Meaning of AREA in English

AREA

INDEX:

an area of the world, a country, a surface etc

1. an area of the world or a country

2. an area in or around a town or city

3. the area around a building or place

4. an area used for a particular purpose

5. a large area of land

6. an empty area

7. an area belonging to a country or person

8. an area that is part of a surface

an area of knowledge, activity, or responsibility

9. an area of knowledge, duties, study etc

RELATED WORDS

see also

↑ SPACE

↑ PLACE

↑ LAND/GROUND

↑ COUNTRY

↑ TOWN

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1. an area of the world or a country

▷ area /ˈe ə riə/ [countable noun]

an area of land that is part of the world or part of a country :

▪ Police think the crime was committed by someone from outside the area.

area of

▪ There is a shortage of water in many areas of the world.

▪ Hannah grew up in a beautiful area of Ireland.

somebody’s area

the area where someone lives

▪ The cost of electricity has risen in our area.

▷ region /ˈriːdʒ ə n/ [countable noun]

a large area that is part of a country or of the world :

▪ There have been reports of fighting in the region.

region of

▪ For several years they lived in a remote region of Kenya.

▪ Severe winter weather is expected in the northeast region of the country.

▷ zone /zəʊn/ [countable noun]

an area that is in some way special or different from the areas around it, for example because it has a particular type of problem :

▪ San Francisco and Tokyo are both located in earthquake zones.

▪ Half of the community lies in a flood zone.

war/battle zone

▪ UN troops are unwilling to enter the battle zone.

▷ country /ˈkʌntri/ [uncountable noun]

an area of land that is of a particular type or that is used for a particular activity, lived in by particular people etc :

▪ The Midwest is largely farming country.

▪ Not many people live in the hill country any more.

▷ locality /ləʊˈkælɪti, ləʊˈkæləti/ [countable noun] formal

a small area of a country :

▪ In some localities the price of housing has risen by more than fifty percent in the last decade.

▪ The city council is responsible for providing police protection in each locality.

2. an area in or around a town or city

▷ area /ˈe ə riə/ [countable noun]

an area in or around a town or city :

area of

▪ The family lives in Roxbury, a working-class area of Boston.

poor/rich area

▪ Raul grew up in a poor area of Buenos Aires.

▷ district /ˈdɪstrɪkt/ [countable noun]

one of the areas that a town or city is officially divided into, or one of the areas of a town or city where a particular group of people live or a particular activity happens :

district of

▪ Their apartment is in the Chongwen district of Peking.

business/financial/historical etc district

▪ Blaine works in the financial district.

▷ neighbourhood British /neighborhood American /ˈneɪbəʳhʊd/ [countable noun]

one of the parts of a town or city :

▪ The Cranstons live in a very wealthy neighbourhood.

neighbourhood of

▪ I grew up in a quiet neighborhood of Birmingham.

in the neighbourhood/neighborhood

▪ Are there any good restaurants in the neighborhood?

▷ quarter /ˈkwɔːʳtəʳ/ [countable noun]

an area in a town or city that is lived in by people of a particular type or nationality :

quarter of

▪ We rented a house in the Creole quarter of New Orleans.

▪ The Dahdah palace is in the old Jewish quarter of Damascus.

▷ zone /zəʊn/ [countable noun]

part of a city that is officially divided from other parts because it is of a particular type :

residential/commercial zone

▪ This is a residential zone -- no commercial buildings are allowed.

pedestrian zone

a zone where cars, motorcycles etc are not allowed

▪ Most of the town centre is now a pedestrian zone.

▷ block /blɒkǁblɑːk/ [countable noun] especially American

a group of buildings in a city, with four streets around it - often used as a way of talking about distances in the city :

▪ She lived three blocks away from me when we were kids.

▪ Many of the families on our block are Hispanic-Americans.

▷ suburb /ˈsʌbɜːʳb/ [countable noun]

an area away from the centre of a city, where people live, especially an area where there are houses with gardens :

suburb of

▪ Amy teaches at a primary school in a suburb of Atlanta.

the suburbs

▪ My family moved to the suburbs when I was ten.

▷ precinct /ˈpriːsɪŋkt/ [countable noun] American

an area in an American town or city that is officially divided from other parts and that has its own police department etc :

▪ the fourteenth precinct

▪ The mayor has lost support in many precincts of the city.

3. the area around a building or place

▷ surroundings /səˈraʊndɪŋz/ [plural noun]

the objects, buildings, natural things etc that are around a building, around the place where you live, work etc :

▪ The house is set in beautiful surroundings near Lake Coniston.

▪ The mountaintop provides a spectacular view of Innsbruck and its surroundings.

▪ It took me a few weeks to get used to my new surroundings.

▷ surrounding area /səˌraʊndɪŋ ˈe ə riə/ [countable noun]

the area around a building, street, city etc :

▪ The city is not very attractive, but the surrounding area is lovely.

▪ Police are still searching the town and surrounding areas for the child.

4. an area used for a particular purpose

▷ area /ˈe ə riə/ [countable noun]

an area in a house, garden, office etc that is used for a particular purpose, although it is not completely separate :

▪ Their apartment has a large kitchen area.

▪ The boat has a sleeping area at one end.

smoking/non-smoking area

▪ There’s a smoking area behind the building.

▷ lot /lɒtÛlɑːt/ [countable noun] American

an area outdoors that is used for a particular purpose, for example selling a particular type of thing :

▪ The car stopped outside a used-car lot at the end of the street.

parking lot

for parking cars

5. a large area of land

▷ expanse /ɪkˈspæns/ [countable noun]

a large continuous area of land, water, or sky :

expanse of

▪ We traveled across a broad expanse of desert.

vast expanse

extremely large area

▪ the vast expanse of the Pacific Ocean

▷ stretch /stretʃ/ [countable noun]

an area of land or water, especially one that is long and narrow :

stretch of

▪ an empty stretch of highway

▪ The stretch of coastline between Barcelona and the French border is called the Costa Brava.

▷ tract /trækt/ [countable noun usually plural]

a very large area of land of a particular type, for example, an area of forest or farming country :

vast/huge/large tracts of something

▪ Vast tracts of Brazilian rain forest continue to be cut down every year.

▪ There are large tracts of vacant land near the river, which could be used for farming.

6. an empty area

▷ space /speɪs/ [countable noun]

a small empty area which is available for you to sit down in, stand in, leave your car in, etc :

▪ There’s a space over there by the bar where we can sit down.

▪ I couldn’t find an empty space in the car park.

▷ clearing /ˈklɪ ə rɪŋ/ [countable noun]

a small empty area of land in the middle of a forest or wood, especially where the trees have been cut down :

▪ A small deer stood on the edge of the clearing.

▪ In the clearing, there was a small cottage.

▷ vacant lot /ˌveɪkənt ˈlɒtǁ-ˈlɑːt/ [countable noun] American

an empty outdoor area in a town or city where nothing has been built yet and that is not being used for any particular purpose at the moment :

▪ A bunch of kids were playing basketball in a vacant lot.

▪ With real estate prices rising, vacant lots in the area are selling for as much as $75,000.

7. an area belonging to a country or person

▷ territory /ˈterɪt ə ri, ˈterət ə riǁ-tɔːri/ [countable/uncountable noun]

an area that officially belongs to a particular country, or an area that a person, group, or animal controls and will defend against others :

▪ The island of Guam is a US territory.

▪ Many birds will attack other birds that enter their territory.

▪ a salesman’s territory

neutral territory

an area which no-one controls

▪ The negotiations will be held on neutral territory.

▷ turf /tɜːʳf/ [uncountable noun]

the area that a person or group controls and defends against anyone competing for it :

▪ Ten years ago the city was paralyzed by gang battles over turf.

▷ patch /pætʃ/ [countable noun usually singular] British informal

the area that someone controls or is responsible for :

▪ Detective McCready had taken over; he didn’t want us on his patch.

8. an area that is part of a surface

▷ area /ˈe ə riə/ [countable noun]

part of a surface that has a particular size or shape :

▪ There were several damp areas on the living room ceiling.

area of

▪ After an hour’s work, I had only cleaned a small area of the carpet.

▷ patch /pætʃ/ [countable noun]

a small area that is different from the parts around it :

▪ a white kitten with black patches

patch of

▪ I noticed a patch of dirt in the middle of the rug.

damp/dirty/icy etc patch

▪ The car hit an icy patch on the road and went out of control.

▷ spot /spɒtǁspɑːt/ [countable noun]

a small area that has been changed, especially because it is damaged or dirty, and looks different :

▪ Do you mind cleaning the grease spots behind the stove?

▪ Oh no, I’ve got a spot on my new shirt!

9. an area of knowledge, duties, study etc

▷ area /ˈe ə riə/ [countable noun]

an area of knowledge, activity, or responsibility :

▪ They fund research in areas like information technology.

area of

▪ The President has won new support because of his reforms in the areas of health and education.

▪ Nordstrom does research in the area of heart disease.

▷ field /fiːld/ [countable noun]

a subject or area of study, especially one that you know a lot about :

▪ Keith has a degree in engineering, but couldn’t find a job in his field.

the field

▪ Laycock is one of the most brilliant psychiatrists in the field.

field of

▪ There are good employment opportunities in the field of healthcare, particularly nursing.

▷ branch /brɑːntʃǁbræntʃ/ [countable noun]

one part of a large area of study or knowledge :

branch of

▪ Trigonometry is a branch of mathematics.

▪ He’s interested in the branch of international law that deals with war crimes.

▷ world /wɜːʳld/ [countable noun usually singular]

an area of activity or work - use this especially when talking about all the people who work in that area :

business/fashion/hi-tech etc world

▪ Jaffrii is now one of the richest and most successful men in the business world.

▪ the fashion world

the world of something

▪ the fast-paced world of technology

▷ domain /dəˈmeɪn, dəʊ-/ [countable noun] formal

an area of activity, interest, or knowledge to which something belongs :

▪ The abortion issue has shifted from the political to the religious domain.

male/female domain

▪ In the US, manual labor remains a male domain.

▷ realm /relm/ [countable noun] formal

a general area of thought, interest, or knowledge :

▪ the spiritual realm

the realm of something

▪ new discoveries in the realm of science

▷ sphere /sfɪəʳ/ [countable noun]

an area of activity, interest, knowledge etc, especially one that people consider should be respected or admired :

▪ Mitchell’s greatest achievements have been in the diplomatic sphere.

in scientific/political etc spheres

▪ She has a solid reputation in scientific spheres.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .