Meaning of CHIMNEY in English

CHIMNEY

I. ˈchimnē, -ni noun

( -s )

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French cheminée, from Late Latin caminata, from Latin caminus furnace, fireplace, from Greek kaminos; akin to Greek kamara vault — more at chamber

1. dialect : fireplace , hearth — compare chimney corner

2.

a. : a vertical structure incorporated into a building and enclosing a flue or flues that carry off smoke or other undesirable fumes or gases ; especially : the part of such a structure extending above a roof — compare chimney breast

b. : a pipelike more or less vertical natural vent or opening in the earth:

(1) : the conduit of a volcano

(2) : a passage or shaft in the roof or floor of a cave

(3) : a moulin of small diameter

c. : a columnar geological erosion feature that is smaller than a stack on a wave-cut platform

3. Britain : the smokestack of a locomotive

4.

a. : a tube usually of glass and usually shaped placed around a flame (as of a lamp) to serve as a shield and to create a draft and promote combustion

b. : a glass shield made to resemble or resembling such a tube and enclosing an electric light

5. : a steep and very narrow cleft or gully in the face of a cliff or mountain

6. : a small tube through the top of a stopped metal pipe of an organ permitting air to escape to sharpen the pitch

7. : a vertical or steeply inclined shoot of roughly columnar shape in a body of ore

II. transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

: to climb (a chimney) in mountaineering by the use of body pressure against the sides

III. noun

: a tall column of rock on the ocean floor that is formed by the precipitation of minerals from superheated water issuing from a vent in the earth's crust and rising through the column of rock

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.