Meaning of PERFECT in English

I. ˈpər-fikt adjective

Etymology: Middle English parfit, from Anglo-French, from Latin perfectus, from past participle of perficere to carry out, perfect, from per- thoroughly + facere to make, do — more at do

Date: 14th century


a. : being entirely without fault or defect : flawless

a perfect diamond

b. : satisfying all requirements : accurate

c. : corresponding to an ideal standard or abstract concept

a perfect gentleman

d. : faithfully reproducing the original ; specifically : letter-perfect

e. : legally valid

2. : expert , proficient

practice makes perfect


a. : pure , total

b. : lacking in no essential detail : complete

c. obsolete : sane

d. : absolute , unequivocal

enjoys perfect happiness

e. : of an extreme kind : unmitigated

a perfect brat

an act of perfect foolishness

4. obsolete : mature

5. : of, relating to, or constituting a verb form or verbal that expresses an action or state completed at the time of speaking or at a time spoken of

6. obsolete

a. : certain , sure

b. : contented , satisfied

7. of a musical interval : belonging to the consonances unison, fourth, fifth, and octave which retain their character when inverted and when raised or lowered by a half step become augmented or diminished


a. : sexually mature and fully differentiated

a perfect insect

b. : having both stamens and pistils in the same flower

a perfect flower

• per·fect·ness -fik(t)-nəs noun


perfect , whole , entire , intact mean not lacking or faulty in any particular. perfect implies the soundness and the excellence of every part, element, or quality of a thing frequently as an unattainable or theoretical state

a perfect set of teeth

whole suggests a completeness or perfection that can be sought, gained, or regained

felt like a whole person again after vacation

entire implies perfection deriving from integrity, soundness, or completeness of a thing

the entire Beethoven corpus

intact implies retention of perfection of a thing in its natural or original state

the boat survived the storm intact

II. pər-ˈfekt also ˈpər-fikt transitive verb

Date: 14th century

1. : to bring to final form

2. : to make perfect : improve , refine

• per·fect·er noun

III. ˈpər-fikt noun

Date: 1841

: the perfect tense of a language ; also : a verb form in the perfect tense

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.