Meaning of VAULT in English

VAULT

I. ˈvȯlt noun

Etymology: Middle English vaute, voute, from Anglo-French voute, from Vulgar Latin * volvita turn, vault, from feminine of * volvitus, alteration of Latin volutus, past participle of volvere to roll — more at voluble

Date: 14th century

1.

a. : an arched structure of masonry usually forming a ceiling or roof

b. : something (as the sky) resembling a vault

c. : an arched or dome-shaped anatomical structure

the cranial vault

2.

a. : a space covered by an arched structure ; especially : an underground passage or room

b. : an underground storage compartment

c. : a room or compartment for the safekeeping of valuables

3.

a. : a burial chamber

b. : a prefabricated container usually of metal or concrete into which a casket is placed at burial

• vaulty ˈvȯl-tē adjective

[

vault 1a

]

II. transitive verb

Date: 14th century

: to form or cover with or as if with a vault : arch

III. verb

Etymology: Middle French volter, from Old Italian voltare, from Vulgar Latin * volvitare to turn, leap, frequentative of Latin volvere

Date: 1538

intransitive verb

1. : to leap vigorously ; especially : to execute a leap using the hands or a pole

2. : to do or achieve something as if by a leap

vault ed to sudden prominence

transitive verb

: to leap over ; especially : to leap over by or as if by aid of the hands or a pole

IV. noun

Date: 1576

: an act of vaulting : leap

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.