Meaning of POLE in English

POLE

I. ˈpōl noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English pāl stake, pole, from Latin palus stake; akin to Latin pangere to fix — more at pact

Date: before 12th century

1.

a. : a long slender usually cylindrical object (as a length of wood)

b. : a shaft which extends from the front axle of a wagon between wheelhorses and by which the wagon is drawn : tongue

c. : a long staff of wood, metal, or fiberglass used in the pole vault

2. : a varying unit of length ; especially : one equal to a rod (16 1/2 feet or about 5 meters)

3. : a tree with a breast-high diameter of from 4 to 12 inches (10 to 30 centimeters)

4. : the inside front row position on the starting line for a race

II. verb

( poled ; pol·ing )

Date: 1573

transitive verb

1. : to act upon with a pole

2. : to impel or push with a pole

intransitive verb

1. : to propel a boat with a pole

2. : to use ski poles to gain speed

III. noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Latin polus, from Greek polos pivot, pole; akin to Greek pelesthai to become, Sanskrit carati he moves, wanders — more at wheel

Date: 14th century

1. : either extremity of an axis of a sphere and especially of the earth's axis

2.

a. : either of two related opposites

b. : a point of guidance or attraction

3.

a. : either of the two terminals of an electric cell, battery, generator, or motor

b. : one of two or more regions in a magnetized body at which the magnetic flux density is concentrated

4. : either of two morphologically or physiologically differentiated areas at opposite ends of an axis in an organism or cell — see blastula illustration

5.

a. : the fixed point in a system of polar coordinates that serves as the origin

b. : the point of origin of two tangents to a conic section that determine a polar

- poles apart

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.