Meaning of EFFECT in English

EFFECT

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a devastating effect/impact

The recession has had a devastating impact on employment in this area.

a direct effect/impact

Our organization’s work has a direct impact upon children’s lives in this country.

a dramatic effect/impact

An accident can have a dramatic effect on your family’s finances.

a likely effect/consequence

Consider the options open to you, and their likely consequences.

a positive effect/impact

Exercise has a positive effect on health.

adverse effect

They fear it could have an adverse effect on global financial markets.

beneficial effect

a drug that has a beneficial effect on the immune system

cause and effect (= the idea that one thing directly causes another )

What happened was simply a question of cause and effect.

combined effect/effects (= the result of two or more different things used or mixed together )

The combined effects of the war and the drought resulted in famine.

combined effect/effects (= the result of two or more different things used or mixed together )

The combined effects of the war and the drought resulted in famine.

cumulative effect (of sth)

Depression is often caused by the cumulative effects of stress and overwork.

decisive factor/effect/influence etc

Women can play a decisive role in the debate over cloning.

deleterious effects

the deleterious effects of smoking

deterrent effect

the deterrent effect of prison sentences

detrimental effect

the detrimental effect of pollution on the environment

disastrous effects/consequences/results

Climate change could have disastrous effects on Earth.

environmental effects

The environmental effects of building the dam will be felt by generations to come.

exaggerate the effect (of sth)

He yawned widely, exaggerating the effect by stretching his arms wide.

far-reaching implications/impact/effects

Tourism has had far-reaching effects on the island’s culture.

formative influence/effect etc

International politics were a formative influence on the party.

greenhouse effect

had the desired effect

His remarks had the desired effect .

had the opposite effect

I thought the medicine would make him sleep, but it had the opposite effect .

had...ripple effect

The increase had a ripple effect through the whole financial market.

harmful/serious/adverse etc side effect

a natural remedy with no harmful side effects

have...side effects

These policy changes could have beneficial side effects for the whole economy.

health effects

The study looked at the long-term health effects of drinking alcohol.

hypnotic effect

His voice had a smooth hypnotic effect .

immediate effect

The most immediate effect of retirement is a dramatic reduction in living standards.

indirect effects

The indirect effects of climate change may be profound.

lessen the impact/effect/importance (of sth)

The new project will lessen the effects of car pollution.

long-lasting effect/result

long-term effects

the long-term effects of alcohol on the body

pause for effect (= in order to make people eager to hear what you are going to say )

'Now I know what to do,' Brown said, pausing for effect.

produce the desired effect

As a policy, it did not produce the desired effect .

profound effect/influence/impact/consequence etc

Tolstoy’s experiences of war had a profound effect on his work.

The mother’s behaviour has a profound impact on the developing child.

reverse the effects of sth

Hair conditioner can’t reverse the damaging effects of colouring and perming.

sb’s personal effects (formal) (= small possessions, clothing etc )

After his suicide, his mother received his personal effects.

side effect

a natural remedy with no harmful side effects

signs/symptoms/effects of stress

Headaches, migraines, and irritability are all signs of stress.

The effects of stress are subtle and sometimes difficult to see.

sound effects

special effect

spillover effect/benefit/cost

The weak European economy will have a spillover effect on the US dollar.

stimulating effects

the stimulating effects of coffee and tea

the effect/impact on the environment

The building’s design will minimize its impact on the environment.

trickle-down effect

underestimate the importance/extent/effect/power etc of sth

Never underestimate the power of the press.

undesirable effects/consequences etc

The drug may have other undesirable effects.

with retrospective effect

Teachers settled for a 4.2% pay rise with retrospective effect from 1 April.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

adverse

If we believed it would have an adverse effect on claims, we would discourage people from buying timber-frame.

In one, no adverse effects on neonatal outcome were found.

You wouldn't expect much speed out of it, but then you could confidentially run it over any terrain without adverse effect .

Despite the adverse effect of lower output, energy efficiency has been maintained at the 1990 level.

Such treatments are generally thought to have few adverse effects and are often self administered.

Anti-abortion groups have seized upon the few that have shown an adverse effect , not the many that have not.

Is this likely to have any adverse effect on the engine?

Rapid market growth and sector under-capacity encouraged Pilkingtons to expand and attracted new entrants to the marketplace without adverse effects on profits.

beneficial

Indeed, it may well have had the indirect, beneficial effect of encouraging the search for better methods.

Excessive amounts of beta-carotene may somehow block the beneficial effects of one or more of the other nutrients.

Organised self-help groups also rely on the beneficial effects of talking and discussion.

One beneficial effect of the new policy was fewer lawsuits.

Giving the puppies a companion, or playthings, failed to have such a beneficial effect .

As mentioned in the discussion of pathophysiology, their beneficial effect is mainly due to the blocking of striatal acetylcholine receptors.

However, an agreement did not qualify for exemption if its beneficial effects were only indispensable within a national market.

We hope that further studies support these very beneficial effects of support during labor.

cumulative

Though single pieces were restrained, the cumulative effect of a group exhibition was to reorganize spatial perception radically.

The cumulative effect provides an even more impressive testimonial.

During the reign of Charles the Bald, however, such developments not only continued but showed cumulative effects .

But the cumulative effect is gridlock.

The cumulative effect has been dramatic.

Consideration could be given to the interaction and cumulative effects of various pollutants.

The cumulative effect of all these changes do not auger well for the supply of teachers.

Some missiles would be likely to leak through each layer but the cumulative effect would be to limit the damage greatly.

detrimental

The application with the particularly detrimental effect on operators' jobs was the biscuit dough mixing automation.

She had not learned that her dedicated efforts to achieve personal goals could have a detrimental effect on the work of others.

This is obviously having a detrimental effect on textile exports from the region.

Segregation of white and colored children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children.

They must have some detrimental effect , either physical or economic, on employees, consumers or the general public.

Subsequently, a serious accident at the company's water-theme park in Surrey had a detrimental effect on its public profile.

At the same time, medical and social science research began to indicate that retirement itself had detrimental effects .

I can not understand this as I can not see any detrimental effect on the carp.

direct

The direct effect is the net change in the number of jobs before account is taken of output changes.

Two direct effects are particularly important for this story.

The departure of Mark, now a professor of engineering at the University of Texas, also had a more direct effect .

In most situations this seems to be a direct effect of insulin on the hepatic production of IGFBP-1.

These results suggest that caffeine indirectly affects many neurotransmitter systems through its direct effects on adenosine receptors.

A finding of contributory negligence on the other hand has a direct financial effect on the plaintiff.

Employee vacancies will not be filled except in cases where the position has a direct effect on public services.

dramatic

He exploited his age, like all his other attributes, to great dramatic effect .

This is sometimes done at discotheques, and it produces some dramatic effects .

The sell-offs had a dramatic effect because some of the businesses were loss-makers which dragged down profits last time.

Hannah's film had a dramatic effect wherever it was shown, and won a clutch of awards.

They are both interesting books because they tell interesting stories, and are arranged to dramatic effect in interesting ways.

If the specific impulse could be increased towards 1000 seconds this would have a dramatic effect on the mass ratio required.

The black and cream colour scheme in this bedroom from Smallbone creates a dramatic effect .

great

He exploited his age, like all his other attributes, to great dramatic effect .

But nobody demonized the opposition to greater effect than did Clinton strategist James Carville during the 1992 presidential campaign.

This decline in population had great social effects .

If we keep advocating our positions honestly, consistently, persuasively, we ultimately have a great effect .

Firstly, how great are the effects of women's family responsibilities on their employment and pay.

The longer the wind blows, the greater the effect .

By far the greatest effect on the crude mortality rates was when mortality rates due to immaturity were adjusted for low birth rate.

Andersen and Towner have a perfect understanding, and the bass is employed both rhythmically and melodically to great effect .

harmful

The rift between conventional and complementary medicine has had many harmful effects .

Studies consistently demonstrate that its harmful effects are far less than those of alcohol or tobacco.

This also made it easier to note any harmful side effects of medication and ensure compliance with treatment.

The self-interest behind such measures and the harmful effects in Third World countries are plain for all to see.

Additionally, rapid repetition of the experiment allows the production of abdominal movies without any harmful effects to the subjects.

Discussions about drugs' harmful effects were one thing, but McGrath was sick with heroin.

There is no sound evidence of Ginseng inducing harmful side effects .

In the absence of more tangible evidence, the argument regarding possible harmful effects on children can be ignored.

ill

For the ill effects of bruises and other mechanical trauma, after Arnica.

And this gridiron pendulum can truly stand the heat with no ill effects .

If you do happen to swallow any bits they should pass straight through without any ill effects .

Brownell did pioneering research on the ill effects of yo-yo dieting.

But cost controls have helped offset the worst effects of the downturn, says chairman Sir Roy Watts.

Moceanu, showing no ill effects from the injury that threatened to keep her out of the Olympics, was efficient throughout.

We are not totally recession proof but are certainly better insulated than most companies against its worst effects .

It also neutralizes the ill effects of sitting at a desk all day and eating large lunches.

immediate

The most immediate effect of all this has been the announcement of increased mortgage rates.

It had the immediate effect , he said, of cutting the volume of usable corneas in half.

Cannabis may have few immediate withdrawal effects and this again may give rise to the mistaken belief that it is not addictive.

It advanced the use of shock to cure anything by scaring it out of your body, with immediate effect .

Moving production to Lostock had an immediate effect .

The most immediate effect of his proposal would be to block gaming by the Salt River tribe.

His three-match ban has been lifted with immediate effect , freeing him for the First Division match at Huddersfield tomorrow.

indirect

Direct and indirect effects Multiple causality means that two or more causes tend to work together to produce an effect.

Its actions on various organs are the result of a combination of both direct and indirect effects .

Indeed, it may well have had the indirect , beneficial effect of encouraging the search for better methods.

Just as Bill Kestell noted earlier concerning tracks, the indirect effect of booby traps on infantry movement was serious.

But the indirect effects may be more profound.

It may carry out its views of public policy whatever indirect effect they may have upon the activities of the states.

Though we found no direct effects on pay, holding other things equal, we found indirect effects of motherhood on pay.

Later we will argue that some indirect effects occur due to cross-level interactions with chaotic population dynamics.

likely

Look at the likely positive effects of it.

In addition, such strategies presume that decision makers understand the likely effects of technology development on a local economy.

In general Republicans supported the measure because its likely effect would be to undermine the long-lasting Democratic domination of the state legislature.

The most likely effects being gastro intestinal with some nausea.

These are particularly important when considering the likely effects within the real world.

Survival International has launched a campaign against the programme and its likely effects on the indigenous inhabitants of the forest.

Consent means that the patient must be capable of understanding the nature, purpose and likely effects of the proposed treatments.

Remember to wear something approaching the colour of your wedding dress so that you can judge the likely effect on the big day.

major

But its major effect was to make life slightly more tolerable for those at the sharp end of the beat system.

The major effect of the anticonvulsant drugs is to prevent that kind of spread.

Who you are and how you behave will have a major effect on the men and women who live there.

The location of your business can have a major effect upon your success.

At least 20 sessions, spread over several days, are required to remove the major effects of practice.

It is growing very rapidly and having an increasingly major effect on medical concepts and techniques.

There were no major side effects that interrupted treatment in either group.

The major effect we found with melatonin was in sleep maintenance.

negative

It was almost inevitable that this would have a negative effect on any innovative work.

None is big enough or bold enough to offset the negative effects of the financial collapse.

With Ian, his inner sensitivity has a negative effect mainly in his working environment.

As a practical matter, hydrogen use has some negative effects .

These negative effects of direct taxation can not any longer be ignored.

In work settings, people are able to limit the negative cardiovascular effects of stress through a variety of techniques.

Finally, further analysis demonstrates that the level of political democracy has a negative effect on the strike volume.

net

The result is that this type of wave combs material down from the top of the beach giving a net erosive effect .

While the net negative effect on employment is small, this apparently minor response masks some disturbing compositional changes.

The net effect of the application of the liberal model for developing work with the unemployed is thus somewhat muted and minimal.

In both these cases, the net effect upon equilibrium price will be zero; price will not change.

Therefore the net effect of cattle on a meadow is that the grasses benefit.

The net effect of comet impacts is to erode the Moon, not add mass.

But the net effect has been to leave exactly the same number dependent upon means-tested assistance.

Ultimately, the net effect of the Bettelheim uproar was-not much.

opposite

Crash dieting and yo-yo dieting, on the other hand, will have the opposite effect .

Where we followed his lead-particularly in low-income housing-we often had the opposite effect , crippling community-based organizations.

Do administrations of the right pursue policies which have the opposite effects ?

The two hormones exert opposite effects .

This was precisely the opposite effect to that of green.

It seems Cheltenham's artistic attempt to engender friendship is having exactly the opposite effect , for the time being at least.

But his single-minded determination to push through the single currency against rising opposition is producing precisely the opposite effect .

positive

These results show a significant positive effect of maturity on volatility, and this contradicts the Samuelson hypothesis of a negative effect.

However, including blacks in real estate ads does produce positive effects for black readers.

In other words, general levels of income inequality have a positive effect on the incidence of political violence.

When you stop using the visualizations and the affirmations, eventually the positive effects disappear.

In this way the audit regime has the positive effect of improving professional standards.

Watching a 16-year-old going through something like that is more likely to have a positive effect .

This has a definite positive effect on our state of mind.

Competition and ruthless downsizing have had positive effects .

possible

Uncertain as to the cause the Doctor is even more worried about the possible effects .

Some analysts say the possible effect of the gender gap is being overblown.

They list possible side effects as mild to moderate and transient.

Spicer started reading up on the possible coarsening effects of media violence on young children.

This allowed an evaluation to be made of the possible effect pre-entry study on performance.

Make sure you understand what you are being offered and why, and also the possible effects they may have.

Twelve of these children received previous antibiotic therapy for various reasons, with possible inadvertent effects on the diagnosis of H pylori.

Thus a possible deleterious effect of hyperinsulinaemia may be the inhibition of prostacyclin production by arterial wall.

profound

To achieve this a set of regulations has been introduced which is having a profound effect on the electrical and electronics sectors.

His writings indeed had a profound effect on others whose names appeared on the list.

The speculation had an even more profound effect on the public sector.

Taken together, different combinations of presidential, electoral, and party systems can have profound effects on democratic performance.

The changes have had a profound effect .

Rapid production of such large amounts of material clearly has profound effects on the land round the volcano.

serious

All these points can be acknowledged without serious effect upon the method.

Phenytoin has the advantage of being cheaper and having a lower incidence of serious hematologic side effects than carbamazepine.

These cuts will also have a serious effect on the availability of legal help in criminal cases.

Orthostatic hypotension occasionally is a serious side effect .

The conflict was regularly reported in the mass media and had a serious effect on public confidence in the party.

But like the drugs that made it possible, the plan had serious side effects .

Nearly 80 percent of Party membership was unemployed, with serious effects on Party finance and organization.

Sarcoidosis also can produce serious ill effects in the heart, eyes and nervous system.

significant

Cocaine addiction does not invariably give rise to physiological addiction and there may be no significant physical effects of withdrawal.

There was no significant effect on other types of cancer.

This regime should have been more than adequate to demonstrate any significant short-term effects of reduced sleep.

Other significant side effects were uncommon.

Indomethacin given alone had no significant effect .

For squamous cell carcinomas of the oesophagus, histological differentiation grade has no significant effect on survival.

No one doubts that the move will have significant lasting effects on the world of Unix and its relations.

■ NOUN

greenhouse

Ever tighter regulations are being introduced to protect the environment from emissions contributing to the greenhouse effect or acid rain.

This is the well-known greenhouse effect .

These are the greenhouse effect , the destruction of the ozone layer, and acid rain.

But scientists increasingly believe that it is one of the chief pollutants responsible for the greenhouse effect warming the planet.

Background A tax on carbon-producing fuels such as coal, gas and oil has been proposed to help counter the greenhouse effect .

The answer is that the greenhouse effect is very weak on Mars.

Nitrous oxide Six percent of the current greenhouse effect .

This enhancement of the greenhouse effect leads to increasing Earth-surface temperatures and global climate change.

■ VERB

achieve

Basking in this praise, he went into considerable technical detail about how he had achieved the effect .

We could achieve the same effect just by having everyone add a bunch of zeroes to their salaries and to prices.

I found that by adding white I could achieve my desired effect .

Sleeping on a contoured pillow will achieve the same effect if you prefer sleeping on foam rather than feathers.

The playing with words to achieve effect in the description of the progress of the wave is fascinating.

However, they illustrate what can be achieved through the powerful effects of organizing small.

So an illustration may offer far wider possibilities for the art director to achieve special effects and a distinctive style.

It's improbable that a male college would have achieved a similar effect with men or women.

cause

Biased estimates of variation in reproductive success may also cause the effects of particular phenotypic traits on reproductive success to be overestimated.

There is no beginning, no middle, no end, no suspense, no moral, no causes , no effects .

And this can cause side effects which can be so severe that the drugs must be used very sparingly.

However, the treatment itself can cause damaging side effects .

At the discussions, time is given to cause and effect , but this is mainly at a conscious level.

In some cases, the increased blood levels of a drug can cause an overdose effect .

A small amount of Lentizol can kill and a wrong dose of Stelazine can cause serious side effects .

The drugs can cause side effects , however, when administered systemically in doses high enough to be effective in the eye.

create

The familiarity of features captured by the picture, creating the effect of instant recognition.

Groups of animals create special effects .

Spread on to the cake drum, blending the colours together with a palette knife to create a sea effect .

It created an odd effect , because, as he shook his head, he still fanned himself with his straw hat.

It is particularly popular with Interior Designers wanting to create original effects for their specialist clientele.

In Quaker circles, it is possible that his witness did create some ripple effects .

Guaranteed prices for agricultural products have created a knock-on effect resulting in high land prices and high food costs.

Hand-painted clouds on the walls and ceiling help to create that effect along with a warm and genuinely friendly staff.

produce

Direct and indirect effects Multiple causality means that two or more causes tend to work together to produce an effect.

The drug produces more psychiatric effects and probably more cardiac toxicity than does levodopa.

A cause has a power to produce its effect .

Embracing Mary Shelley, enjoying her love and her perfumes, had produced the greatest solvent effect so far.

Although these medications can produce side effects , they are uncommon.

The police often collaborate in producing an expectancy effect .

It produces effects that mimic those of many other drugs, such as opium, cocaine, Valium, and ether.

show

Yet the cited studies have shown that the macroeconomic effects of such rigidities can be quite substantial.

In particular, we have shown that the effect of context on word identification is different.

I see him standing in that cold weather, never showing the effects of it.

These results show a significant positive effect of maturity on volatility, and this contradicts the Samuelson hypothesis of a negative effect.

Moceanu, showing no ill effects from the injury that threatened to keep her out of the Olympics, was efficient throughout.

The results have varied, showing no effect in some and decreased secretion in others.

The illustration shows the devastating effect on the marble produced by structural movement and the ingress of acid rain.

take

The Basic Law took effect subject to the Occupation Statute, which came into force at the same time.

By the time the order took effect , however, the issue had already become moot.

This Treaty took effect , and the Occupation Statute was repealed, on 5 May 1955.

The contracts are to be awarded in October, and will take effect from April 1999.

Because of the constitutional dispute, Proposition 209 did not take effect until Thursday.

About 75 percent of all the proposed spending cuts would take effect after 2000&038;.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

domino effect

If schools were allowed to become more selective, there would be a domino effect.

Opponents of the scheme claimed that if the museum moved from Golden Gate Park it would have a domino effect on the other facilities.

As top-tier schools are forced to become less selective, there will be a domino effect.

Each of the organizational parts was working on its specific concerns, and no one analyzed the domino effect.

His farm lies next to Burnfoot and he fears approval for further planting there will start a domino effect throughout the valley.

It started a domino effect which exists even today.

It would create a domino effect across the board.

The domino effect can work for us as well as against us if we play our cards right.

What ensued was the by now familiar domino effect of emerging market crises.

feel the force/effects/benefits etc of sth

Both say they now feel the effects of alcohol far sooner than when they smoked.

He feels the effects of the night before, of a beat struck many times last night and last year.

His body was slack, and as he grew colder and more tired, he felt the force of his will diminish.

Kodak felt the effects of the anemic retail environment in December, the worst holiday shopping season since the 1991 recession.

Southern California residents will feel the benefits of the new fuel, rather than see them.

The next hour passed amiably, by which time the two of them began to feel the effects of the day.

This force is universal, that is, every particle feels the force of gravity, according to its mass or energy.

When they speak, I feel the force of history bearing down on me.

have a knock-on effect (on sth)

Aid can have a knock-on effect in neighbouring countries which are also in great need.

First, proposed increases in energy and payroll taxes could have a knock-on effect on wage demands and prices.

It will cost hundreds of thousands of pounds, and may have a knock-on effect.

Persecuting Nonconformists could have a knock-on effect in a community, hitting those who were loyal to the established Church.

There are inevitable disruptions to deliveries such as vehicle breakdowns which have knock-on effects to delivery schedules.

This will have a knock-on effect throughout the economy, and will drive up interest rates generally.

net result/effect

The net result of global warming will be a rise in sea levels.

The new system is designed to spread payments over several months but the net effect is that people pay more in total.

But the net effect has been to leave exactly the same number dependent upon means-tested assistance.

The net effect is to paralyze the organization in the present.

The net effect of superimposing habituation on imprinting would be to displace the preference away from the familiar.

The net result is clear: the wire will be pulled toward Mars and will stay taut under this combination of forces.

The net result of this mechanism is increased sodium in the extracellular fluid.

The net result, say some officials, is that foreign money has frequently ended up fertilising or irrigating opium fields.

We found that neither in theory nor in practice need the net effect be one of disincentive.

Yet the net result of his pages of lists is to create a curious abundance-effect.

placebo effect

However, you then have another problem called the placebo effect.

Medicine has generally regarded the placebo effect as a nuisance: it does make research on new medical drugs very difficult.

With diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, it is less obvious how the placebo effect works.

put sth into action/effect/practice

Forest managers have been slow to put the plan into practice.

But he came gradually to see its viability and to contemplate ways of putting it into practice.

But there is a long way to go before he establishes a stable government that can put these qualities into action.

Charles, however, was determined to use the farm at Highgrove as a model to put his ideas into practice.

Guide us to recognise how great are your resources, and inspire us to put your plans into action.

If so, he was about to have an opportunity to put it into practice.

It's time to put his theories into practice and find out the reality.

The next stage is to implement it or put it into action.

The next step is to put them into practice.

ripple effect

And once you have so many farmers going broke, the ripple effect starts.

Every woman who replaces traditional motherhood with self-nourishing motherhood creates ripple effects in our communities and our places of work.

In Quaker circles, it is possible that his witness did create some ripple effects.

Indeed, any new policy may be described as having a ripple effect.

While the worst may be over, one airline consultant warned that ripple effects could last two more weeks.

snowball effect

A snowball effect is the desired goal.

All this has a snowball effect on the day's turnover and on the individual dealers' commissions.

That affects the mock-up, or test, of the windows, and it has a snowball effect on other trades.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

All my efforts to persuade them were beginning to have an effect .

Any increase in fuel costs could have a bad effect on business.

Gail was still recovering from the effects of her operation.

I've been taking these pills for three days, but so far they've had no effect .

I tried using bleach to remove the stain, but without much effect .

I was starting to feel the effects of two nights without much sleep.

Storni's use of rhythm creates an effect of tension in her poems.

The effects of the oil spill were devastating for wildlife.

The death of a parent can have very serious and long-lasting effects on a child.

the harmful effects of radiation

The study measured the effect of fertilizers on the size of crops.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

At the same time, materials scientists launch an extensive search for other materials that might have similar effects.

But they are concerned about the psychological effect the experience may have on the girls.

However, the establishment of cause and effect in education is notoriously difficult.

I saw her later in my office because the Hyper. 30 had no effect .

In effect , a personalized automated trading system can be created without having to go to any financial institution.

Patients with renal failure are, in effect , undergoing an osmotic diuresis since solute load per remaining functioning nephron is increased.

Sleeping on a contoured pillow will achieve the same effect if you prefer sleeping on foam rather than feathers.

The exploration of the effect of unconscious associations between words and ideas certainly takes eighteenth-century criticism into a new field.

II. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ NOUN

cure

In order to effect a lasting cure , it is necessary to correct the fundamental imbalance or disharmony.

He said all her friends had advised it; they had cited many cases where it had effected a cure .

improvement

Indeed it was possible that the obstacles to change in Britain were too deeply ingrained for any government to effect significant improvements .

A quick partial water change will often effect an improvement in a matter of hours.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

domino effect

If schools were allowed to become more selective, there would be a domino effect.

Opponents of the scheme claimed that if the museum moved from Golden Gate Park it would have a domino effect on the other facilities.

As top-tier schools are forced to become less selective, there will be a domino effect.

Each of the organizational parts was working on its specific concerns, and no one analyzed the domino effect.

His farm lies next to Burnfoot and he fears approval for further planting there will start a domino effect throughout the valley.

It started a domino effect which exists even today.

It would create a domino effect across the board.

The domino effect can work for us as well as against us if we play our cards right.

What ensued was the by now familiar domino effect of emerging market crises.

have a knock-on effect (on sth)

Aid can have a knock-on effect in neighbouring countries which are also in great need.

First, proposed increases in energy and payroll taxes could have a knock-on effect on wage demands and prices.

It will cost hundreds of thousands of pounds, and may have a knock-on effect.

Persecuting Nonconformists could have a knock-on effect in a community, hitting those who were loyal to the established Church.

There are inevitable disruptions to deliveries such as vehicle breakdowns which have knock-on effects to delivery schedules.

This will have a knock-on effect throughout the economy, and will drive up interest rates generally.

net result/effect

The net result of global warming will be a rise in sea levels.

The new system is designed to spread payments over several months but the net effect is that people pay more in total.

But the net effect has been to leave exactly the same number dependent upon means-tested assistance.

The net effect is to paralyze the organization in the present.

The net effect of superimposing habituation on imprinting would be to displace the preference away from the familiar.

The net result is clear: the wire will be pulled toward Mars and will stay taut under this combination of forces.

The net result of this mechanism is increased sodium in the extracellular fluid.

The net result, say some officials, is that foreign money has frequently ended up fertilising or irrigating opium fields.

We found that neither in theory nor in practice need the net effect be one of disincentive.

Yet the net result of his pages of lists is to create a curious abundance-effect.

placebo effect

However, you then have another problem called the placebo effect.

Medicine has generally regarded the placebo effect as a nuisance: it does make research on new medical drugs very difficult.

With diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, it is less obvious how the placebo effect works.

ripple effect

And once you have so many farmers going broke, the ripple effect starts.

Every woman who replaces traditional motherhood with self-nourishing motherhood creates ripple effects in our communities and our places of work.

In Quaker circles, it is possible that his witness did create some ripple effects.

Indeed, any new policy may be described as having a ripple effect.

While the worst may be over, one airline consultant warned that ripple effects could last two more weeks.

snowball effect

A snowball effect is the desired goal.

All this has a snowball effect on the day's turnover and on the individual dealers' commissions.

That affects the mock-up, or test, of the windows, and it has a snowball effect on other trades.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

But there is nothing to preclude a charge being brought under section 5 even though the arrest was not effected under the section.

But you can never effect a total kill.

Fatigue is another factor that can effect the pods causing the end plates to bend or crack and lose contact.

He proposed to make the army-the dependable support of the Constitution rather than the pawn of politicians to effect its overthrow.

The differentiation was effected, rather, by a different body of linguistic rules.

There is no question that Clinton was the leader of the Great Group that effected his victory.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.