Meaning of SUN in English

I. sun 1 S2 W1 /sʌn/ BrE AmE noun

[ Language: Old English ; Origin: sunne ]

1 . the sun/the Sun the large bright object in the sky that gives us light and heat, and around which the Earth moves ⇨ solar :

The sky was blue and the sun was shining.

2 . [uncountable] the heat and light that come from the sun ⇨ sunny :

Too much sun is bad for you.

in the sun

We sat in the sun, eating ice cream.

the warmth of the afternoon sun

3 . [countable] any star around which ↑ planet s move

4 . everything/anything etc under the sun used to emphasize that you are talking about a large range of things:

You can buy jeans in every colour under the sun.

5 . catch the sun British English , get some sun American English if someone catches or gets the sun, they become slightly red or brown because they have been outside in the sun

⇨ make hay while the sun shines at ↑ hay (2)

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COLLOCATIONS (for Meanings 1 & 2)

■ verbs

▪ the sun shines

When I woke, the sun was shining.

▪ the sun beats down/blazes down (=shines with a lot of light and heat)

The sun beats down on us as we work.

▪ the sun comes out (=appears when cloud moves away)

The rain stopped and the sun came out.

▪ the sun rises/comes up (=appears at the beginning of the day)

As the sun rises, the birds take flight.

▪ the sun sets/goes down (=disappears at the end of the day)

It is a good place to sit and watch the sun go down.

▪ the sun sinks (=gradually disappears at the end of the day)

The sun sank lower and the breeze grew cool.


▪ the hot/warm sun

The hot sun beat down on the men working.

▪ the blazing/burning sun

Tourists trudge around in the blazing sun.

▪ a bright sun

It was a warm day with a bright sun overhead.

▪ the morning/afternoon/evening sun

We ate breakfast outside in the gentle morning sun.

▪ the midday/noonday sun

They all sought shade from the blazing midday sun.

▪ the rising/setting sun (=the sun as it appears/disappears)

The fields were ablaze with light from the setting sun.

■ phrases

▪ the sun is high/low in the sky

They walked until the sun was low in the sky.

■ nouns

▪ the sun’s rays

This moisturiser will also protect skin from the sun’s rays.

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■ in the sky

▪ star a large ball of burning gas in space, which can be seen at night as a point of light in the sky:

The dark night sky was clear and full of stars.

▪ planet one of the large objects that goes around the sun, for example the Earth, Saturn, Mercury, or Mars:

The planet Uranus was discovered in 1781.

▪ sun the star that gives us light and heat, around which the planets move. There are also many millions of other suns in the universe:

The sun came out from behind a cloud.


a dying sun

▪ moon the round object that moves around the Earth every 28 days, or a similar object that goes around another planet:

The moon rose in the night sky.


Titan is one of the moons of Saturn.

▪ asteroid a mass of rock that moves around the sun. Most asteroids are found between Jupiter and Mars:

the asteroid belt

▪ pulsar a type of star that is far away in space and produces ↑ radiation and RADIO WAVES

▪ quasar an object like a star that is far away in space and shines extremely brightly

▪ supernova a very large exploding star

▪ constellation a group of stars that forms a particular pattern and has a name:

The constellation of Orion is one of the most easily recognizable patterns of stars in the night sky.

▪ galaxy one of the large groups of stars that make up the universe:

Astronomers have detected a galaxy 11 billion light years away.

▪ the universe all space, including all the stars and planets:

How many planets in the universe have life?

II. sun 2 BrE AmE verb ( past tense and past participle sunned , present participle sunning )

sun yourself to sit or lie outside when the sun is shining ⇨ sunbathe :

The beaches were full of families sunning themselves.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.