Meaning of BRIDGE in English


I. ˈbrij noun

Etymology: Middle English brigge, from Old English brycg; akin to Old High German brucka bridge, Old Church Slavic brŭvŭno beam

Date: before 12th century


a. : a structure carrying a pathway or roadway over a depression or obstacle

b. : a time, place, or means of connection or transition

2. : something resembling a bridge in form or function: as

a. : the upper bony part of the nose ; also : the part of a pair of glasses that rests upon it

b. : a piece raising the strings of a musical instrument — see violin illustration

c. : the forward part of a ship's superstructure from which the ship is navigated

d. : gantry 2b

e. : the hand as a rest for a billiards or pool cue ; also : a device used as a cue rest


a. : a musical passage linking two sections of a composition

b. : a partial denture anchored to adjacent teeth

c. : a connection (as an atom or group of atoms) that joins two different parts of a molecule (as opposite sides of a ring)

4. : an electrical instrument or network for measuring or comparing resistances, inductances, capacitances, or impedances by comparing the ratio of two opposing voltages to a known ratio

• bridge·less -ləs adjective


bridge 1a: 1 beam, 2 truss, 3 arch, 4 suspension, 5 cable-stayed


II. transitive verb

( bridged ; bridg·ing )

Date: before 12th century

1. : to make a bridge over or across

bridge the gap

also : to join by a bridge

2. : to provide with a bridge

• bridge·able ˈbri-jə-bəl adjective

III. noun

Etymology: alteration of earlier biritch, of unknown origin

Date: circa 1897

: any of various card games for usually four players in two partnerships that bid for the right to declare a trump suit, seek to win tricks equal to the final bid, and play with the hand of declarer's partner exposed and played by declarer ; especially : contract bridge

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.