Meaning of SHOULDER in English
[shoul.der] n [ME sholder, fr. OE sculdor; akin to OHG scultra shoulder] (bef. 12c) 1 a: the laterally projecting part of the human body formed of the bones and joints with their covering tissue by which the arm is connected with the trunk b: the region of the body of nonhuman vertebrates that corresponds to the shoulder but is less projecting
2. a: the two shoulders and the upper part of the back--usu. used in pl. b pl: capacity for bearing a task or blame "placed the guilt squarely on his ~s"
3: a cut of meat including the upper joint of the foreleg and adjacent parts--see lamb illustration
4: the part of a garment at the wearer's shoulder
5: an area adjacent to or along the edge of a higher, more prominent, or more important part: as a (1): the part of a hill or mountain near the top (2): a lateral protrusion or extension of a hill or mountain b: either edge of a roadway; specif: the part of a roadway outside of the traveled way
6: a rounded or sloping part (as of a stringed instrument or a bottle) where the neck joins the body -- shoul.dered adj
shoulder vb shoul.dered ; shoul.der.ing vt (14c) 1: to push or thrust with or as if with the shoulder: jostle "~ed his way through the crowd"
2. a: to place or bear on the shoulder "~ed her knapsack and took off" b: to assume the burden or responsibility of "~ the blame" ~ vi: to push with or as if with the shoulders aggressively
Merriam-Webster English vocab. Английский словарь Merriam Webster. 2012