Meaning of SLUMP in English


I. ˈsləmp verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: probably of Scandinavian origin; akin to Norwegian slumpa to fall, fall upon, Danish slumpe to stumble, fall upon, chance upon; akin to Low German slump marsh, slime, Latin labi to slide, slip, fall — more at sleep

intransitive verb


a. : to fall or sink suddenly

ice cracked and he slumped through

b. : to drop suddenly : fall in a heap : slide down : collapse

he slumped to the floor with hardly a murmur — Phoenix Flame

slipped on the parquet and slumped headlong — Richard Llewellyn

2. : to assume an awkwardly drooping posture or carriage

slumped onto the leather davenport — J.A.Michener

she walks slowly … slumping at the waist — Constance Walsh

3. : to fall off : decline , sag

begins to make a place for himself and then … suddenly slumps — Edmund Fuller

sales slump badly in certain territories — E.H.Shanks


a. : to slip or settle down

rock or earth slumps in a landslide or above a rock that is undergoing solution

b. : to settle slightly and spread out

concrete or mortar will slump when the form is removed

transitive verb

: to cause a slump in (a market)

Synonyms: see fall

II. “, ˈslu̇mp noun

( -s )

Etymology: Low German, marsh, slime

dialect Britain : a marshy or boggy place

III. ˈsləmp noun

( -s )

Etymology: Low German; akin to Frisian slompe lump, slump, Dutch slomp

chiefly Scotland : a sizable group or quantity : lump , bulk

IV. transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

chiefly Scotland : to classify or consider together : lump

slumping the … candidates together — Scots Magazine

V. noun

( -s )

Etymology: slump (I)


a. : a marked decline or falling off (as in prices, activity, vigor) : drop , sag

a slump in theater attendance

fear a slump in the party vote

a period of moral slump — S.H.Adams

the normal seasonal slump in tuna deliveries — Wall Street Journal

b. : a sustained decline in economic activity or in prices : depression

a worldwide slump

a slump in the wheat market

the great waste of booms and slumps of the business cycle — Will Irwin

lost all his money in the slump — Dorothy Sayers

c. : a period of poor or losing play by a team or individual competitor in a sport : a losing streak

one spring I was in a batting slump — Ted Williams

came out of its scoring slump and won the consolation game — Ice Hockey Guide

2. : the number of inches that a mass of concrete settles after the removal of a cone-shaped metal form into which the fresh concrete has been placed in three layers — see slump test

3. : a fall or downward slide (as of earth or rock) : landslide

4. chiefly New England : a dessert made by dropping biscuit dough on cooking fruit

apple slump

blueberry slump

— compare grunt 3

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.