Meaning of ROCKET in English

ROCKET

/ ˈrɒkɪt; NAmE ˈrɑːkɪt/ noun , verb

■ noun

1.

[ C ] a spacecraft in the shape of a tube that is driven by a stream of gases let out behind it when fuel is burned inside :

a space rocket

The rocket was launched in March 1980.

The idea took off like a rocket (= it immediately became popular) .

2.

[ C ] a missile (= a weapon that travels through the air) that carries a bomb and is driven by a stream of burning gases :

a rocket attack

3.

[ C ] a firework that goes high into the air and then explodes with coloured lights

4.

[ U ] ( BrE ) ( NAmE aru·gula ) a plant with long green leaves that have a strong flavour and are eaten raw in salads

IDIOMS

- to give sb a rocket | to get a rocket

■ verb

1.

[ v ] to increase very quickly and suddenly

SYN shoot up :

rocketing prices

Unemployment has rocketed up again.

The total has rocketed from 376 to 532.

2.

[ v + adv. / prep. ] to move very fast :

The car rocketed out of a side street.

3.

to achieve or to make sb/sth achieve a successful position very quickly :

[ v ]

The band rocketed to stardom with their first single.

[also vn ]

4.

[ vn ] to attack a place with rockets

••

WORD ORIGIN

noun senses 1 to 3 and verb early 17th cent.: from French roquette , from Italian rocchetto , diminutive of rocca distaff (for spinning), with reference to its cylindrical shape.

noun sense 4 late 15th cent.: from French roquette , from Italian ruchetta , diminutive of ruca , from Latin eruca downy-stemmed plant.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.