Meaning of ACUTE in English



Pronunciation: ə - ' kyüt

Function: adjective

Inflected Form: acut · er ; acut · est

Etymology: Middle English, from Latin acutus, past participle of acuere to sharpen, from acus needle; akin to Latin acer sharp ― more at EDGE

Date: 14th century

1 a (1) : characterized by sharpness or severity < acute pain> (2) : having a sudden onset, sharp rise, and short course < acute disease> (3) : being, providing, or requiring short-term medical care (as for serious illness or traumatic injury) < acute hospitals> <an acute patient> b : lasting a short time < acute experiments>

2 : ending in a sharp point: as a : being or forming an angle measuring less than 90 degrees <an acute angle> b : composed of acute angles <an acute triangle>

3 a of an accent mark : having the form ´ b : marked with an acute accent c : of the variety indicated by an acute accent

4 a : marked by keen discernment or intellectual perception especially of subtle distinctions : PENETRATING <an acute thinker> b : responsive to slight impressions or stimuli < acute hearing>

5 : felt, perceived, or experienced intensely < acute distress>

6 : seriously demanding urgent attention <an acute emergency>

– acute · ly adverb

– acute · ness noun

synonyms ACUTE , CRITICAL , CRUCIAL mean of uncertain outcome. ACUTE stresses intensification of conditions leading to a culmination or breaking point <an acute housing shortage>. CRITICAL adds to ACUTE implications of imminent change, of attendant suspense, and of decisiveness in the outcome <the war has entered a critical phase>. CRUCIAL suggests a dividing of the ways and often a test or trial involving the determination of a future course or direction <a crucial vote>. synonym see in addition SHARP

Merriam Webster Collegiate English Dictionary.      Merriam Webster - Энциклопедический словарь английского языка.