Meaning of PURCHASE in English

PURCHASE

I. ˈpər-chəs verb

( pur·chased ; pur·chas·ing )

Etymology: Middle English purchacen, from Anglo-French purchacer to strive for, obtain, from por-, pur- thoroughly, to a conclusion (from Latin pro- forward, for) + chacer to pursue, chase — more at pro-

Date: 14th century

transitive verb

1.

a. archaic : gain , acquire

b. : to acquire (real estate) by means other than descent

c. : to obtain by paying money or its equivalent : buy

d. : to obtain by labor, danger, or sacrifice

2. : to constitute the means for buying

our dollars purchase less each year

intransitive verb

: to purchase something

• pur·chas·able -chə-sə-bəl adjective

• pur·chas·er noun

II. noun

Date: 14th century

1. : an act or instance of purchasing

2. : something obtained especially for a price in money or its equivalent

3.

a.

(1) : a mechanical hold or advantage applied to the raising or moving of heavy bodies

(2) : an apparatus or device by which advantage is gained

b.

(1) : an advantage (as a firm hold or position) used in applying one's power

clutching the steering wheel for more purchase — Barry Crump

(2) : a means of exerting power

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.