Meaning of PROCESS in English

I. ˈprä-ˌses, ˈprō-, -səs noun

( plural pro·cess·es -ˌse-səz, -sə-, -ˌsēz)

Etymology: Middle English proces, from Anglo-French procés, from Latin processus, from procedere

Date: 14th century


a. : progress , advance

in the process of time

b. : something going on : proceeding



(1) : a natural phenomenon marked by gradual changes that lead toward a particular result

the process of growth

(2) : a continuing natural or biological activity or function

such life process es as breathing

b. : a series of actions or operations conducing to an end ; especially : a continuous operation or treatment especially in manufacture


a. : the whole course of proceedings in a legal action

b. : the summons, mandate, or writ used by a court to compel the appearance of the defendant in a legal action or compliance with its orders

4. : a prominent or projecting part of an organism or organic structure

a bone process

a nerve cell process

5. : conk VI

II. transitive verb

Date: 1532


a. : to proceed against by law : prosecute


(1) : to take out a summons against

(2) : to serve a summons on


a. : to subject to a special process or treatment (as in the course of manufacture or film development)


(1) : to subject to or handle through an established usually routine set of procedures

process insurance claims

(2) : to integrate sensory information received so that an action or response is generated

the brain process es visual images relayed from the retina

(3) : to subject to examination or analysis

computers process data

c. : to work (hair) into a conk

III. adjective

Date: 1888

1. : treated or made by a special process especially when involving synthesis or artificial modification

2. : made by or used in a mechanical or photomechanical duplicating process

3. : of or involving illusory effects usually introduced during processing of the film

IV. prə-ˈses intransitive verb

Etymology: back-formation from procession (I)

Date: 1814

chiefly British : to move in a procession

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.