Meaning of COLLECT in English

COLLECT

I. ˈkälikt, -(ˌ)lekt noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English collecte, from Old French, from Medieval Latin collecta (short for oratio ad collectam prayer upon assembly), from Late Latin, assembly, from Latin, collection, assemblage, from feminine of collectus, past participle of colligere to collect, from com- + -ligere (from legere to gather) — more at legend

1. : a short prayer comprising an invocation, petition, and conclusion ; specifically often capitalized : one preceding the Eucharistic epistle and varying with the day

2.

[Middle English collecte, from Latin collecta ]

archaic : collection , gathering

3.

[probably from collect (II) ]

dialect : a place where water collects : sinkhole

II. kəˈlekt verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English, adjective, collected, from Latin collectus

transitive verb

1.

a. : to bring together into a band, group, assortment, or mass : gather

collect an army

collect all the available chairs

collecting facts about immigration

b. : to receive, gather, or exact from a number of persons or other sources

the Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived — U.S. Constitution

c. : to serve as a point of attraction or focus for (a crowd or accumulation)

a positive genius for collecting impossible people — Ngaio Marsh

2. : infer , deduce , conclude

he collects our destination from the way in which things appear to have gone in the past 150 years — Times Literary Supplement

I collect thou art to be my fatal enemy — John Milton

3. : to regain control of : gather or summon up : overcome distraction of

they were excited and unsteady and … required time to collect themselves — J.A.Froude

collect his thoughts, before setting to work, in a quiet room — Laurence Binyon

4. : to bring together especially in accordance with a principle of selection or an informative or profitable end : come to own as a collection or part of a collection : include as part of one's experience

a volume of 122 ballads … which he had collected in the mountains — American Guide Series: North Carolina

having spent some months in successfully collecting and arranging my materials — Mary W. Shelley

in the matter of collecting books — I mean owning them — J.C.Powys

I tried to collect lakes — O.S.J.Gogarty

5.

a. : to bring (a saddle horse) into a state of collection by use of the aids

b. of a horse : to bring (himself) into a state of collection — compare extend

6.

a. : to claim and receive in payment or fair recompense

unable to collect his wife's retirement benefits

collecting social security payments

b. : to present as due and receive payment for

collect a bill

c. : to call for : pick up : take or bring with one : escort

waited only long enough to collect a letter of introduction — Harvey Graham

collect his girl and bring her in to the cinema — F.T.B.Macartney

7. : to unite (two or more lines of fire hose) to form a more powerful jet of water

intransitive verb

1. : to come together in a band or group : form into or as if into a crowd

crowds of folk used to collect on the beach to see the fun — Norman Douglas

2. : form a layer, heap, or mass : accumulate

dust collects on the furniture

junk will collect in the attic

3.

a. : to collect matter or objects

the botanists were out collecting in full force

b. : to receive payment, remuneration, or other return — often used with on

collecting on his insurance

Synonyms: see gather

III. adverb (or adjective)

: to be paid for by the receiver

send the package collect

a collect telephone call

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.