Meaning of BANK in English

BANK

/ bæŋk; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

FOR MONEY

1.

an organization that provides various financial services, for example keeping or lending money :

My salary is paid directly into my bank.

I need to go to the bank (= the local office of a bank) .

a bank loan

a bank manager

—see also investment bank , merchant bank

IN GAMBLING

2.

a supply of money or things that are used as money in some games, especially those in which gambling is involved

STH COLLECTED / STORED

3.

an amount of sth that is collected; a place where sth is stored ready for use :

a bank of knowledge

a blood / sperm bank

—see also databank

OF RIVER / CANAL

4.

the side of a river, canal , etc. and the land near it :

He jumped in and swam to the opposite bank.

It's on the north bank of the Thames.

a house on the banks of the River Severn (= on land near the river)

SLOPE

5.

a raised area of ground that slopes at the sides, often at the edge of sth or dividing sth :

There were low banks of earth between the rice fields.

The girls ran down the steep grassy bank.

6.

an artificial slope built at the side of a road, so that cars can drive fast around bends

OF CLOUD / SNOW, etc.

7.

a mass of cloud, snow, etc., especially one formed by the wind :

The sun disappeared behind a bank of clouds.

OF MACHINES, etc.

8.

a row or series of similar objects, especially machines :

a bank of lights / switches / computers

IDIOMS

- not break the bank

—more at laugh verb

■ verb

MONEY

1.

[ vn ] to put money into a bank account :

She is believed to have banked (= been paid) £10 million in two years.

2.

[ v ] bank (with / at ... ) to have an account with a particular bank :

The family had banked with Coutts for generations.

OF PLANE

3.

[ v ] to travel with one side higher than the other when turning :

The plane banked steeply to the left.

FORM PILES

4.

[ vn ] bank sth (up) to form sth into piles :

They banked the earth (up) into a mound.

A FIRE

5.

[ vn ] bank sth (up) to pile coal, etc. on a fire so that the fire burns slowly for a long time :

The fire was banked up as high as if it were midwinter.

PHRASAL VERBS

- bank on sb/sth

- bank up

••

WORD ORIGIN

noun senses 4 to 8 and verb senses 3 to 5 Middle English : from Old Norse bakki , of Germanic origin; related to bench . The senses of is set of things in rows from French banc , of the same ultimate origin.

noun senses 1 to 3 and verb senses 1 to 2 late 15th cent. (originally denoting a money dealer's table): from French banque or Italian banca , from medieval Latin banca , bancus , of Germanic origin; related to other senses of bank and bench .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.