Meaning of BUM in English


bum 1

/bum/ , n. , v. , bummed, bumming , adj., bummer, bummest .


1. a person who avoids work and sponges on others; loafer; idler.

2. a tramp, hobo, or derelict.

3. Informal. an enthusiast of a specific sport or recreational activity, esp. one who gives it priority over work, family life, etc.: a ski bum; a tennis bum.

4. Informal. an incompetent person.

5. a drunken orgy; debauch.

6. on the bum , Informal.

a. living or traveling as or in a manner suggesting that of a hobo or tramp.

b. in a state of disrepair or disorder: The oven is on the bum again.


7. Informal. to borrow without expectation of returning; get for nothing; cadge: He's always bumming cigarettes from me.

8. Slang. to ruin or spoil: The weather bummed our whole weekend.


9. to sponge on others for a living; lead an idle or dissolute life.

10. to live as a hobo.

11. bum around , Informal. to travel, wander, or spend one's time aimlessly: We bummed around for a couple of hours after work.

12. bum (someone) out , Slang. to disappoint, upset, or annoy: It really bummed me out that she could have helped and didn't.

adj. Slang.

13. of poor, wretched, or miserable quality; worthless.

14. disappointing; unpleasant.

15. erroneous or ill-advised; misleading: That tip on the stock market was a bum steer.

16. lame: a bum leg.

[ 1860-65, Amer.; perh. shortening of or back formation from BUMMER 1 ; adj. senses of unclear relation to sense "loafer" and perh. of distinct orig. ]

Syn. 2. vagabond, vagrant.

bum 2

/bum/ , n. Chiefly Brit. Slang.

the buttocks; rump.

[ 1350-1400; ME bom; of uncert. orig. ]

bum 3

/bum/ , n. Mil. Slang.

1. a reproduction of a document made with copying equipment.

2. a bag into which classified waste is put in preparation for destruction.

[ perh. as shortening of BUMF or bumfodder; def. 2 presumably as shortening of bum bag ]

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .