Meaning of BOTTOM in English

BOTTOM

I. ˈbä-təm noun

Etymology: Middle English botme, from Old English botm; akin to Old High German bodam bottom, Latin fundus, Greek pythmēn

Date: before 12th century

1.

a. : the underside of something

b. : a surface (as the seat of a chair) designed to support something resting on it — used figuratively in phrases like the bottom dropped out to describe a sudden collapse or downturn

lost millions when the bottom dropped out of the stock market

c. : the posterior end of the trunk : buttocks, rump

2. : the surface on which a body of water lies

3.

a. : the part of a ship's hull lying below the water

b. : boat , ship

4.

a. : the lowest part or place

the bottom of the page

b. : the remotest or inmost point

c. : the lowest or last place in point of precedence

started work at the bottom

d. : the part of a garment worn on the lower part of the body ; especially : the pants of pajamas — usually used in plural

e. : the last half of an inning of baseball

f. : the bass or baritone instruments of a band

5. : bottomland — usually used in plural

6. : basis , source

trying to get to the bottom of these rumors

7. : capacity (as of a horse) to endure strain

8. : a foundation color applied to textile fibers before dyeing

9. : a fundamental quark that accounts for the existence and lifetime of upsilon particles and has an electric charge of - 1/3 and a measured energy of approximately 5 GeV ; also : the flavor characterizing this particle

• bot·tomed -təmd adjective

- at bottom

II. verb

Date: 1520

transitive verb

1. : to furnish with a bottom

2. : to provide a foundation for

3. : to bring to the bottom

4. : to get to the bottom of

intransitive verb

1. : to become based

2. : to reach the bottom

3. : to reach a point where a decline is halted or reversed — usually used with out

the team bottomed out in last place

• bot·tom·er noun

III. adjective

Date: 1561

1. : of, relating to, or situated at the bottom

bottom rock

2. : frequenting the bottom

bottom fish

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.