Meaning of TRAVEL in English

TRAVEL

I. trav ‧ el 1 S2 W2 /ˈtræv ə l/ BrE AmE verb ( past tense and past participle travelled , present participle travelling British English , traveled , traveling American English )

[ Date: 1300-1400 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: travaillier ; ⇨ ↑ travail ]

1 . JOURNEY

a) [intransitive] to go from one place to another, or to several places, especially ones that are far away:

Someday I’d like to travel abroad.

travel to/across/through/around etc

We’re planning to travel across America this summer.

travel widely/extensively

He has travelled extensively in China.

travel by train/car/air etc

We travelled by train across Eastern Europe.

He’d travelled far, but he’d travelled light (=without taking many possessions) .

b) travel the world/country to go to most parts of the world or of a particular country

2 . DISTANCE [intransitive and transitive] to go a particular distance or at a particular speed

travel at

The train was travelling at 100 mph.

They travelled 200 miles on the first day.

3 . well-travelled

a) ( also widely-travelled ) having travelled to many different countries:

a well-travelled businesswoman

b) having been travelled on by many people:

a well-travelled road

4 . NEWS [intransitive] to be passed quickly from one person or place to another:

News travels fast.

5 . travel well to remain in good condition or be equally successful when taken to another country:

Exporters have to find wines that travel well.

Many British television programmes don’t travel well.

6 . EYES [intransitive always + adverb/preposition] written if your eyes travel over something, you look at different parts of it:

His gaze travelled over her face.

7 . LIGHT/SOUND [intransitive] to move at a particular speed or in a particular direction:

Light travels faster than sound.

8 . SPORT [intransitive] to take more than three steps while you are holding the ball in ↑ basketball

• • •

COLLOCATIONS

■ adverbs

▪ travel abroad

Only the affluent could afford to take vacations or to travel abroad.

▪ travel widely/extensively

He travelled extensively in Europe studying geology.

▪ travel light (=not take many things with you)

The idea was to travel light, so Travis allowed her to pack only one change of clothing.

■ phrases

▪ travel by train/car/air etc

Emily hated travelling by train.

▪ travel the world/country

They travelled the world together.

• • •

THESAURUS

■ to travel

▪ travel to go from one place to another, especially places that are far apart:

We travelled to Russia by train.

|

I love to travel.

▪ go to go somewhere – often used instead of travel :

We’re going to Greece for our holidays this year.

|

He’s gone to London on business.

|

It’s quicker to go by plane.

▪ commute to travel to work or school:

She commutes to work by bicycle.

▪ cross to travel across a very large area, for example a desert or ocean:

The slaves crossed the Atlantic in the holds of the ships.

▪ tour to travel in order to visit many different places, especially as part of a holiday:

They’re touring Europe by coach.

▪ go trekking to do a long and difficult walk in a place far from towns and cities:

They went trekking in the mountains.

|

She’s been trekking in Nepal a couple of times.

▪ go backpacking to travel to a lot of different places, carrying your clothes with you in your ↑ rucksack :

He went backpacking in Australia.

▪ roam especially written to travel or move around an area with no clear purpose or direction, usually for a long time:

When he was young, he roamed from one country to another.

|

The tribes used to roam around freely, without any fixed territory.

▪ journey literary to travel, especially a long distance:

He journeyed on horseback through Palestine.

■ people who travel

▪ traveller British English , traveler American English someone who is travelling a long distance:

Weary travellers waited at the airport.

|

My aunt was a great traveller. (=she travelled a lot) .

▪ tourist someone who is travelling somewhere for a holiday:

During the summer, over a million tourists visit the island each year.

▪ passenger someone who is travelling in a vehicle, plane, ship etc but not driving it or working on it:

The driver and two passengers were killed in the crash.

▪ commuter someone who travels to work every day:

commuters on the train to London

▪ backpacker someone who travels to a lot of different places, carrying their clothes etc in a ↑ rucksack :

The hostels are great for backpackers.

▪ explorer someone who travels to places that people have not visited before:

Potatoes were brought to England by explorers such as Sir Francis Drake and Sir Walter Raleigh.

II. travel 2 S2 W2 BrE AmE noun

1 . [uncountable] the activity of travelling:

The new job involves a fair amount of travel.

2 . travels [plural] journeys to places that are far away, usually for pleasure

on sb’s travels

We met some very interesting people on our travels in Thailand.

• • •

COLLOCATIONS

■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + travel

▪ air travel

There has been a major increase in air travel during the last twenty years.

▪ rail travel

The measures were introduced to make rail travel safer.

▪ bus/coach/car etc travel

The price is £98, inclusive of coach travel.

▪ foreign/international/overseas travel

The job offers opportunities for foreign travel.

▪ long-distance travel

Long-distance travel is becoming much more common these days.

▪ business travel

Business travel often took him away from his family.

▪ space travel

Large rockets are used for space travel and exploration.

■ travel + NOUN

▪ the travel industry

The storms have had a huge effect on the country's travel industry.

▪ travel arrangements

I still have to make all the travel arrangements.

▪ travel expenses/costs

They offered to pay my travel expenses.

▪ travel insurance

You are strongly advised to take out travel insurance.

▪ a travel book/guide

Kyushu looks so lovely in the travel books.

▪ a travel writer

an award-winning travel writer

■ phrases

▪ a form/mode/method/means of travel

I find the train a more comfortable mode of travel.

■ COMMON ERRORS

► Do not use ' a travel ' to mean a journey or a trip , for example by saying ' a long/short travel '. Say a long/short journey or a long/short trip .

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.