Meaning of STORM in English

I. storm 1 W3 /stɔːm $ stɔːrm/ BrE AmE noun

[ Word Family: verb : ↑ storm ; noun : ↑ storm ; adjective : ↑ stormy ]

[ Language: Old English ]

1 . [countable] a period of very bad weather when there is a lot of rain or snow, strong winds, and often ↑ lightning :

The weather forecast is for severe storms tonight.

Twenty people were killed when the storm struck the Midwest.

2 . [countable usually singular] a situation in which people suddenly express very strong feelings about something that someone has said or done:

The governor found himself at the center of a political storm.

storm of protest/criticism etc

Government plans for hospital closures provoked a storm of protest.

3 . take somewhere by storm

a) to be very successful in a particular place:

The new show took London by storm.

b) to attack a place using large numbers of soldiers, and succeed in getting possession of it

4 . weather the storm to experience a difficult period and reach the end of it without being harmed or damaged too much:

I’ll stay and weather the storm.

5 . a storm in a teacup British English an unnecessary expression of strong feelings about something that is very unimportant

6 . dance/sing/cook etc up a storm to do something with all your energy:

They were dancing up a storm.

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COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 1)


▪ a big storm

The tree had come down on the day of the big storm.

▪ a bad/terrible storm

This was the worst storm for 50 years.

▪ a severe/violent/fierce storm

He set out in a violent storm for Fort William.

▪ a great storm literary:

the great storm of 1997

▪ a tropical storm

The tropical storm smashed through the Bahamas.

▪ a rain/snow storm

They got caught in a terrible snow storm.

▪ a dust storm (=one in which a lot of dust is blown around)

Dust storms are relatively common in the Sahara.

▪ an electrical storm (=one with lightning)

Power supplies have been affected by severe electrical storms in some parts of the country.

▪ a winter/summer storm

People fear there may be more flooding when the winter storms hit.

▪ a freak storm (=an unexpected and unusually violent one)

The freak storm caused chaos.

▪ an approaching storm (=one that is coming closer)

The horizon was dark with an approaching storm.

■ verbs

▪ a storm blows up (=starts)

That night, a storm blew up.

▪ a storm breaks (=suddenly starts, after clouds have been increasing)

The storm broke at five o'clock.

▪ a storm is brewing (=is likely to start soon)

He could feel that a storm was brewing.

▪ a storm rages (=is active and violent)

By the time we reached the airfield, a tropical storm was raging.

▪ a storm hits/strikes (a place)

We should try to get home before the storm hits.

▪ a storm lashes/batters a place literary

Fierce storms lashed the coastline.

▪ a storm abates/passes

We sat and waited for the storm to pass.

▪ a storm blows itself out (=ends)

The storm finally blew itself out.

▪ ride out a storm (=survive it without being damaged)

The Greek fleet had ridden out the storm near Euboia.

■ storm + NOUN

▪ storm clouds

We could see storm clouds in the distance.

▪ storm damage

A lot of buildings suffered storm damage.


► Do not say ' a strong storm ' or ' a hard storm '. Say a big storm , a bad storm , or a violent storm .

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COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 2)

■ adjectives

▪ a political storm

The company became the centre of a political storm.

■ verbs

▪ cause/create a storm

The Prime Minister caused a storm by criticizing military commanders.

▪ provoke/spark/raise a storm (=make it start)

This decision provoked a storm of protest from civil rights organizations.

▪ a storm blows up (=starts)

In 1895 a diplomatic storm blew up between Britain and America over Venezuela.

▪ a storm blows over (=ends)

The President is just hoping that the storm will blow over quickly.

▪ ride out the storm (=survive the situation)

Do you think the government will be able to ride out the storm?

■ phrases

▪ a storm of protest

The killing caused a storm of protest.

▪ a storm of controversy

His book raised a storm of controversy.

▪ a storm of criticism

A storm of criticism forced the government to withdraw the proposal.

▪ be at the centre of a storm British English , be at the center of a storm American English (=be the person or thing that is causing strong protest, criticism etc)

He has been at the centre of a storm surrounding donations to the party.

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▪ storm a period of very bad weather when there is a lot of rain or snow, strong winds, and often lightning:

The ship sank in a violent storm.


They got caught in a storm on top of the mountain.


The storm hit the coast of Florida on Tuesday.


The cost of repairing storm damage will run into millions of pounds.

▪ thunderstorm a storm in which there is a lot of ↑ thunder (=loud noise in the sky) and ↑ lightning (=flashes of light in the sky) :

When I was young i was terrified of thunderstorms.

▪ hurricane a storm that has very strong fast winds and that moves over water – used about storms in the North Atlantic Ocean:

Hurricane Katrina battered the US Gulf Coast.


the hurricane season

▪ typhoon a very violent tropical storm – used about storms in the Western Pacific Ocean:

A powerful typhoon hit southern China today.


Weather experts are monitoring typhoons in Hong Kong and China.

▪ cyclone a severe storm affecting a large area, in which the wind moves around in a big circle:

Thousands of people died when a tropical cyclone hit Bangladesh.


Cyclone ‘Joy’ inflicted damage estimated at $40 million, with winds of up to 145 miles per hour.

▪ tornado ( also twister American English informal ) an extremely violent storm that consists of air that spins very quickly and causes a lot of damage:

The tornado ripped the roof off his house.


For the second time in a week deadly tornadoes have torn through Tennessee.

▪ snowstorm a storm with strong winds and a lot of snow:

A major snowstorm blew across Colorado.

▪ blizzard a severe snowstorm in which the snow is blown around by strong winds, making it difficult to see anything:

We got stuck in a blizzard.


Denver is bracing itself for blizzard conditions.

II. storm 2 BrE AmE verb

[ Word Family: verb : ↑ storm ; noun : ↑ storm ; adjective : ↑ stormy ]

1 . [transitive] to suddenly attack and enter a place using a lot of force:

An angry crowd stormed the embassy.

2 . [intransitive always + adverb/preposition] to go somewhere in a noisy fast way that shows you are extremely angry

storm out of/into/off etc

Alan stormed out of the room.

3 . [intransitive and transitive] literary to shout something in an angry way:

‘What difference does it make?’ she stormed.

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■ to attack a place

▪ attack to use weapons to try to damage or take control of a place:

The village was attacked by enemy warplanes.


We will attack at dawn.

▪ invade to enter a country and try to get control of it using force:

The Romans invaded Britain 2,000 years ago.

▪ storm to suddenly attack a city or building that is well defended by getting inside it and taking control:

Elite troops stormed the building and rescued the hostages.

▪ besiege /bɪˈsiːdʒ/ to surround a city or building with soldiers in order to stop the people inside from getting out or from receiving supplies:

In April 655, Osman’s palace was besieged by rebels.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.