Meaning of YEAR in English

YEAR

noun

1 period of 12 months; period from January till December

ADJECTIVE

▪ last , past

The chart shows our performance over the past ~.

▪ past , preceding , previous , recent

The event has not proved popular in past ~s.

They had met once the previous ~.

▪ current

▪ given , single

The death rate in any given ~.

I paint the house every single ~.

▪ coming , ensuing , following , future , next , subsequent

We have high hopes for the coming ~.

She died the following ~.

We aim to do even better in future ~s.

▪ consecutive , straight , successive

She won the race for the third successive ~.

▪ alternate

▪ new

We're going skiing early in the new ~.

▪ final ( esp. BrE )

final-year university students

▪ entire , full , whole

▪ long , short

We worked for five long ~s on this project.

▪ 20-odd , 30-odd , etc.

I visited Morocco 20-odd ~s ago.

▪ banner ( AmE ), golden , good , great , happy , profitable

the golden ~s of motoring

▪ big , memorable , momentous

▪ peak , record

a peak ~ for exports

▪ bad , hard , lean , poor , tough

▪ calendar

▪ leap

▪ academic , school

▪ freshman , junior , senior , sophomore ( all in the US )

▪ gap ( BrE )

He was on a gap ~ before going to university.

▪ financial ( BrE ), fiscal ( esp. AmE ), tax ( esp. BrE )

▪ election

▪ sabbatical

He spent his sabbatical ~ doing research in Moscow.

▪ rookie ( AmE , sports )

▪ light ( often figurative )

The new range puts us light ~s ahead of the competition.

VERB + YEAR

▪ spend

He spent last ~ trying to get a new job.

▪ take

It took him ten ~s to qualify as a vet.

▪ celebrate

Next month, they celebrate fifty ~s of marriage.

▪ put on , take off

His wife's death has put ~s on him ( = made him look/feel much older ).

Careful make-up and styling can take ~s off you( = make you look much younger ).

YEAR + VERB

▪ begin , start

▪ end , finish

▪ elapse , go by , pass

A ~ elapsed before I heard from him again.

The last ~ went by in flash.

▪ run from … to … 

The academic ~ runs from October to June.

▪ see sth

That ~ saw the explosion of the Internet.

▪ mark sth

This ~ marks the 10th anniversary of her death.

PREPOSITION

▪ by the ~ … 

The reforms will be fully implemented by the ~ 2007.

▪ during the ~ , over the ~

during the next academic ~

Over the past few ~s, we've made significant changes.

Over the past several ~s, we've made significant changes. ( AmE )

▪ for a/the ~

profit for the current ~ to December 31

We lived there for ten ~s.

▪ in a ~

I hope to retire in a ~/in a year's time.

▪ in a/the ~

in the next tax ~

Britain was invaded in the ~ 1066.

In the past few ~s, she has become one of our top-selling authors.

▪ in ~s

It's the first time we've met in ~s ( = for many years) ).

▪ over a ~ , under a ~

We've been friends for over twenty ~s.

▪ per ~

Over 10 000 people per ~ are injured in this type of accident.

▪ throughout the ~

The global economy means that all types of fruit and vegetables are available throughout the ~.

▪ ~s between … and …  , ~s from … to … 

the boom ~s from 1993 to 2000

▪ ~ of

The book represents three ~s of hard work.

That was in the ~ of the great flood.

PHRASES

▪ after all these ~s , after all those ~s

They're still friends after all these ~s.

▪ all ~ long

I've been waiting for this moment all ~ long.

▪ all the ~ round ( BrE ), all ~ round

The city tour runs all the ~ round.

▪ the beginning of the ~ , the end of the ~ , the middle of the ~ , the start of the ~

▪ be six, etc. ~s of age , be six, etc. ~s old

She's only ten ~s old.

▪ early in the ~ , late in the ~

▪ a time of ~

It's usually much colder at this time of ~.

▪ the turn of the ~ ( esp. BrE )

The team has suffered a loss of form since the turn of the ~.

2 years period of time

ADJECTIVE

▪ intervening

He soon realized that a lot had changed in the intervening ~s.

▪ early , later

the early ~s of the 21st century

In his later ~s, he drifted away from politics.

▪ college , high-school (both AmE )

▪ inter-war , post-war , pre-war , war

The children spent the war ~s with relatives.

▪ childhood , early , formative , teen , teenage , tender

She was born in Spain but spent her formative ~s in Italy.

children of tender ~s

VERB + YEARS

▪ spend

His early ~s were spent in San Francisco.

PREPOSITION

▪ during the … ~s

It happened during the Clinton ~s.

Oxford Collocations English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь словосочетаний .