Meaning of BODY in English

BODY

INDEX:

1. the body of a person or animal

2. the shape, size, or strength of a person’s body

3. a part of the body

4. the body of a dead person or animal

5. relating to the body

RELATED WORDS

see also

↑ FAT

↑ THIN

↑ TALL

↑ STRONG

↑ WEAK

↑ HEALTHY/UNHEALTHY

↑ DISABLED

↑ EXERCISE

↑ MOVE/NOT MOVE

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1. the body of a person or animal

▷ body /ˈbɒdiǁˈbɑːdi/ [countable noun]

your body is your head, arms, chest, waist, legs, feet, and all the other physical parts of you :

▪ By the time I got home my body ached all over and I knew I was getting the flu.

▪ If you don’t start taking care of your body, you’re going to have a heart attack one of these days.

the human body

▪ There are over 1000 muscles in the human body.

2. the shape, size, or strength of a person’s body

▷ body /ˈbɒdiǁˈbɑːdi/ [countable noun]

the shape, size, and appearance of someone’s body :

▪ Calvin was not happy with his body, no matter how much he exercised.

▪ Jane Fonda has an amazing body for a woman of her age.

▷ build /bɪld/ [singular noun]

the natural size and shape of someone’s body :

▪ You’re exactly the right build for a rugby player -- you’ve got good strong broad shoulders.

▪ He looks rather like me -- we both have the same build.

of medium/slim/large/small etc build

▪ The man the police are looking for is about thirty years old, blond, and of medium build.

▷ figure /ˈfɪgəʳǁˈfɪgjər/ [countable noun usually singular]

the shape of someone’s body, especially a woman’s body :

▪ When she was younger, Margaret was good-looking and charming, and had a lovely figure.

▪ Susie wore a close-fitting black dress which made the most of her figure.

keep your figure

keep your body an attractive shape

▪ She eats enormous meals but still manages to keep her figure.

get your figure back

make your body an attractive shape again after having a baby etc

▪ Exercise and a sensible diet will help you get your figure back after having a baby.

▷ physique /fɪˈziːk, fəˈziːk/ [singular noun]

the shape of someone’s body, especially a man’s body - used especially to say how strong they look :

▪ William was tall and handsome and had a slim, muscular physique.

▪ Brad had a superb physique and the looks of a young Marlon Brando.

3. a part of the body

▷ part of the body /ˌpɑːʳt əv ðə ˈbɒdiǁ-ˈbɑːdi/ [noun phrase]

▪ The cancer may have spread to other parts of her body.

▪ More heat is lost through the head than through any other part of the body.

▪ Each exercise is designed to build up muscles in a different part of your body.

▷ body /ˈbɒdiǁˈbɑːdi/ [countable noun]

someone’s body, not including the head, legs, or arms :

▪ Mr Price’s long body and short arms and legs gave him a rather strange appearance.

▪ The black widow spider has red-orange markings on its body.

▪ Baby monkeys cling to their mothers’ bodies until they are old enough to start climbing by themselves.

▷ torso /ˈtɔːʳsəʊ/ [countable noun]

the main part of a person’s body, but not including the head, arms, or legs :

▪ Kevin liked to walk around the house in nothing but a pair of jeans, showing off his muscular torso.

▪ The search led to the discovery of a headless torso in the woods.

▷ limb /lɪm/ [countable noun] formal

an arm or a leg :

▪ When babies are born they have very little control over their limbs.

▪ Hundreds of children have lost limbs after stepping on mines.

▪ The calf stood up slowly, with trembling limbs and took its first, uncertain steps.

▷ organ /ˈɔːʳgən/ [countable noun]

a part of a body, for example the heart or lungs, that does a particular job :

▪ The liver is an extremely complex organ.

▪ This diagram shows the position of the main organs of speech.

vital organs

the most important organs such as the heart

▪ Her vital organs are intact and she has a good chance of recovery.

4. the body of a dead person or animal

▷ body /ˈbɒdiǁˈbɑːdi/ [countable noun]

the body of someone who has recently died :

▪ Police found the body of a young boy in Epping Forest last night.

▪ The woman fell to her knees beside her son’s body and began crying and wailing.

▪ The bodies of the two soldiers were buried with full military honors at Arlington National Cemetery.

dead body

▪ The first time I ever saw a dead body was at my grandfather’s funeral.

▷ corpse /kɔːʳps/ [countable noun]

the body of a dead person, used when you consider the body as an object and not as a person :

▪ Thieves are digging up corpses in order to steal jewellery and gold teeth.

▪ The streets were filled with the stench of decaying corpses.

▷ remains /rɪˈmeɪnz/ [plural noun]

the parts of someone’s body that remain after they die, especially after their body has been dead for a long time :

▪ They found the remains of a young woman under the floor boards.

▪ These rocks contain the fossilised remains of extinct animals.

▪ The architect’s remains are interred in St Paul’s cathedral.

▷ ashes /ˈæʃɪz, ˈæʃəz/ [plural noun]

the white powder that is left after a body has been burned as part of a funeral ceremony :

▪ They burned Gandhi’s body and scattered the ashes on the waters of the Jumna river.

▪ Kay kept her father’s ashes in an urn on the mantelpiece.

5. relating to the body

▷ physical /ˈfɪzɪk ə l/ [adjective]

relating to the body, not the mind :

▪ Your son appears to be in good physical health.

▪ She has suffered terrible physical as well as emotional abuse for over 12 years.

▪ A lot of British people avoid physical contact with strangers.

▪ Man’s primary needs are physical -- food, drink and sleep.

physical fitness

▪ Nearly three quarters of the women surveyed said they were satisfied with their physical fitness.

physically [adverb]

▪ At the end of the race she was completely exhausted, both mentally and physically.

▪ At the age of 70 he’s still physically very active.

▷ bodily /ˈbɒdɪli, ˈbɒdəliǁˈbɑː-/ [adjective only before noun]

relating to the body or produced by the body :

bodily fluids

▪ Albert agreed to turn over samples of his hair and bodily fluids to the court.

bodily harm

damage to the body

▪ Parretti had a lengthy criminal record that included fraud and conspiracy to commit bodily harm.

perform your bodily functions

go to the toilet, wash yourself etc

▪ The villagers have to go down to the lake to perform most of their bodily functions.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .