Meaning of ROCKET in English

ROCKET

1. n. & v.

--n.

1. a cylindrical projectile that can be propelled to a great height or distance by combustion of its contents, used esp. as a firework or signal.

2 an engine using a similar principle but not dependent on air intake for its operation.

3 a rocket-propelled missile, spacecraft, etc.

4 Brit. sl. a severe reprimand.

--v. (rocketed, rocketing)

1. tr. bombard with rockets.

2 intr. a move rapidly upwards or away. b increase rapidly (prices rocketed).

Etymology: F roquette f. It. rochetto dimin. of rocca ROCK(2), with ref. to its cylindrical shape 2. n.1 (also sweet rocket) any of various fast-growing plants, esp. of the genus Hesperis or Sisymbrium.

2 a cruciferous annual plant, Eruca sativa, grown for salad.

Phrases and idioms:

wall-rocket a yellow-flowered weed, Diplotaxis muralis, emitting a foul smell when crushed. yellow rocket winter cress.

Etymology: F roquette f. It. rochetta, ruchetta dimin. of ruca f. L eruca downy-stemmed plant

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.