Meaning of BOTTOM in English

BOTTOM

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

at the bottom of the pecking order

Nobody wants to be at the bottom of the pecking order .

at the top/bottom of a list

Her name was at the top of the list of students.

at the top/bottom/end etc (of sth)

At the top of the stairs, she paused.

be (at the) top/bottom of the league (= be the best or the worst team in a group )

bottom drawer

bottom gear British English (= the lowest gear )

The car trundled slowly forward in bottom gear.

bottom line

In radio, you have to keep the listener listening. That’s the bottom line.

rock bottom

My personal life had hit rock bottom.

sank to the bottom of

The kids watched as the coin sank to the bottom of the pool.

search sth from top to bottom (= search all the rooms in a building )

They searched the house from top to bottom.

the bottom of a scale

He started at the bottom of the pay scale.

the bottom of a valley

The stream in the bottom of the valley was spanned by a narrow bridge.

the bottom of the garden British English (= the end of the garden, away from the house )

There was a trampoline at the bottom of the garden.

the bottom/foot of a hill

The house was at the bottom of a hill.

the bottom/foot of the page

See the note at the bottom of page 38.

the bottom/foot of the stairs

‘Lisa,’ he cried from the foot of the stairs.

the bottom/lower edge

The lower edge of the window frame was starting to rot.

the bottom/top of a ladder

She sighed with relief when she reached the bottom of the ladder.

the top/bottom button

He was wearing a white shirt with the top button undone.

the top/bottom corner

The ball flew straight into the top corner of the net.

the top/bottom half

He graduated in the top half of his law school class.

the top/bottom/middle drawer

He opened the bottom drawer and got out a T-shirt.

top/bottom etc set

Adam’s in the top set for maths.

top/bottom right-hand corner

the bottom right-hand corner of the page

top/bottom/next etc shelf

Put it back on the top shelf.

upper/lower/top/bottom lip

His bottom lip was swollen.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ NOUN

river

The river bottom will also provide clues about the current.

My shin had struck a boulder on the river bottom during my spill.

But before they emerge as adults they have a rather longer incarnation as larvae walking about the river bottom .

In the river bottom , where we finally stopped, the grass was above the door handles.

Former railroad rights of way cut across river bottoms that used to be littered with bustling towns.

In the shedding season, the river bottoms would often be ankle-deep in buffalo hair.

sea

The sea bottom is stony, so we strongly recommend you always sail with something on your feet.

Cruising underwater, you see pale outlines of the irregular sea bottom .

Species somewhat resembling that shown are numerous in the Tertiary marine formations, and similar species live today in sandy sea bottoms .

If the photographs are to be believed, the water is azure blue and clear to the sea bottom .

Fisheries are sustained by the plankton which depends upon a constant re-cycling of nutrients stirred up from the sea bottom .

valley

If we stay put they can stay up there and fry the valley bottom , and us with it.

The alternative was to ride along the main highways, which tend to hug the flat land along valley bottoms .

It's large a low level route, sticking to valley bottoms and passes rather to going up on the fells.

Quite apart from the major wetlands, every valley bottom below a certain contour line must have been soggy and at times impassable.

Rock and ice falls scarred the slopes and the valley bottom was a sea of fine sand.

In the Itchen and Avon valleys in Hampshire the farms are apparently regularly spaced along the valley bottoms .

■ VERB

drop

When you dropped the unpeeled grape into the glass, it also dropped to the bottom .

fall

The result is that family income has soared at the top and fallen at the bottom .

Residue fell to the bottom of the sea, and lava later pushed the particles back up.

Snow fell off the bottom of her boots all over the tiled floor, but she didn't care.

Some of the Borax will fall to the bottom of the container. 3.

Then he collapsed and fell to the bottom of the tank.

The extra sugar will fall to the bottom . 49.

Apart from the 4-SUBS, traffic levels meant there was little chance for stock to fall out of the bottom of the cascade.

His eyes fell to the bottom of the page.

get

That co-operation will be vital in getting to the bottom of this matter as soon as possible.

We decided to get to the bottom of this!

He would get to the bottom of all this, just as soon as he could get it all clear in his mind.

They want to get to the bottom of everything they see.

I knew Purvis would get to the bottom of it in time.

When I got to the bottom of the hill and looked up, and I saw that beautiful campus, I cried.

Or had her efforts to get to the bottom of the rue Roland mystery taken an unexpected toll on her?

When he got to the bottom , Jack chopped the beanstalk down, and the giant fell to the ground, dead.

hit

At the time, I thought one had hit rock bottom .

Page has hit proverbial rock bottom and has become a walking skeleton living on the streets.

The 28-year-old mechanical engineer's fortunes took a dramatic twist midway through last season when his career hit rock bottom .

They say you have to hit bottom before things start looking up.

It really worries me what the impact could be in a few years when we hit the bottom of the business cycle.

lie

They lay in the bottom of the bag, too discouraged even to talk.

His girlfriend had been woken by the noise, and had found him lying at the bottom of the stairs.

Knowing that self-interest lay at the bottom of his proposal did not prevent my being grateful.

Holman lay at the bottom of the open grave where he'd been roughly dumped.

This was Goat Island, created of silts and clays that had originally lain on the bottom of the vanished Lake Tonawanda.

Floating Fantail My White Fantail spends most of its time either floating at the surface, or lying on the bottom .

The rest, including your own clothes, now lie at the bottom of some deep, evil-smelling swamp.

reach

Ali Christie was straightening his tie as he reached the bottom of the stairs.

In the Wood-Prediction column, have the students number their predictions about which object will reach the bottom of the slide first.

By the time she reached the bottom he had the saloon deck hatch open and was sitting at the table.

It takes nearly two hours to reach the bottom at a depth of just over 3, 000 meters.

When she reached the bottom of the stairs, she began to run towards the door.

The difficultly in reaching the canyon bottom might well ensure it remains pristine.

With air-driven models, especially those that reach the tank bottom , the contact time is greater and little escapes.

When that column reaches the bottom of the page, the cursor will move to the top of the second column.

scrape

Although a primitive recording programme was in progress, the company evidently had to scrape the bottom of the barrel for material.

With a spatula, scrape sides and bottom of bowl before each egg is added.

Add drained sauerkraut and stir well, scraping browned bits from bottom of pan.

sink

It was wrapped in netting and sunk to the bottom .

While it was on top, it lost some of the bubbles and sank to the bottom again.

Clamp it between the two parts of an algae magnet and sink it to the bottom of the tank.

You bring the papers up, but the next day they sink to the bottom again.

During dry periods the water evaporates, and the gypsum sinks to the lake bottom .

He might have sunk to the moss-covered bottom of a clear pond where he was resting like a leaf.

Then he was in the hold, chilly waters around his knees as he sank through the bottom of the boat itself.

There was a time I went down like a stone in a pond and sank clear to the bottom .

start

It goes without saying that you start with the bottom step, to prevent the concrete falling through to the one below.

The movement started from the bottom .

If you're not sure about your standard, do yourself a favour-\#start at the bottom and work upwards.

You wan na go join the human race, right? Start at the bottom ?

Show her how to start buttoning from the bottom up.

Both groups of students were starting their careers at City College, and both were starting at rock bottom .

If you start at the bottom there's nowhere to go down.

Migden turned to old-fashioned means to launch her career: starting from the bottom .

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

at the top/bottom of the heap

from the (bottom of your) heart

Blood flows out from the heart to the tissues as before, but its return is now forced.

Both versions monitor about a dozen heart parameters, most importantly the flow of blood from the heart.

But speaking from the heart did not seem wise.

In our language-the Ojibwa language-we say the knowledge comes from the heart .

It had not come from the heart of the congregation, but from behind the footlights.

No musical notation, for music must come from the heart and not off a page.

The Hague Appeal will not merely be a cry from the heart .

from top to bottom

And we searched it from top to bottom.

Example 4 is a great lick for covering the whole fretboard from top to bottom.

He was immense, though still lodged from top to bottom within me.

Keep turning the carrot slightly and repeat the motion from top to bottom until you have removed all the peel.

Kirov took only a few more minutes to search the small studio from top to bottom.

Sassenach was created, the great buttress climbed, as it should be, direct from top to bottom.

The lineup appears to be strong from top to bottom, but all the players know Bagwell is the key component.

They can just be people who believe they ought to reshape society from top to bottom.

hit/reach rock bottom

After we lost the contract, morale in the office reached rock bottom.

Confidence in the city's police force has hit rock bottom.

Joan Rivers reveals how she hit rock bottom and recovered in her autobiography.

As a result, hotel values hit rock bottom in 1992&.

At the time, I thought one had hit rock bottom.

But this time he does seem to have hit rock bottom.

Ogmore to Barry beach sport hit rock bottom.

The 28-year-old mechanical engineer's fortunes took a dramatic twist midway through last season when his career hit rock bottom.

knock the bottom out of sth

A recession would knock the bottom out of corporate profits.

scrape (the bottom of) the barrel

At that time I thought we were scraping the barrel.

Has Hollywood scraped the barrel for bimbos?

Unions were bargaining for dental insurance, as if scraping the barrel to come up with new benefits.

the bottom line

Most people want to work in a place where they feel valued. That's the bottom line.

Still, the bottom line is that Wisconsin won the game.

The bottom line is, he's gone and he's not coming back.

The bottom line is, men don't change very much after marriage.

the bottom of the pile

At the bottom of the pile , in reverse order of its importance, was the letter from the bishop.

He toyed with the envelope for a couple of seconds, then thrust it back to the bottom of the pile .

He was thrilled to find the cream-colored envelope near the bottom of the pile of greeting cards.

If you are wrong, return the card to the bottom of the pile .

Music for wasted afternoons that's nowhere near the bottom of the pile this week.

The new black immigrants at the bottom of the pile were hardly mentioned.

the top and bottom of it

touch bottom

The lake was too deep for their long poles to touch bottom.

Convictions have hardened, for better for worse, and the floaters have touched bottom.

you (can) bet your life/your bottom dollar

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Did you fall on your bottom ?

pajama bottoms

the ocean bottom

They've got baggy pants with ripped bottoms.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

He pokes it through the bottom of the popcorn box they share.

However, these warnings frequently appear at the bottom of advertisements in the tiniest of print.

The transponder was released acoustically just after Alvin left the bottom for the last time in this area.

This means that a few get top marks, a big bunch get middling marks, and a few come near the bottom .

Western spadefoot toads burrow into the wash bottom , emerging to produce another batch of mosquito larvae-eating tadpoles during the summer rains.

II. adjective

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ NOUN

class

She therefore loathes the bottom class and everyone in it.

I stayed in the bottom class , but noticed the girl that I had been talking to was in another class.

I was put in the bottom class .

club

Clough, manager of bottom club Nottingham Forest, is under pressure.

Easington desperately need three points from their last home game of the season against bottom club Whickham.

After the promise of recent weeks, Tottenham meekly succumbed to the Premier League's bottom club .

Also, the future of Gwynedd's bottom club Bangor Normal College needs to be resolved.

For Leicester, the bottom club , teenager Kitson is likely to retain his place in attack.

corner

Harte fired the ball into the bottom corner before heading for the corner flag to celebrate.

Fold the phyllo, in flag fashion, from the left bottom corner up and over the filling to enclose the spinach.

Are the bottom corners bruised and in need of building up?

Maybe with a dollar sign embossed near the bottom corner .

Hidden on the bottom corner stands an old black and white pub, backing on to the river.

Wrap the bottom corner with a couple of layers of masking tape to prevent the scraper from cutting the device.

drawer

The other women hadn't pulled something out of a bottom drawer to come to the classes.

The bottom drawer was pulled out and empty.

Black's hand found the bottom drawer , and the bottle.

I sat in my bedroom and slipped the scrapbook out of the bottom drawer .

The bottom drawer of her desk proved to be locked, with no sign of a key.

Johnnie found the tacks in the bottom drawer and, whirling on her heels, marched out of the kitchen.

The baby slept in the bottom drawer of the dresser: the kitten had a feather cushion.

Chris attempts to clear his desk by jamming all outstanding items in the biggest, bottom drawer .

edge

Add a border or binding down the leading and bottom edges of curtains for a real interior designer touch.

He brought down the bottom edge of the can right on the crown of the head.

The bottom edge of the curtain was a matter of free links, not a connecting bar.

There was a thin line of light at the bottom edge .

Trim neatly around bottom edge and leave to dry overnight.

Cut a long strip of fondant to wrap around the bottom edge of the ship.

Machine along the bottom edge of the tape, trapping the lining, and across the ends to neaten them off.

Attacks to the abdomen must be no lower than the bottom edge of the belt.

end

At the bottom end he could go no further, and so retraced his steps.

Upon arriving home, he noticed the sapling still had a pretty good root system on the bottom end .

The left and bottom ends of the axis similarly represent the negative poles and the lowest scores.

A good look at the bottom end of a drummer tended to lower crowd sympathy.

At the bottom end of the playing fields is a rocky outcrop.

The only true amateurs left are the ones on the bottom end of the highlights-film, commercial-endorsement food chain.

Crane for plenty of small fish from the bottom end , and some good nets of roach from the Ashtip Field.

He set off towards the bottom end of the square to walk down Via Roma in the direction of the sea.

half

The bottom half of the building was towers, balconies and metal grilles, and the top half was very Hemish merchant.

Place each burger on the bottom half of focaccia.

The bottom half hangs down, allowing me to transfer the envelope to inside my coat.

But now, in the bottom half , our animal brotherhood is forgotten.

He pushed the bottom half of the window upwards and swung one leg over the sill.

The bottom half will say 1951-2001.

Spread the bottom half with the cooled apple filling and cover with the top half of the cake.

But this cramped his writing hand and made writing on the bottom half of the page impossible.

layer

The middle layer contains 24 nodes, each connected to all four outputs from the bottom layer.

In each node of the bottom layer , the inputs are treated as the address of a cell.

Shallow lakes sometimes have a bottom layer of aquatic mosses, which by photosynthesis add oxygen to the water close by.

But a third crate, on its bottom layer , had the latest equipment for long-range detonation of explosives.

She took off everything that could identify her, and stowed it in the bottom layer of her jewellery box.

The bottom layer of the model represents the implicit information in the enterprise.

The addition of finely-sifted compost or leaf-mould to the bottom layer with gravel or unwashed coarse sand is ideal.

level

The bottom level , the operational level, involves aspects such as maintaining road position and the use of the car controls.

This put M2 below the bottom level of the Fed's targeted band.

line

Gender should never be used as a bottom line explanation because it is a social construction needing explanation itself.

That, in any case, is the bottom line of a great many studies into the matter.

This is fastened to a top and bottom line which is 100 yards long.

The bottom line is in the ledger book, pure and simple.

When the net is set the top and bottom lines are tight, but the net itself remains slack.

And finally, the bottom line , is the budget approved without long delay and nit-picking?

The bottom line is even bleaker.

The bottom line is, there is no stake in anyone legitimizing campaign financing.

lip

Her teeth sank into her bottom lip , biting back a cry, and she winced.

The bottom lip fattens and pushes out beyond the lower lip.

His teeth closed lightly on her bottom lip .

Her bottom lip is fat and purple and there's a split down the middle.

Kate chewed on her bottom lip .

She drew in her breath sharply and bit down hard on her bottom lip in an effort not to cry out.

The bottom lip protrudes in sullen, worried anticipation.

She looked up at him expectantly, her mouth open, the bottom lip raised, almost brutal in what it implied.

part

The stone walls of the bottom part of the wall section are clearly visible but most of the structure is ivy-clad.

price

So during a recession, glamorous designer names ... offered at rock bottom prices can be alluring.

They're at rock bottom prices , and the only way is up.

rung

Once Romanov had reached the bottom rung of the fire escape, he ran to a passing tram.

It became imperative that he take hold of the bottom rung of the sinuous ladder, which he did.

shelf

The small packets were on the bottom shelf , medium on the middle shelf and large packets on the top.

She pointed to a pile of books on the bottom shelf of the bookcase.

All the garages on the bottom shelf are full, but one of the garages on the top shelf is empty.

I took the package from the bottom shelf of the cupboard and scurried back down the hall.

The bottom shelf was wider and it held a square white machine which looked like a document shredder.

They were all on the bottom shelves .

stair

I glimpsed Auntie sitting on the bottom stair as I flew past above her head.

Liz stepped over the bottom stair , which always creaked.

She stepped off the bottom stair on to a carpeted floor.

I forgot I'd got them on and I slipped on the bottom stairs .

step

Baptiste was standing on the bottom step of the wooden staircase, affecting surprise at the sight of her.

Denver sat down on the bottom step .

The bottom step submerged means there is good water downstream.

There she was, sitting on the bottom step .

Léonie stood on the bottom step and clutched the metal handrail.

As he reached the bottom step , it occurred to him that Hicks was probably a psychopath after all.

Reaching the bottom step , he turned the beam into the corner, reflecting the sheen of deep mahogany wall panels.

He felt very dizzy, and sat down on the bottom step of the stairs.

third

The gauges and sonar screen are spread across the bottom third of the computer monitor.

For a team that ranks in the bottom third in caring for the ball, this was a triumph of epic proportions.

It has become unfashionable to care about those at the bottom third of the economic ladder.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

She looked in the bottom drawer of the chest.

The bottom layer of the cake is made of chocolate and strawberries.

the bottom right-hand corner of the page

The book is on the bottom shelf.

Tim is in the bottom 10% of his class.

You have some peanut butter on your bottom lip.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Anything which does not contribute to the bottom line of national competitiveness-especially unpredictable commitments outside borders-should be avoided.

Different viewpoints Ultimately, for promoters, agents, venues and artists, the bottom line is the bottom line.

The bottom line is that there is a serious problem.

The bottom line on fat minimums is not yet clear.

The lock snapped and the detective levered up the bottom section.

Upon arriving home, he noticed the sapling still had a pretty good root system on the bottom end.

III. verb

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

at the top/bottom of the heap

from the (bottom of your) heart

Blood flows out from the heart to the tissues as before, but its return is now forced.

Both versions monitor about a dozen heart parameters, most importantly the flow of blood from the heart.

But speaking from the heart did not seem wise.

In our language-the Ojibwa language-we say the knowledge comes from the heart .

It had not come from the heart of the congregation, but from behind the footlights.

No musical notation, for music must come from the heart and not off a page.

The Hague Appeal will not merely be a cry from the heart .

from top to bottom

And we searched it from top to bottom.

Example 4 is a great lick for covering the whole fretboard from top to bottom.

He was immense, though still lodged from top to bottom within me.

Keep turning the carrot slightly and repeat the motion from top to bottom until you have removed all the peel.

Kirov took only a few more minutes to search the small studio from top to bottom.

Sassenach was created, the great buttress climbed, as it should be, direct from top to bottom.

The lineup appears to be strong from top to bottom, but all the players know Bagwell is the key component.

They can just be people who believe they ought to reshape society from top to bottom.

hit/reach rock bottom

After we lost the contract, morale in the office reached rock bottom.

Confidence in the city's police force has hit rock bottom.

Joan Rivers reveals how she hit rock bottom and recovered in her autobiography.

As a result, hotel values hit rock bottom in 1992&.

At the time, I thought one had hit rock bottom.

But this time he does seem to have hit rock bottom.

Ogmore to Barry beach sport hit rock bottom.

The 28-year-old mechanical engineer's fortunes took a dramatic twist midway through last season when his career hit rock bottom.

the bottom line

Most people want to work in a place where they feel valued. That's the bottom line.

Still, the bottom line is that Wisconsin won the game.

The bottom line is, he's gone and he's not coming back.

The bottom line is, men don't change very much after marriage.

the bottom of the pile

At the bottom of the pile , in reverse order of its importance, was the letter from the bishop.

He toyed with the envelope for a couple of seconds, then thrust it back to the bottom of the pile .

He was thrilled to find the cream-colored envelope near the bottom of the pile of greeting cards.

If you are wrong, return the card to the bottom of the pile .

Music for wasted afternoons that's nowhere near the bottom of the pile this week.

The new black immigrants at the bottom of the pile were hardly mentioned.

the top and bottom of it

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

She believed that the motivation to lose weight could only come from people bottoming out emotionally.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.