Meaning of GRAFT in English

GRAFT

I. ˈgraft noun

Etymology: Middle English graffe, grafte, from Anglo-French greffe, graife stylus, graph, from Medieval Latin graphium, from Latin, stylus, from Greek grapheion, from graphein to write — more at carve

Date: 14th century

1.

a. : a grafted plant

b. : scion 1

c. : the point of insertion of a scion upon a stock

2.

a. : the act of grafting

b. : something grafted ; specifically : living tissue used in grafting

[

graft 1c: a scion, b stock

]

II. verb

Date: 14th century

transitive verb

1.

a. : to cause (a scion) to unite with a stock ; also : to unite (plants or scion and stock) to form a graft

b. : to propagate (a plant) by grafting

2.

a. : to join or unite as if by grafting

b. : to attach (a chemical unit) to a main molecular chain

3. : to implant (living tissue) surgically

intransitive verb

1. : to become grafted

2. : to perform grafting

• graft·er noun

III. noun

Etymology: English dialect graft, verb, to work

Date: 1853

chiefly British : work , labor

IV.

Etymology: origin unknown

Date: 1859

transitive verb

: to get (illicit gain) by graft

intransitive verb

: to practice graft

V. noun

Date: 1865

: the acquisition of gain (as money) in dishonest or questionable ways ; also : illegal or unfair gain

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.