Meaning of CONFIDENCE in English

CONFIDENCE

I. ˈkän-fə-dən(t)s, -ˌden(t)s noun

Date: 14th century

1.

a. : a feeling or consciousness of one's powers or of reliance on one's circumstances

had perfect confidence in her ability to succeed

met the risk with brash confidence

b. : faith or belief that one will act in a right, proper, or effective way

have confidence in a leader

2. : the quality or state of being certain : certitude

they had every confidence of success

3.

a. : a relation of trust or intimacy

took his friend into his confidence

b. : reliance on another's discretion

their story was told in strictest confidence

c. : support especially in a legislative body

vote of confidence

4. : a communication made in confidence : secret

accused him of betraying a confidence

Synonyms:

confidence , assurance , self-possession , aplomb mean a state of mind or a manner marked by easy coolness and freedom from uncertainty, diffidence, or embarrassment. confidence stresses faith in oneself and one's powers without any suggestion of conceit or arrogance

the confidence that comes from long experience

assurance carries a stronger implication of certainty and may suggest arrogance or lack of objectivity in assessing one's own powers

handled the cross-examination with complete assurance

self-possession implies an ease or coolness under stress that reflects perfect self-control and command of one's powers

answered the insolent question with complete self-possession

aplomb implies a manifest self-possession in trying or challenging situations

handled the reporters with great aplomb

II. adjective

Date: 1849

: of, relating to, or adept at swindling by false promises

a confidence game

a confidence man

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.