Meaning of TRAVEL in English
I. trav ‧ el 1 S2 W2 /ˈtræv ə l/ BrE AmE verb ( past tense and past participle travelled , present participle travelling British English , traveled , traveling American English )
[ Date: 1300-1400 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: travaillier ; ⇨ ↑ travail ]
1 . JOURNEY
a) [intransitive] to go from one place to another, or to several places, especially ones that are far away:
Someday I’d like to travel abroad.
travel to/across/through/around etc
We’re planning to travel across America this summer.
He has travelled extensively in China.
travel by train/car/air etc
We travelled by train across Eastern Europe.
He’d travelled far, but he’d travelled light (=without taking many possessions) .
b) travel the world/country to go to most parts of the world or of a particular country
2 . DISTANCE [intransitive and transitive] to go a particular distance or at a particular speed
The train was travelling at 100 mph.
They travelled 200 miles on the first day.
3 . well-travelled
a) ( also widely-travelled ) having travelled to many different countries:
a well-travelled businesswoman
b) having been travelled on by many people:
a well-travelled road
4 . NEWS [intransitive] to be passed quickly from one person or place to another:
News travels fast.
5 . travel well to remain in good condition or be equally successful when taken to another country:
Exporters have to find wines that travel well.
Many British television programmes don’t travel well.
6 . EYES [intransitive always + adverb/preposition] written if your eyes travel over something, you look at different parts of it:
His gaze travelled over her face.
7 . LIGHT/SOUND [intransitive] to move at a particular speed or in a particular direction:
Light travels faster than sound.
8 . SPORT [intransitive] to take more than three steps while you are holding the ball in ↑ basketball
• • •
▪ travel abroad
Only the affluent could afford to take vacations or to travel abroad.
▪ travel widely/extensively
He travelled extensively in Europe studying geology.
▪ travel light (=not take many things with you)
The idea was to travel light, so Travis allowed her to pack only one change of clothing.
▪ travel by train/car/air etc
Emily hated travelling by train.
▪ travel the world/country
They travelled the world together.
• • •
■ to travel
▪ travel to go from one place to another, especially places that are far apart:
We travelled to Russia by train.
I love to travel.
▪ go to go somewhere – often used instead of travel :
We’re going to Greece for our holidays this year.
He’s gone to London on business.
It’s quicker to go by plane.
▪ commute to travel to work or school:
She commutes to work by bicycle.
▪ cross to travel across a very large area, for example a desert or ocean:
The slaves crossed the Atlantic in the holds of the ships.
▪ tour to travel in order to visit many different places, especially as part of a holiday:
They’re touring Europe by coach.
▪ go trekking to do a long and difficult walk in a place far from towns and cities:
They went trekking in the mountains.
She’s been trekking in Nepal a couple of times.
▪ go backpacking to travel to a lot of different places, carrying your clothes with you in your ↑ rucksack :
He went backpacking in Australia.
▪ roam especially written to travel or move around an area with no clear purpose or direction, usually for a long time:
When he was young, he roamed from one country to another.
The tribes used to roam around freely, without any fixed territory.
▪ journey literary to travel, especially a long distance:
He journeyed on horseback through Palestine.
■ people who travel
▪ traveller British English , traveler American English someone who is travelling a long distance:
Weary travellers waited at the airport.
My aunt was a great traveller. (=she travelled a lot) .
▪ tourist someone who is travelling somewhere for a holiday:
During the summer, over a million tourists visit the island each year.
▪ passenger someone who is travelling in a vehicle, plane, ship etc but not driving it or working on it:
The driver and two passengers were killed in the crash.
▪ commuter someone who travels to work every day:
commuters on the train to London
▪ backpacker someone who travels to a lot of different places, carrying their clothes etc in a ↑ rucksack :
The hostels are great for backpackers.
▪ explorer someone who travels to places that people have not visited before:
Potatoes were brought to England by explorers such as Sir Francis Drake and Sir Walter Raleigh.
II. travel 2 S2 W2 BrE AmE noun
1 . [uncountable] the activity of travelling:
The new job involves a fair amount of travel.
2 . travels [plural] journeys to places that are far away, usually for pleasure
on sb’s travels
We met some very interesting people on our travels in Thailand.
• • •
■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + travel
▪ air travel
There has been a major increase in air travel during the last twenty years.
▪ rail travel
The measures were introduced to make rail travel safer.
▪ bus/coach/car etc travel
The price is £98, inclusive of coach travel.
▪ foreign/international/overseas travel
The job offers opportunities for foreign travel.
▪ long-distance travel
Long-distance travel is becoming much more common these days.
▪ business travel
Business travel often took him away from his family.
▪ space travel
Large rockets are used for space travel and exploration.
■ travel + NOUN
▪ the travel industry
The storms have had a huge effect on the country's travel industry.
▪ travel arrangements
I still have to make all the travel arrangements.
▪ travel expenses/costs
They offered to pay my travel expenses.
▪ travel insurance
You are strongly advised to take out travel insurance.
▪ a travel book/guide
Kyushu looks so lovely in the travel books.
▪ a travel writer
an award-winning travel writer
▪ a form/mode/method/means of travel
I find the train a more comfortable mode of travel.
■ COMMON ERRORS
► Do not use ' a travel ' to mean a journey or a trip , for example by saying ' a long/short travel '. Say a long/short journey or a long/short trip .
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012