Meaning of TRANSFORMATION in English

[] n (15c) 1: an act, process, or instance of transforming or being transformed

2: false hair worn esp. by a woman to replace or supplement natural hair 3 a (1): the operation of changing (as by rotation or mapping) one configuration or expression into another in accordance with a mathematical rule; esp: a change of variables or coordinates in which a function of new variables or coordinates is substituted for each original variable or coordinate (2): the formula that effects a transformation b: function 5a c: an operation that converts (as by insertion, deletion, or permutation) one grammatical string (as a sentence) into another; also: a formal statement of such an operation

4. a: genetic modification of a bacterium by incorporation of free DNA from another ruptured bacterial cell--compare transduction b: genetic modification of a cell by the uptake and incorporation of exogenous DNA

Merriam-Webster English vocab.      Английский словарь Merriam Webster.