Meaning of GIFT in English

I. ˈgift noun

( -s )

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: Middle English, from Old Norse gift, gipt; akin to Old English & Old High German gift, Gothic fra gifts bestowal, betrothal; derivative from the root of Old English giefan to give — more at give

1. : a special or notable capacity, talent, or endowment either inherent, acquired, or given by a deity

whatever physical gifts she may have are carefully cultivated — Lafcadio Hearn

a sense for mathematics … is mainly a gift of the gods — Bertrand Russell

a gift for pungent satire

sight reading is an acquired gift

2. : something that is voluntarily transferred by one person to another without compensation: as


(1) : a legal alienation with respect to real estate

(2) : the conveyance of an estate tail as distinguished from a feoffment or from a demise or lease

(3) : a voluntary transfer of real or personal property without any consideration or without a valuable consideration — distinguished from sale

b. Christian religion : one of the communion elements of bread and wine

the Mass of the Presanctified gifts

c. : the point given in the game of seven-up to the eldest hand if he begs and the dealer insists upon the turnup for trump

3. : the act, right, or power of giving or bestowing

the office is not in his gift

4. dialect England : a white speck on the fingernail which is supposed to portend a present


faculty , aptitude , talent , genius , bent , knack : gift indicates a special capacity inherent in one that facilitates doing, accomplishing, or knowing

their excellent strategy and their gift for intrigue which brought many Indian tribes to their assistance — R.W.Murray

anyone who happens to be blessed or cursed with the gift of humor — Sidney Alexander

faculty in this sense simply indicates any distinct capacity or ability to do or accomplish; it lacks the connotative power of many of the others in this group

there was mental faculty in those pliable brows to see through, and combat, an unwitting Wise Youth — George Meredith

they … recover warmth and animation after the creative faculty has revived them — Ellen Glasgow

aptitude may imply a natural liking for or an inherent potential ability at, without, however, implying anything more than promise

many women … have no aptitude for domestic work — G.B.Shaw

evidence is growing that the feminine mind has a special aptitude for detective fiction — Times Literary Supplement

talent indicates an inherent ability and may suggest an endowment which one should develop, a capacity for effective, facile execution or accomplishment, a less exalted power of accomplishment than is indicated by genius

he had … but to go forward to be supreme as soon as his talent could develop its full effect — Hilaire Belloc

a surpassing talent for improvisation, an ability to call forth genius to flesh out his dreams — Henry Wallace

what Goethe did really say was “the greatest talent ”, not the “the greatest genius ”. The difference is important because, while talent gives the notion of power in a man's performance, genius gives rather the notion of felicity and perfection in it — Matthew Arnold

genius may indicate a strong aptitude for a particular matter, an aptitude ensuring successful execution

has a genius for saying new and suprising things about old subjects — Aldous Huxley

More generally, genius is likely to designate a superior transcendent combination of intelligence, vision, and creative or interpretative power

whose practical sense equaled his intuitive genius — Henry Adams

a really great and successful writer must have a good deal of talent as well as a good deal of genius — J.W.Krutch

bent indicates an inherent inclination to some study or activity which militates toward successful execution

he early showed a bent for journalism, and the year after he reached his majority … he became editor — W.B.Shaw

knack may imply a ready dexterity or adroitness in execution hard to analyze, a dexterity independent of any great mental power

improvision was his knack and forte; he wrote rapidly and much — sometimes an entire novel in a month — Carl Van Doren

II. transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

1. : to endow with some power, quality, or attribute : invest

the Lord gifted him with the power of forceful speech


a. chiefly Britain : to make a gift of

gifted the money in memory of his uncle — British Agric. Bulletin

I hear Her Excellency's gifted the land — Kamala Markandaya

b. : to present with a gift : present

generously gifted us with a copy — Saturday Review

gifted his parents with a television set — Sydney (Australia) Sunday Telegraph

gifted her with a large heart-shaped diamond — Louella Parsons

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.