Meaning of SEPARATE in English

SEPARATE

adjective , verb

■ adjective / ˈseprət; NAmE /

1.

separate (from sth/sb) forming a unit by itself; not joined to sth else :

separate bedrooms

Raw meat must be kept separate from cooked meat.

The school is housed in two separate buildings.

2.

[ usually before noun ] different; not connected :

It happened on three separate occasions.

For the past three years they have been leading totally separate lives.

►  sep·ar·ate·ness noun [ U , sing. ]:

Japan's long-standing sense of separateness and uniqueness

IDIOMS

- go your separate ways

—more at cover noun

■ verb / ˈsepəreɪt/

1.

~ (sth) (from / and sth) to divide into different parts or groups; to divide things into different parts or groups :

[ v ]

Stir the sauce constantly so that it does not separate.

[ vn ]

It is impossible to separate belief from emotion.

Separate the eggs (= separate the yolk from the white) .

Make a list of points and separate them into 'desirable' and 'essential'.

2.

~ sb/sth (from / and sb/sth) to move apart; to make people or things move apart :

[ v ]

We separated into several different search parties.

South America separated from Africa 200 million years ago.

South America and Africa separated 200 million years ago.

[ vn ]

Police tried to separate the two men who were fighting.

The war separated many families.

Those suffering from infectious diseases were separated from the other patients.

3.

[ vn ] ~ sb (from / and sb) to be between two people, areas, countries, etc. so that they are not touching or connected :

A thousand kilometres separates the two cities.

A high wall separated our back yard from the playing field.

4.

[ v ] ~ (from sb) to stop living together as a couple with your husband, wife or partner :

He separated from his wife after 20 years of marriage.

They separated last year.

5.

[ vn ] ~ sb/sth (from sb/sth) to make sb/sth different in some way from sb/sth else

SYN divide :

Politics is the only thing that separates us (= that we disagree about) .

The judges found it impossible to separate the two contestants (= they gave them equal scores) .

Only four points separate the top three teams.

IDIOMS

see man noun , sheep , wheat

PHRASAL VERBS

- separate out | separate sth out

••

WORD ORIGIN

late Middle English : from Latin separat- disjoined, divided, from the verb separare , from se- apart + parare prepare.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.