Meaning of HAVE in English

HAVE

/ həv; NAmE ; əv; strong form hæv/ verb , auxiliary verb

➡ irregular verbs

■ verb

(In some senses have got is also used, especially in British English.)

OWN / HOLD

1.

(also have got ) [ vn ] (not used in the progressive tenses) to own, hold or possess sth :

He had a new car and a boat.

Have you got a job yet?

I don't have that much money on me.

She's got a BA in English.

CONSIST OF

2.

(also have got ) [ vn ] (not used in the progressive tenses) be made up of :

In 1999 the party had 10 000 members.

QUALITY / FEATURE

3.

(also have got ) (not used in the progressive tenses) to show a quality or feature :

[ vn ]

The ham had a smoky flavour.

The house has gas-fired central heating.

They have a lot of courage.

[ vn - adj ]

He's got a front tooth missing.

4.

(also have got ) [ vn to inf ] (not used in the progressive tenses) to show a particular quality by your actions :

Surely she didn't have the nerve to say that to him?

RELATIONSHIP

5.

(also have got ) [ vn ] (not used in the progressive tenses) used to show a particular relationship :

He's got three children.

Do you have a client named Peters?

STH AVAILABLE

6.

(also have got ) [ vn ] (not used in the progressive tenses) to be able to make use of sth because it is available :

Have you got time to call him?

We have no choice in the matter.

SHOULD / MUST

7.

(also have got ) [ vn ] (not used in the progressive tenses) to be in a position where you ought to do sth :

We have a duty to care for the refugees.

8.

(also have got ) (not used in the progressive tenses) to be in a position of needing to do sth :

[ vn ]

I've got a lot of homework tonight.

[ vn to inf ]

I must go—I have a bus to catch.

HOLD

9.

(also have got ) [ vn + adv. / prep. ] (not used in the progressive tenses) to hold sb/sth in the way mentioned :

She'd got him by the collar.

He had his head in his hands.

PUT / KEEP IN A POSITION

10.

(also have got ) [ vn + adv. / prep. ] (not used in the progressive tenses) to place or keep sth in a particular position :

Mary had her back to me.

I soon had the fish in a net.

FEELING / THOUGHT

11.

(also have got ) [ vn ] (not used in the progressive tenses) to let a feeling or thought come into your mind :

He had the strong impression that someone was watching him.

We've got a few ideas for the title.

( informal )

I've got it! We'll call it 'Word Magic'.

ILLNESS

12.

(also have got ) [ vn ] (not used in the progressive tenses) to suffer from an illness or a disease :

I've got a headache.

EXPERIENCE

13.

[ vn ] to experience sth :

I went to a few parties and had a good time.

I was having difficulty in staying awake.

She'll have an accident one day.

EVENT

14.

[ vn ] to organize or hold an event :

Let's have a party.

EAT / DRINK / SMOKE

15.

[ vn ] to eat, drink or smoke sth :

to have breakfast / lunch / dinner

I'll have the salmon (= for example, in a restaurant) .

I had a cigarette while I was waiting.

DO STH

16.

[ vn ] to perform a particular action :

I had a swim to cool down.

( BrE )

to have a wash / shower / bath

GIVE BIRTH

17.

[ vn ] to give birth to sb/sth :

She's going to have a baby.

EFFECT

18.

[ vn ] to produce a particular effect :

His paintings had a strong influence on me as a student.

The colour green has a restful effect.

RECEIVE

19.

[ vn ] (not usually used in the progressive tenses) to receive sth from sb :

I had a letter from my brother this morning.

Can I have the bill, please?

20.

[ vn ] to be given sth; to have sth done to you :

I'm having treatment for my back problem.

How many driving lessons have you had so far?

21.

(also have got ) [ vn -ing ] (not used in the progressive tenses) to experience the effects of sb's actions :

We have orders coming in from all over the world.

HAVE STH DONE

22.

[ vn ] (used with a past participle) have sth done to suffer the effects of what sb else does to you :

She had her bag stolen.

23.

[ vn ] (used with a past participle) have sth done to cause sth to be done for you by sb else :

You've had your hair cut!

We're having our car repaired.

24.

to tell or arrange for sb to do sth for you :

[ vn inf ]

He had the bouncers throw them out of the club.

( informal )

I'll have you know (= I'm telling you) I'm a black belt in judo.

[ vn + adv. / prep. ]

She's always having the builders in to do something or other.

ALLOW

25.

(used in negative sentences, especially after will not , cannot , etc.) to allow sth; to accept sth without complaining :

[ vn ]

I'm sick of your rudeness—I won't have it any longer!

[ vn -ing ]

We can't have people arriving late all the time.

PUT SB / STH IN A CONDITION

26.

to cause sb/sth to be in a particular state; to make sb react in a particular way :

[ vn - adj ]

I want to have everything ready in good time.

[ vn -ing ]

He had his audience listening attentively.

IN ARGUMENT

27.

(also have got ) [ vn ] ( informal ) (not used in the progressive tenses) to put sb at a disadvantage in an argument :

You've got me there . I hadn't thought of that.

SEX

28.

[ vn ] ( slang ) to have sex with sb :

He had her in his office.

TRICK

29.

[ vn ] [ usually passive ] ( informal ) to trick or cheat sb :

I'm afraid you've been had.

GUESTS

30.

[ vn ] [ no passive ] to take care of sb/sth in your home, especially for a limited period :

We're having the kids for the weekend.

31.

[ vn + adv. / prep. ] [ no passive ] to entertain sb in your home :

We had some friends to dinner last night.

BE WITH

32.

(also have got ) [ vn ] have sb with you (not used in the progressive tenses) to be with sb :

She had some friends with her.

FOR A JOB

33.

[ vn ] [ no passive ] have sb as sth to take or accept sb for a particular role :

Who can we have as treasurer?

IDIOMS

Most idioms containing have are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example have your eye on sb is at eye n.   

- have done with sth

- have had it

- have it off / away (with sb)

- have it (that ... )

- have (got) it / that coming (to you)

- have it in for sb

- have it in you (to do sth)

- have (got) nothing on sb/sth

- not having any

- what have you

PHRASAL VERBS

- have (got) sth against sb/sth

- have sb back

- have sth back

- have (got) sth in

- have sb on

- have (got) sth on

- have (got) sth on sb

- have sth out

- have sth out (with sb)

- have sb up (for sth)

■ auxiliary verb

used with the past participle to form perfect tenses :

I've finished my work.

He's gone home, hasn't he?

'Have you seen it?' 'Yes, I have / No, I haven't.'

She'll have had the results by now.

Had they left before you got there?

If I hadn't seen it with my own eyes I wouldn't have believed it.

( formal )

Had I known that (= if I had known that) I would never have come.

••

BRITISH / AMERICAN

have you got / do you have

Have got is the usual verb in BrE to show possession, etc. in positive statements in the present tense, in negative statements and in questions:

They've got a wonderful house.

We haven't got a television.

Have you got a meeting today?

Questions and negative statements formed with do are also common:

Do you have any brothers and sisters?

We don't have a car

.

Have is also used but is more formal:

I have no objection to your request.

Have you an appointment?

Some expressions with have are common even in informal language:

I'm sorry, I haven't a clue.

In the past tense had is used in positive statements. In negatives and questions, forms with did have are usually used:

They had a wonderful house.

We didn't have much time.

Did she have her husband with her?

In NAmE have and forms with do / does / did are the usual way to show possession, etc. in positive statements, negatives and questions:

They have a wonderful house.

We don't have a television.

Do you have a meeting today?

Have got is not used in questions, but is used in positive statements, especially to emphasize that somebody has one thing rather than another:

'Does your brother have brown hair?' 'No, he's got blond hair.'

In both BrE and NAmE have and forms with do / does and did are used when you are referring to a habit or routine:

We don't often have time to talk.

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English habban , of Germanic origin; related to Dutch hebben and German haben , also probably to heave .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.