Meaning of EFFECT in English

EFFECT

I. ə̇ˈfekt, eˈ-, ēˈ- noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French & Latin; Middle French, from Latin effectus, from effectus, past participle of efficere to bring about, accomplish, effect, from ex- + -ficere (from facere to make, do) — more at do

1. : something that is produced by an agent or cause : something that follows immediately from an antecedent : a resultant condition : result , outcome

low mortality, the effect of excellent social services available in every village — William Petersen

as tolerance develops, the addict needs more and more of the drug to give him the same effect he originally obtained from a small dose — D.W.Maurer & V.H.Vogel

his feet in the most appalling state from the effects of porcupine quills — James Stevenson-Hamilton

2.

a. : purpose , intention , end

as a boy he had gone to work early to the effect that he might help out his parents

b. : the result of purpose or intention : advantage

employed his knowledge to little effect in the development of his organization

3. : an outward sign : manifestation , appearance

the sky effects by day and night are grander — Wilfrid Eggleston

4. obsolete : accomplishment , fulfillment

5. obsolete : something acquired as the expected result of an action

6. : reality , fact — now used only in the phrase in effect

the guilder became in effect convertible with other currencies in free Continental Europe — Alan Valentine

7. : power to bring about a result : operative force : influence

the effect of wind in changing tide levels — Geographical Review

the effect of great demand upon supply

all of the children in the schoolroom felt the effect of her happiness — Sherwood Anderson

8. effects plural : movable property : goods

her household effects were sold at auction but her clothing, jewelry, and other personal effects were given away

9.

a. : a distinctive impression upon the human senses

a concentration on detail at a cost to total effect — Irving Kolodin

achieves amazing effects with his woodcuts — José Gómez-Siere

decorated in yellow, which increased the effect of lightness — Sheila Kaye-Smith

also : the creation of a desired impression

her sobs were purely for effect

b. : something designed to produce such an impression

never have we been so bombarded with trick effects — 3-D, cinemascope, panoramic screens — John Baker

the technique of sound effects was extremely limited and used only … for such things as doorbells — Richard Hubbell

10. : the quality or state of being operative

the subcommittee's recommendations were quickly given effect — W.R.Langdon

the court will not give effect to a judgment based on unfair proceedings

specifically : operation

a commission was set up to carry the new proposals into effect

the agreement will have to be approved by a majority before it can go into effect

the same excises and corporate tax rates that are now in effect — William Fellner

— compare take effect at take

11. : basic meaning : tenor , essence

12. : a specific scientific phenomenon named usually for its discoverer

Faraday effect

13. : one in a series of evaporators

Synonyms:

result , consequence , upshot , aftereffect , aftermath , sequel , issue , outcome , event : these ten nouns are similar in signifying something, usually a condition, situation, or occurrence, ascribable to a cause or combination of causes. effect is the correlative of the word cause and in general use implies something necessarily and directly following upon or occurring by reason of the cause, generally applying to intangibles such as bodily or social conditions or states of mind or feeling

the effect of the medicine was an intermittent dizziness

the effect of the speech was immediate governmental reform

tanning is the effect of exposure to sunlight

the effects of the hurricane were visible in roofless houses and uprooted trees

result , close to effect in meaning, implies a direct relationship with an antecedent action or condition though possibly less direct than effect , usually suggesting an effect in the character of a termination of the operation of a cause, and applying more commonly than effect to tangible objects

the result of the investigation was a scandalous exposure of corruption

his limp was the result of an automobile accident

the result of the marriage was a family of seven children

the subsiding flood or surface waters cause mineral deposits and the result is a mound — Alice Duncan-Kemp

consequence may suggest a direct but looser or more remote connection with a cause than either effect or result , usually implying an adverse or calamitous effect and often suggesting a chain of intermediate causes or a complexity of effect

one of the consequences of his ill-advised conduct was a loss of prestige

his poor health is a consequence of early privation

both good and bad consequences can follow upon the acquisition of much leisure

upshot often implies a climax or conclusion in a series of consequent occurrences, or the most conclusive point of a single complex gradual consequence

we spent the time swimming at Glenelg and dancing at the Palais Royal in the city. The upshot was that, before we left … we were engaged — Rex Ingamells

they won the battle, and the upshot was a short-lived bourgeois republic — Roy Lewis & Angus Maude

the upshot of the whole matter was that there was no wedding — Padraic Colum

aftereffect and aftermath both usually designate secondary rather than direct or immediate effects. aftereffect besides designating a secondary effect sometimes suggests a side effect but more generally implies an effect ascribable to a previous effect that has become a cause

the aftereffects of an atomic-bomb explosion — Current Biography

although the pioneer effort had reached a dead end, its aftereffects were all too apparent — Dayton Kohler

to the left of the highway the blackened appearance is the aftereffect of a fire that has recently swept across the flat — G.R.Stewart

the aftereffects of the war were a general disorder and confusion

aftermath , often suggesting a more complex effect or generalized condition than aftereffect , usually carries the notion of belated consequences that appear after the effects, especially disastrous effects, seem to have passed

the serious dislocations in the world as an aftermath of war — U.S. Code

the aftermath of the epidemic in Memphis was worse than the dismal days of Reconstruction — American Guide Series: Tennessee

asbestos dust has the same effect as silica, the resulting disease being known as “asbestosis”, with pulmonary tuberculosis as the aftermath — V.M.Ehlers & E.W.Steel

sequel is usually used to signify a result that follows after an interval

spinal curvature … may be a symptom or a sequel to many different diseases — Morris Fishbein

she lay rigid experiencing the sequel to the pain, an ideal terror — Jean Stafford

issue , the way something, for example an argument, comes out, carries strongly the notion of result as a solution or resolution

a contest of wits between the criminal and the police — usually aided in fiction by a quicker-witted private detective — a contest in which the issue is still the greatest and gravest of all, life or death — A.C.Ward

the war was by then obviously proceeding toward a successful issue — F.M.Ford

outcome , interchangeable with result or with issue , possibly carries the notion of less finality than does issue

the outcome of the presidential election

the enduring organisms are now the outcome of evolution — A.N.Whitehead

one outcome of this report was the formation of the Southern Conference for Human Welfare — Current Biography

his book is the outcome of two years' travels in India, China, and Siam — Geographical Journal

event , rare and somewhat archaic in the sense pertinent here, of outcome or result, usually carries the notion of an unpredictable or unforeseeable outcome

the happiness of Rome appeared to hang on the event of a race — Edward Gibbon

he employed himself at Edinburgh till the event of the conflict between the court and the Whigs was no longer doubtful — T.B.Macaulay

the calm assumption that I should live long enough to carry out my extensive plan at leisure … has in the event been justified — Havelock Ellis

- in effect

- to the effect

II. transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

1. : to cause to come into being : produce

specific genes effect specific bodily characters

2.

a. : to bring about especially through successful use of factors contributory to the result : accomplish , execute

passage could be effected only by way of certain transverse valleys and high passes — W.G.East

the Romans who, with superb political skill, effected the unification of Italy — Benjamin Farrington

minor repairs to the road were effected during the summer

— compare affect III 1

b. : to put into effect

consistently taken the position that the function of the president is to effect the public will — R.H.Rovere

Synonyms: see perform

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.