Meaning of RIDGE in English

RIDGE

I. ˈrij noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English rigge, from Old English hrycg; akin to Old High German hrukki back, spine, mountain ridge, Old Norse hryggr back, spine, mountain ridge, Latin cruc-, crux stake used for punishment, cross, Sanskrit kruñcati it curves, Latin curvus curved — more at crown

1.

a. obsolete : the back or backbone of a man or an animal

b. : the projecting or elevated part of the back along the line of the backbone

c. : an elevated body part projecting from a surface

the urogenital ridge

2.

a. : a range of hills or mountains or the upper part of such a range : an extended elevation between valleys

b. : an elongate elevation on an ocean bottom

3. : a top or upper part especially when long and narrow : crest

4.

a. : a raised line or strip (as of ground thrown up by a plow between furrows)

b. : beach ridge

c. : a small raised line on the surface of metal, cloth, or bone

5.

a. : the line of intersection at the top between the opposite slopes or sides of a roof

b. : a shingle, tile, or slate adjacent to the ridge of a roof

c. : the horizontal beam to which the upper ends of the rafters of a roof are fixed : ridgepole

d. : the internal angle of a vault

6. : either of the two projections of a bound book parallel to the joint and formed by the bend put in the sections in the backing operation — called also shoulder

7. : a wedge-shaped extension of a high-pressure area — opposed to trough

8. : the upper part of the narrow posterior end of the body of a whale

9. : the raised knitting pattern formed by garter stitch made by two rows of knit stitch

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

transitive verb

1. : to form into a ridge : furnish or mark with ridges

2.

a. : to plow alternate strips in by turning the furrow onto an unplowed strip

b. : to throw soil toward (a crop row) from both sides

ridged his corn

c. : to spade or plow (ground) into alternate ridges and troughs

if low lands must be used for the bean crop, they should be ridged — E.V.Wilcox

intransitive verb

: to form into or become marked with ridges : extend in ridges

the land ridges northward

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.