Meaning of LEFT in English


I. ˈleft adjective

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English, weak; akin to Middle Low German lucht left; from the left hand's being the weaker in most individuals

Date: 13th century


a. : of, relating to, situated on, or being the side of the body in which the heart is mostly located

b. : done with the left hand

a left hook to the jaw

c. : located nearer to the left hand than to the right


(1) : located on the left of an observer facing in the same direction as the object specified

stage left

(2) : located on the left when facing downstream

the left bank of a river

2. often capitalized : of, adhering to, or constituted by the left especially in politics

• left adverb

II. noun

Date: 13th century


a. : the left hand

b. : the location or direction of the left side

c. : the part on the left side

d. : a turn to the left

take a left at the intersection


a. : left field

b. : a blow struck with the left fist

3. often capitalized

a. : the part of a legislative chamber located to the left of the presiding officer

b. : the members of a continental European legislative body occupying the left as a result of holding more radical political views than other members

4. often capitalized

a. : those professing views usually characterized by desire to reform or overthrow the established order especially in politics and usually advocating change in the name of the greater freedom or well-being of the common man

b. : a radical as distinguished from a conservative position

• left·most ˈleft-ˌmōst noun


past and past participle of leave

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.