Meaning of ROUGH in English

ROUGH

transcription, транскрипция: [ rʌf ]

( rougher, roughest, roughs, roughing, roughed)

Frequency: The word is one of the 3000 most common words in English.

1.

If a surface is rough , it is uneven and not smooth.

His hands were rough and calloused, from years of karate practice...

≠ smooth

ADJ

• rough‧ness

She rested her cheek against the roughness of his jacket.

N-UNCOUNT

2.

You say that people or their actions are rough when they use too much force and not enough care or gentleness.

Rugby’s a rough game at the best of times...

≠ gentle

ADJ

• rough‧ly

A hand roughly pushed him aside.

ADV

• rough‧ness

He regretted his roughness.

N-UNCOUNT

3.

A rough area, city, school, or other place is unpleasant and dangerous because there is a lot of violence or crime there.

It was quite a rough part of our town.

ADJ

4.

If you say that someone has had a rough time, you mean that they have had some difficult or unpleasant experiences.

All women have a rough time in our society...

= tough

ADJ : usu ADJ n

5.

If you feel rough , you feel ill. ( BRIT INFORMAL )

The virus won’t go away and the lad is still feeling a bit rough.

ADJ : v-link ADJ

6.

A rough calculation or guess is approximately correct, but not exact.

We were only able to make a rough estimate of how much fuel would be required...

= approximate

ADJ : usu ADJ n

• rough‧ly

Gambling and tourism pay roughly half the entire state budget...

= approximately

ADV : ADV with cl / group

7.

If you give someone a rough idea, description, or drawing of something, you indicate only the most important features, without much detail.

I’ve got a rough idea of what he looks like...

ADJ

• rough‧ly

He knew roughly what was about to be said...

Roughly speaking, a scientific humanist is somebody who believes in science and in humanity but not in God.

ADV : ADV with cl / group , ADV after v

8.

You can say that something is rough when it is not neat and well made.

...a rough wooden table.

ADJ

• rough‧ly

Roughly chop the tomatoes and add them to the casserole.

ADV : ADV with v

9.

If the sea or the weather at sea is rough , the weather is windy or stormy and there are very big waves.

A fishing vessel and a cargo ship collided in rough seas.

≠ calm

ADJ

10.

When people sleep or live rough , they sleep out of doors, usually because they have no home. ( BRIT )

It makes me so sad when I see young people begging or sleeping rough on the streets.

ADV : ADV after v

11.

If you have to rough it, you have to live without the possessions and comforts that you normally have.

You won’t be roughing it; each room comes equipped with a telephone and a 3-channel radio.

VERB : V it

12.

rough justice: see justice

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Английский словарь Коллинз COBUILD для изучающих язык на продвинутом уровне.