Meaning of PURCHASE in English


I. -chəs verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English purchacen, from Old French porchacier, purchacier to seek to obtain, from por, pur, pour for (modification — perhaps influenced by Latin per through — of Latin pro for) + chacier to pursue, chase — more at for , chase

transitive verb


a. archaic : to get into one's possession : gain , acquire

your accent is something finer than you could purchase in so removed a dwelling — Shakespeare

b. : to acquire (real estate) by any means other than descent or inheritance

c. archaic : to obtain (as a license) from authority

d. : to obtain (as merchandise) by paying money or its equivalent : buy for a price

purchased a new suit

e. : to obtain (something desired) by an outlay (as of labor, danger, sacrifice)

purchase one's life at the expense of one's honor

: win , earn

his place was dearly purchased

2. obsolete : to cause to occur : effect , procure


a. : to haul in or up with or as if with a mechanical device or rope

b. : to apply to (as something to be moved or lifted) a device for obtaining a mechanical advantage : get a purchase upon or apply a purchase to ; also : to move (as a cannon) by a purchase


a. obsolete : to serve as a ransom for

b. : to constitute the means or medium for buying (something)

our dollars purchase less each year

expert flattery may purchase an honest man

intransitive verb


a. obsolete : to acquire wealth or property

b. : to make a purchase or purchases : buy

2. obsolete : to exert oneself : expend effort toward some end

II. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English purchas, porchas, from Old French, from porchacier to purchase

1. : an act or instance of purchasing: as

a. obsolete

(1) : the taking or seizing of prey (as in hunting)

(2) : the taking of something into one's possession violently or with force of arms : plundering, pillage

b. obsolete : the seeking, procuring, or taking into possession of something : acquisition ; also : an act of instigating : contrivance

c. : the acquiring of lands or tenements by any means other than descent or inheritance

d. : the acquiring of title to or property in anything for a price : a buying for money or its equivalent

the purchase of shares in a business



(1) : something gotten into one's possession by any means honest or dishonest : gain , booty ; especially : the prize of a privateer

(2) : something obtained for a price in money or its equivalent

showed her purchases with pride


(1) : annual yield in rent

(2) : value or potentiality for use or service in something or the hypothetical or figurative cash value of such or of a specified increment of such

a life not worth a day's purchase

c. : something bought considered with reference to its price or value : bargain , buy

will find him a dearer purchase than she thought

a good purchase

3. chiefly Scotland : means of acquiring property : resources



(1) : a mechanical hold or advantage applied to the raising or moving of heavy bodies (as by a lever, tackle, capstan)

(2) : an apparatus or device by which the advantage is gained (as a pulley tackle)


(1) : an advantage used in applying one's power in any effort

(2) : position or means of exerting power

5. : an unorganized minor territorial division in New Hampshire consisting of land that was originally laid off and sold by the state to an individual or individuals

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.