Meaning of DEMAND in English

DEMAND

I.

noun

1 firm request

ADJECTIVE

▪ legitimate , realistic , reasonable

I think your ~ for a higher salary is perfectly reasonable.

▪ outrageous , unrealistic , unreasonable

▪ non-negotiable

▪ radical

▪ urgent

▪ central , key , main , major

▪ fresh , new , renewed

There have been new ~s for the government to take action to reduce crime.

▪ final

A final ~ for payment had been issued.

▪ written

▪ financial , political

▪ opposition ( esp. BrE ), popular , public , union

The management had no intention of meeting union ~s.

▪ pay ( esp. BrE ), ransom , salary , tax ( esp. BrE ), wage ( esp. BrE )

A ransom ~ has been made for the kidnapped racehorse.

VERB + DEMAND

▪ issue , make , present , press , put forward

Demands have been made for the immediate distribution of food to the refugees.

▪ renew , repeat , step up

Campaigners have stepped up their ~s for immediate government action.

▪ face

▪ respond to

▪ accommodate , agree to , give in to , meet , satisfy , yield to

The government cannot give in to the ~s of an illegal organization.

▪ refuse , reject , resist

The reporter refused their ~ that he reveal his sources.

PREPOSITION

▪ on ~

Campaigners insist that abortion should be available on ~.

▪ ~ for , ~ from

~s from the opposition for a recount of the votes

2 need/desire for goods/services

ADJECTIVE

▪ big , buoyant ( BrE ), considerable , enormous , great , heavy , high , huge , insatiable , peak , strong , unprecedented

Demand for the product is enormous.

There's always a great ~ for our soups in winter.

▪ burgeoning , escalating , ever-increasing , growing , increased , increasing , rising , soaring , surging

▪ excess , extra

▪ constant , steady

She is in constant ~ to make public appearances and give interviews.

▪ changing , fluctuating , seasonal

▪ current , future

▪ latent , likely ( esp. BrE ), pent-up , potential , projected

▪ overall , total

We can estimate that total market ~ for electrical goods will rise by 8%.

▪ declining , falling , limited , low , reduced , slowing , sluggish

▪ consumer , customer , market , popular , public

By popular ~, the play will run for another week.

▪ domestic , export , foreign , global , local , world , worldwide

The slowdown in domestic ~ was offset by an increase in exports.

▪ electricity , energy , housing , labour/labor , etc.

… OF DEMAND

▪ level

a high level of ~

VERB + DEMAND

▪ accommodate , cope with , fulfil/fulfill , handle , meet , satisfy , supply

The factories are staying open to meet the consumer ~ for this product.

▪ create , drive , generate

It is the job of the marketing manager to create ~ for the new product.

▪ boost , fuel , increase , spur , stimulate

Low interest rates are fuelling/fueling ~ for credit.

▪ reduce

▪ exceed , outstrip

Supply normally exceeds ~ for the bulk of consumer goods.

▪ forecast

It can be difficult to forecast ~ in the construction industry.

DEMAND + VERB

▪ grow , increase , rise

Demand for personal computers has risen sharply.

▪ decline , fall , slow , slow down

As ~ slows, the need to export will return.

▪ exceed , outstrip

In the housing market, ~ is outstripping supply.

PREPOSITION

▪ in ~

These old machines are still in ~.

▪ ~ among

the potential ~ among children

▪ ~ for

increased ~ for health products

▪ ~ from

the ~ from consumers

▪ ~ on

This section of the population makes a high ~ on health-care resources.

PHRASES

▪ supply and ~

the law of supply and ~

3 demands difficult/tiring things you have to do

ADJECTIVE

▪ considerable , enormous , excessive , extra , great , heavy , high , impossible

I think the ~s of this job are excessive.

▪ exacting , pressing

▪ growing , increasing

▪ changing

Teacher training has to evolve to meet the changing ~s of the profession.

▪ competing , conflicting , contradictory

▪ day-to-day , everyday

the day-to-day ~s of the job

▪ external

The person who cannot say no to others' requests is likely to be overwhelmed by external ~s.

▪ economic , emotional , financial , physical , practical , sexual , social , technical

The emotional ~s of the job can be overwhelming.

VERB + DEMANDS

▪ impose , make , place

My elderly parents make a lot of ~s on me.

▪ fulfil/fulfill , respond to

We must prepare children to respond to the ~s of work.

▪ accommodate , cope with , handle

How do they cope with the conflicting ~s of work and family life?

▪ balance , juggle

Juggling the daily ~s of career and family is rewarding, but never easy.

PREPOSITION

▪ ~ on , ~ upon

My work seems to make more and more ~s on my time.

II.

verb

ADVERB

▪ angrily , coldly , furiously , harshly , impatiently , indignantly , irritably , roughly , sharply

‘Where are the keys?’ she ~ed angrily.

▪ loudly

PREPOSITION

▪ from

He had ~ed money from her.

▪ of

They failed to provide the information ~ed of them.

Demand is used with these nouns as the subject: ↑ banner , ↑ campaign , ↑ consumer , ↑ convention , ↑ demonstrator , ↑ etiquette , ↑ fairness , ↑ manifesto , ↑ petition , ↑ protester , ↑ resolution , ↑ situation , ↑ ultimatum , ↑ worker

Demand is used with these nouns as the object: ↑ access , ↑ accountability , ↑ anonymity , ↑ answer , ↑ apology , ↑ assurance , ↑ attention , ↑ ban , ↑ ceasefire , ↑ change , ↑ compensation , ↑ concentration , ↑ concession , ↑ conformity , ↑ cooperation , ↑ crackdown , ↑ custody , ↑ dexterity , ↑ disarmament , ↑ discipline , ↑ effort , ↑ encore , ↑ end , ↑ enquiry , ↑ equality , ↑ excellence , ↑ explanation , ↑ expulsion , ↑ extradition , ↑ guarantee , ↑ halt , ↑ hearing , ↑ improvement , ↑ independence , ↑ intervention , ↑ investigation , ↑ justice , ↑ liberty , ↑ loyalty , ↑ meeting , ↑ obedience , ↑ patience , ↑ payment , ↑ perfection , ↑ precision , ↑ proof , ↑ ransom , ↑ recognition , ↑ reduction , ↑ referendum , ↑ reform , ↑ refund , ↑ regulation , ↑ release , ↑ removal , ↑ repayment , ↑ resignation , ↑ respect , ↑ retribution , ↑ return , ↑ revision , ↑ right , ↑ submission , ↑ surrender , ↑ sympathy , ↑ tactic , ↑ vengeance , ↑ wage , ↑ willingness , ↑ withdrawal

Oxford Collocations English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь словосочетаний .