Meaning of BODY in English

BODY

n. & v.

--n. (pl. -ies)

1. the physical structure, including the bones, flesh, and organs, of a person or an animal, whether dead or alive.

2 the trunk apart from the head and the limbs.

3 a the main or central part of a thing (body of the car; body of the attack). b the bulk or majority; the aggregate (body of opinion).

4 a a group of persons regarded collectively, esp. as having a corporate function (governing body). b (usu. foll. by of) a collection (body of facts).

5 a quantity (body of water).

6 a piece of matter (heavenly body).

7 colloq. a person.

8 a full or substantial quality of flavour, tone, etc., e.g. in wine, musical sounds, etc.

--v.tr. (-ies, -ied) (usu. foll. by forth) give body or substance to.

Phrases and idioms:

body-blow a severe setback. body-building the practice of strengthening the body, esp. shaping and enlarging the muscles, by exercise. body-colour an opaque pigment. body language the process of communicating through conscious or unconscious gestures and poses. body-line bowling Cricket persistent fast bowling on the leg side threatening the batsman's body. body odour the smell of the human body, esp. when unpleasant. body politic the nation or State as a corporate body. body scanner a scanning X-ray machine for taking tomograms of the whole body. body shop a workshop where repairs to the bodywork of vehicles are carried out. body stocking a woman's undergarment, usually made of knitted nylon, which covers the torso. body warmer a sleeveless quilted or padded jacket worn as an outdoor garment. in a body all together. keep body and soul together keep alive, esp. barely. over my dead body colloq. entirely without my assent.

Derivatives:

-bodied adj. (in comb.) (able-bodied).

Etymology: OE bodig, of unkn. orig.

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.