Meaning of BREAK in English

BREAK

INDEX:

1. to break something into pieces

2. to break into pieces

3. to break something into two pieces

4. to break into two pieces

5. to break something into a lot of pieces

6. to break into a lot of pieces

7. to break a piece from the main part of something

8. to break, so that one piece becomes separated from the main part

9. to break a bone in your body

10. easily broken

RELATED WORDS

see also

↑ BROKEN/NOT BROKEN

↑ DAMAGE

↑ TEAR

↑ DESTROY

↑ SQUASH

↑ REPAIR

↑ ACCIDENT

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1. to break something into pieces

▷ break /breɪk/ [transitive verb]

to break something, either accidentally or deliberately :

▪ She fell off her bike and broke her glasses.

▪ If you break it you’ll have to pay for it out of your allowance.

▪ I broke one of her platters once, and I swear she’s never forgiven me.

▪ He once broke a window of his grandfather’s greenhouse with a football.

▷ bust /bʌst/ [transitive verb] spoken informal

to break something :

▪ The ball hit him in the face and bust his glasses.

▪ He busted the side window with a bat.

bust something up/bust up something

▪ Dean got really drunk and started busting up the bar.

bust something down/bust down something

▪ The police had to bust down the door.

▷ crack /kræk/ [transitive verb]

to break or damage something so that cracks appear in its surface :

▪ A stone hit the windshield and cracked it.

▪ I cracked one of the wine glasses when I was washing it.

▪ The earthquake cracked walls and driveways and knocked out electricity and communications.

2. to break into pieces

▷ break /breɪk/ [intransitive verb]

▪ She dropped a plate and it broke.

▪ My watchband has broken.

▪ The ice broke and they both fell through.

▪ The cam belt broke and ruined the engine.

▷ get broken /get ˈbrəʊkən/ [verb phrase]

if something gets broken, someone breaks it accidentally :

▪ If you leave your toys on the floor, they’ll get broken.

▪ A few of the cups got broken while we were moving house.

▪ When her grandchildren visit, she puts away anything she doesn’t want to get broken.

▷ crack /kræk/ [intransitive verb]

if something cracks, it breaks slightly so that lines appear in its surface :

▪ The bell cracked after many years of use.

▪ A few windows cracked from the heat during the fire.

▪ The pipeline had cracked a long time before the oil spill occurred.

crack [countable noun]

▪ There are a few cracks in the plaster.

▷ give way /ˌgɪv ˈweɪ/ [verb phrase]

if something such as a floor, wall, or bridge gives way, it finally breaks because there is a lot of pressure or weight on it :

▪ He was changing a light bulb when the ladder gave way.

▪ The crowd surged forward and the fence gave way.

▪ The whole side of the hill gave way after a week of heavy rain.

▷ bust /bʌst/ [intransitive verb] informal

if something busts, it breaks :

▪ The toy is made of a balloon in a cloth sack that can be hit without busting.

bust open

break in such a way that what is inside can come out

▪ His suitcase busted open, and everything went all over the floor in the hotel lobby.

3. to break something into two pieces

▷ break something in two/in half /ˌbreɪk something ɪn ˈtuː, ɪn ˈhɑːfǁ -ˈhæf/ [verb phrase]

to break something into two, fairly equal pieces :

▪ The explosion broke the ship in two.

▪ David broke the chocolate bar in half and gave a piece to Sue.

▷ snap /snæp/ [transitive verb]

to break something, usually a long thin object, so that it makes a sudden, short loud noise :

▪ He hit a rock and snapped the truck’s axle.

▪ High winds snapped power lines in the city, leaving more than 9000 people without power.

snap something in two/in half

▪ He accidentally snapped his putter in half during one tournament.

snap off

▪ The tip of the tree snapped off when it fell.

▷ split /splɪt/ [transitive verb]

to break something such as wood into two parts along a straight line :

▪ She learned to split logs and stack a woodpile.

split something in two/in half

▪ Split the leek in half lengthwise, and cut it into 1/4-inch pieces.

4. to break into two pieces

▷ break in two/in half /ˌbreɪk ɪn ˈtuː, ɪn ˈhɑːfǁ-ˈhæf/ [verb phrase]

▪ The ship broke in two when it ran aground, and 900 tons of fuel oil leaked out.

▪ When I pulled at the board, it broke in two and fell down.

▷ snap /snæp/ [intransitive verb]

if something snaps, especially something long and thin, it breaks into two pieces making a short loud noise :

▪ A twig snapped under his foot.

▪ Power lines snapped in the high winds.

▪ One of the strings on my guitar snapped when I was tuning it.

snap off

▪ The tip of the Christmas tree snapped off when it fell.

▷ split /splɪt/ [intransitive verb]

if wood, bone etc splits, it breaks into two parts along a straight line :

▪ The window frames are old and the wood is starting to split.

▪ When it crashed, the plane’s fuselage split behind the wings.

split in two/half

▪ The back of the chair had split in two.

split open

split so that there is a hole

▪ A metal tube split open in the steam generator of the nuclear power plant.

5. to break something into a lot of pieces

▷ smash /smæʃ/ [transitive verb]

to break something into a lot of small pieces, especially in a violent way, by dropping, throwing, or hitting it :

▪ Firefighters smashed a bedroom window and rescued a two-year-old girl.

▪ Her camera was smashed by soldiers when she tried to take photographs.

smash something to pieces/to bits

▪ The boat hit the rocks and was smashed to pieces by the waves.

▷ shatter /ˈʃætəʳ/ [transitive verb]

to break something, especially glass, into a lot of very small pieces :

▪ The explosion shattered office windows 500 metres away.

▪ Protesters shattered a glass door and tossed red dye around the entrance.

▷ crumble /ˈkrʌmb ə l/ [transitive verb]

to break something, especially food, into very small pieces :

▪ Beat the eggs, crumble the cheese, and mix together.

▪ Mrs. Suggs crumbled the bread into hot milk.

6. to break into a lot of pieces

▷ break into pieces/bits /ˌbreɪk ɪntə ˈpiːsə̇z, ˈbɪts/ [verb phrase]

▪ One of the mugs rolled off the table and broke into bits on the stone floor.

▪ Investigators are not sure what caused the plane to break into pieces and plunge into the ocean.

▷ break up /ˌbreɪk ˈʌp/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

if a large object breaks up, it breaks into a lot of pieces especially as a result of natural forces, or serious damage :

▪ The ice breaks up quicker near the shore.

▪ Two of the missiles apparently broke up in flight.

▪ The comet was formed when a planet broke up at some time in the distant past.

▷ fall to bits/pieces British go to pieces American /ˌfɔːl tə ˈbɪts, ˈpiːsə̇z, ˌgəʊ tə ˈpiːsə̇z/ [verb phrase]

to break into a lot of small pieces, especially because of being weak, old, or badly made :

▪ The book had been read again and again, until it finally fell to pieces.

▪ I picked the bag up, and it went to pieces in my hands.

▪ The trunk was full of old dresses, some of which were falling to pieces.

▷ fall apart/come apart /ˌfɔːl əˈpɑːʳt, ˌkʌm əˈpɑːʳt/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

to break easily into pieces, especially because of being badly made or very old :

▪ I only bought these shoes last week, and they’re falling apart already.

▪ His jacket started coming apart at the seams.

▷ disintegrate /dɪsˈɪntɪgreɪt, dɪsˈɪntəgreɪt/ [intransitive verb]

if something disintegrates, it breaks into a lot of small pieces so that it is completely destroyed or so that it completely changes its form :

▪ A 50-foot section of the roadway began to disintegrate after only a few cars had passed over it.

▪ The plane disintegrated in midair.

▪ The mummified man’s clothes had disintegrated almost completely, but appeared to be mainly of leather and fur.

▷ shatter /ˈʃætəʳ/ [intransitive verb]

if something, especially glass, shatters, it breaks suddenly into a lot of very small pieces because it has been dropped or hit :

▪ The glass had shattered, but the photograph itself was undamaged.

▪ Storefront windows shattered and roofs blew off during the hurricane.

▪ Don’t try to drive nails into the bricks, they may shatter.

shattered [adjective only before noun]

▪ There was shattered glass all over the floor.

▷ smash /smæʃ/ [intransitive verb]

to noisily break into pieces as a result of being dropped or hit :

▪ I heard something smash. What broke?

smash to pieces/bits

▪ The bottle rolled off the table and smashed to pieces on the floor.

▷ splinter /ˈsplɪntəʳ/ [intransitive verb]

if something such as wood splinters, it breaks into thin, sharp pieces :

▪ These types of wood splinter more easily than redwood or cedar.

▪ The coating helps prevent the glass from splintering if it is hit by a rock while you are driving.

splintered [adjective]

▪ the splintered remains of an old fence

▷ crumble /ˈkrʌmb ə l/ [intransitive verb]

to break easily into a powder or into small pieces, especially as a result of being old or dry :

▪ The autumn leaves crumbled in my fingers.

▪ Some of the tiles are crumbling around the edges.

crumbling [adjective]

▪ Nestling amongst the magnificent hills were the crumbling ruins of an old monastery.

▷ burst /bɜːʳst/ [intransitive verb]

if something such as a tyre or a pipe bursts, the force of the air, water etc inside makes it break into many pieces :

▪ The Concorde disaster was caused by a tyre bursting.

▪ Thousands of gallons of oil flowed into the river when an oil pipeline burst.

burst [adjective only before noun]

▪ The flood was caused by a burst pipe.

▷ blow /bləʊ/ [intransitive verb] especially American

if a tyre blows, it breaks open suddenly and all the air comes out of it :

▪ One of the tires blew and they skidded into the center divider.

7. to break a piece from the main part of something

▷ break off /ˌbreɪk ˈɒf/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to break off a piece of something :

break off something

▪ She broke off a bit of bread and dipped it in the soup.

break something off

▪ When the dough is chilled, break pieces of the dough off with your fingers, and roll into small balls.

break something off something

▪ Break a leaf off the bush, rub it between your fingers, and smell the lemony scent.

▷ chip /tʃɪp/ [transitive verb]

to accidentally break off a small piece from the edge of something, such as a cup, plate, or piece of wood :

▪ He fell off his bike and chipped his front tooth.

▪ If you don’t load the dishwasher right, it might chip some of the cups.

8. to break, so that one piece becomes separated from the main part

▷ break off /ˌbreɪk ˈɒf/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

if a part of something breaks off, it breaks and becomes separated from the main part of it :

▪ I gave it a tug and the zipper broke off.

▪ A military cargo plane made an emergency landing when one of the propellers broke off.

▪ Icebergs break off from the ice sheets and float southwards.

▷ come off /ˌkʌm ˈɒf/ [intransitive/transitive phrasal verb]

if part of something comes off it becomes separated from the main part of it because it is not fastened to it firmly enough :

▪ Can you fix the door? The handle’s come off.

come off something

▪ A wheel had come off a car, and rolled to the side of the road.

▷ come away /ˌkʌm əˈweɪ/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

to easily become separated from a surface when touched, pulled etc :

▪ The switch was attached to the plate and came away with it when I pulled.

come away from

▪ Mix until the dough comes away from the side of the bowl.

come away in somebody’s hand

become separated very easily or without you realising it

▪ Ralph pulled, and the lock came away in his hand.

9. to break a bone in your body

▷ break /breɪk/ [transitive verb]

▪ I broke my leg last time I went skiing.

▪ She slipped on the floor, it’d just been washed, and broke her hip.

▪ They thought he’d broken his back, but the X-ray showed it was okay.

▷ crack /kræk/ [transitive verb]

to partly break a bone :

▪ She slipped and cracked a rib.

▪ Freeman cracked his skull in the accident.

crack [countable noun]

▪ The X-ray showed several cracks in the bone of her left leg.

▷ fracture /ˈfræktʃəʳ/ [transitive verb]

to break or partly break a bone in your body - used especially by doctors :

▪ My grandmother fell down the stairs and fractured her ankle.

▪ He fractured both his legs in the car accident.

fracture [countable noun]

▪ More elderly women than men suffer hip fractures.

fractured [adjective only before noun]

▪ He had a fractured skull.

▷ shatter /ˈʃætəʳ/ [transitive verb]

to break a bone in someone’s body into a lot of small pieces, especially by shooting or hitting them :

▪ The nine-year-old boy was hit by a car and shattered his skull on the pavement.

▪ The bullet shattered a bone in her left forearm.

▷ bust /bʌst/ [transitive verb] especially American, informal

to break one of the bones in your body :

▪ She fell and busted her knee.

10. easily broken

▷ breakable /ˈbreɪkəb ə l/ [adjective]

objects that are breakable break easily because they are made of glass or another thin, hard material, and must be handled carefully :

▪ Put breakable objects out of the reach of children.

▪ Many laboratories spend thousands of dollars a year on breakable glass equipment.

▷ fragile /ˈfrædʒaɪlǁ-dʒ ə l/ [adjective]

not strong and therefore very easily broken or damaged :

▪ The parcel was marked FRAGILE -- HANDLE WITH CARE.

▪ The museum sends fragile porcelain objects to specialists to be restored.

▷ delicate /ˈdelɪkɪt, ˈdelɪkət/ [adjective]

something that is delicate is easily broken or damaged, especially because it is made of very thin material, and is attractive to look at :

▪ The tea was served in delicate china cups.

▪ a delicate gold necklace

▷ brittle /ˈbrɪtl/ [adjective]

hard and easily broken, especially because of being old and dry :

▪ Perming makes your hair more brittle.

▪ The building’s electrical wiring was worn and brittle, causing a fire hazard.

▷ crisp /krɪsp/ [adjective]

something that is crisp is hard, thin, and breaks easily when you press on it :

▪ The crisp, dry leaves rustled underneath her feet.

▪ Brush the tops of the loaves with cold water, which helps form the crisp crust for which French bread is famous.

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