Meaning of SHOULDER in English

SHOULDER

n. & v.

--n.

1. a the part of the body at which the arm, foreleg, or wing is attached. b (in full shoulder joint) the end of the upper arm joining with the collar-bone and blade-bone. c either of the two projections below the neck from which the arms depend.

2 the upper foreleg and shoulder blade of a pig, lamb, etc. when butchered.

3 (in pl.) a the upper part of the back and arms. b this part of the body regarded as capable of bearing a burden or blame, providing comfort, etc. (needs a shoulder to cry on).

4 a strip of land next to a metalled road (pulled over on to the shoulder).

5 a part of a garment covering the shoulder.

6 a part of anything resembling a shoulder in form or function, as in a bottle, mountain, tool, etc.

--v.

1. a tr. push with the shoulder; jostle. b intr. make one's way by jostling (shouldered through the crowd).

2 tr. take (a burden etc.) on one's shoulders (shouldered the family's problems).

Phrases and idioms:

put (or set) one's shoulder to the wheel make an effort. shoulder arms hold a rifle with the barrel against the shoulder and the butt in the hand. shoulder-bag a woman's handbag that can be hung from the shoulder. shoulder-belt a bandolier or other strap passing over one shoulder and under the opposite arm. shoulder-blade Anat. either of the large flat bones of the upper back; the scapula. shoulder-high up to or as high as the shoulders. shoulder-holster a gun holster worn in the armpit. shoulder-knot a knot of ribbon, metal, lace, etc. worn as part of a ceremonial dress. shoulder-length (of hair etc.) reaching to the shoulders. shoulder loop US the shoulder-strap of an army, air-force, or marines officer. shoulder mark US the shoulder-strap of a naval officer. shoulder-note Printing a marginal note at the top of a page. shoulder-of-mutton sail leg-of-mutton sail. shoulder-pad a pad sewn into a garment to bulk out the shoulder. shoulder-strap

1. a strip of fabric, leather, etc. suspending a bag or garment from the shoulder.

2 a strip of cloth from shoulder to collar on a military uniform bearing a symbol of rank etc.

3 a similar strip on a raincoat.

shoulder to shoulder

1. side by side.

2 with closed ranks or united effort.

Derivatives:

shouldered adj. (also in comb.).

Etymology: OE sculdor f. WG

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.