Meaning of MEASURE in English

MEASURE

I. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a controversial measure (= an official action that is controversial )

Banning smoking in public places was a controversial measure.

a degree/measure of protection (= some protection )

The shelter gave us a measure of protection against the bitter cold.

a safety measure (= something that is done to make something safe )

New safety measures have been introduced after two horses died in last year’s race.

an earthquake measures 5/6.4 etc on the Richter Scale

The earthquake, which measured 7.6 on the Richter scale, left more than 20,000 homeless.

an experiment to test/measure/find out sth

We did an experiment to test the acidity of the soil.

austerity measures (= reductions in government spending )

IMF-backed austerity measures

biosecurity measures

Poultry producers have started to adopt strict biosecurity measures .

conservation measures/policies/issues etc

It is important that nature conservation issues are taken into account.

corrective action/measures

corrective measures to deal with the country’s serious economic decline

defensive measure

The rockets are a purely defensive measure against nuclear attack.

desperate measures (= extreme things you do to stop a problem or bad situation )

They had to take desperate measures to stop the spread of the disease.

draconian measures/controls/penalties etc

draconian measures to control population growth

drastic action/measures

NATO threatened drastic action if its terms were not met.

efficiency measures (= changes introduced to make something more efficient )

The new efficiency measures are designed to improve the health service.

emergency measures (= special actions that are taken to deal with a very serious situation )

The president announced emergency measures to deal with terrorism.

fiscal policy/measure

sound good fiscal policy

generous amount/helping/measure etc

a generous helping of pasta

half measures

Half measures will not fix the health care system.

measure the distance between things

Now we are able to measure the distances between the planets.

measure the length of sth

The children measured the length of their shadows at three different times of day.

measured (= very carefully controlled )

He spoke slowly, in a calm and measured tone.

measuring jug

measuring tape

measuring...on the Richter scale

a severe earthquake measuring 7.2 on the Richter scale

package of measures/proposals/incentives etc

The government has announced a package of measures to assist affected areas.

precautionary measure

More troops were sent to the area as a precautionary measure .

preventive action/measure

While travelling abroad, take preventive measures to avoid illness.

punitive action/measures etc

The agency sent a letter, but took no punitive action.

radical measures (= extreme actions )

Instead of retreating, he suggested even more radical measures.

security measures/arrangements

Residents have been warned to take extra security measures following a spate of burglaries.

stopgap measure

It’s only a stopgap measure , not a long-term solution.

tape measure

temporary measure

The bridge was erected as a temporary measure .

Traffic calming measures

Traffic calming measures have been introduced.

veto legislation/a measure/a proposal etc

President Bush vetoed the bill on July 6.

yardstick...measure

These subjects are used as a yardstick against which to measure the children’s progress.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADVERB

as

The main physical benefit is improving the fitness level as measured by the maximum oxygen uptake.

They help train Baja California police officers, firefighters and rescue teams in such basic first-aid measures as cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Instead, they would each have their own individual time, as measured by a clock each carried with him.

Inventory control, as measured by the below-average days sales in inventory number, also must be judged as excellent.

Portion of gamma-ray spectrum as measured by Fleischmann etal.

But perhaps he had taken his own colleagues' measure as well.

The emphasis was switched to the growth of narrow money, as measured by M0.

The middle class, as measured by the percentage of households at each income level, is fading.

how

A spectrograph measures how bright a star is at any given wavelength.

We invented something called the roar-o-meter to measure how funny something was.

The standards set out guidelines against which practices can measure how well they manage themselves.

One might as well try to measure how many grains of sand will be moved by a tidal wave.

The technique can continually measure how much pressure is being exerted.

Before you put the cake in the oven, measure how far the mixture is from the top of the pan.

Typically a test might consist of measuring how many symbols could be copied in 2 minutes.

The researchers measured how much food the students ate by weighing how much was left in the room after the students departed.

up

Take a look at yourself in a mirror and judge for yourself if you measure up .

But it simply has not measured up to that daunting task.

How does the performance measure up against the best in the world?

Try as they might, however, the younger singers rarely measure up to their forebears.

But does any church really measure up to that kind of expectation?

He had technique and discipline, and he insisted she measure up .

The graphics are very slick for an arcade game that measure up very well compared to the latest Sega offerings.

There is no guaranteed way for you or me to see reality measure up to our dreams.

■ NOUN

activity

Answer guide: Because the accounts are to do with measuring economic activity rather than the timing of receipts and payments. 7.

It is easier to observe and measure electrical activity than it is to understand the chemical properties.

Second, their brain functions, as measured by electrical activity and high-tech scanning, are dissimilar.

The index measures Chicago-area activity only, but that accounts for a significant part of the state economy.

The study of the kinetics of this reaction enables the laboratory to measure enzyme activity accurately and specifically.

amount

The researchers' aim was simply to measure the amount of oxygen consumed by the camels under various conditions.

They worry that there is no way to measure the amount of milk the baby is receiving.

Economic development is measured using the amount of energy consumed in any given year.

If younger children want to feed your fish it's usually best to measure out the correct amount for them.

Weighing machines work by measuring the amount by which a spring is compressed when some one stands on it.

She measured the amount with one quick look.

The hood was attached to a machine which measured the amount of oxygen breathed in and the carbon dioxide produced.

change

It certainly can not, therefore, be used to measure change over time: one of the reasons for its use.

All are subjects of experiments that will measure changes in development brought on by space flight.

He developed statistical techniques to study the variability of wild populations and to measure changes in the range of variability over time.

Other important methods measure regional changes in blood flow within the brain.

Durkheim was especially concerned to try to measure changes in the basis of social solidarity.

Pollsters who surveyed the group before the convention will measure changes in their attitudes after the four-day event.

This measures the percentage change in the value of the call in response to a given change in the price of the share.

If performance indicators are designed to measure change , and goals are expressed in terms of improvement, this process will be easier.

concentration

Bile salt and peptides were measured in molar concentrations .

For clinical purposes, one means of measuring overall concentration would be to measure the serum osmolality directly.

distance

It won't be very accurate in practice, because of difficulty in measuring the distances accurately, but at least it's right.

Then measure the same distance from the outside down, and that will mark where the floor is on the inside.

Have a student use one of the yardsticks to measure the distance . 2.

Both, in their different ways, were measuring the distance between themselves and others.

A laser altimeter will measure the distance to Eros, gradually assembling a detailed topographical map.

Hubble was forced, therefore, to use indirect methods to measure the distances .

Sergeant Ninez was playing with his compass and map, measuring distances and calculating the best route back to Orange.

foot

The body itself was not much more than five feet tall, the coffin measuring five foot 6 inches in length.

He had time to measure the shot in feet , meters and degree of difficulty in seven languages.

Within the hour, Hari had measured several pairs of feet and had enough orders to keep her busy for several weeks.

It measures 28 feet in length and 20 feet in girth. the tail from point to point is 8 feet.

It was of square plan, each side measuring over 350 feet and completely enclosed by stoas.

The members would like six-inch knitted squares or six-inch wide strips measuring six or four feet .

Participants fight with poles measuring around six feet in length.

Many of the rides in Monks Wood are wide, measuring up to sixty feet across.

index

The city keeps a four-part Municipal Performance Index , which measures both its efficiency and its effectiveness over time.

The index is designed to measure the performance of the local economy.

The index measures small businesses' sales, hiring, stock prices and other factors.

The index measuring the prices manufacturers paid for goods rose to 11. 4 from 4. 5 in December.

The index measures Chicago-area activity only, but that accounts for a significant part of the state economy.

level

Hall effect semiconductors will measure low flux levels although their response tends to be non-linear and temperature dependent.

Respiratory alkalosis is characterized by a primary deficiency in physically dissolved CO2 which is quantitated by measuring the blood PCO2 level .

The test measures levels of ubiquitin in individual sperm.

It is important to measure serum levels at steady state after each change of dose.

Attempts to measure interaction level are usually based on self-report studies, which do have methodological problems.

It remains difficult, however, to measure this level of self-sufficiency on purely archaeological grounds.

She also needs an expensive test to measure levels of virus in her blood.

method

Real time ultrasound is a simple method of measuring gastric emptying which has been validated by previous studies.

Another difficulty is that the various methods of measuring the lag are subject to severe criticisms.

Hubble was forced, therefore, to use indirect methods to measure the distances.

Other important methods measure regional changes in blood flow within the brain.

The main problem with this demand for money function is that of finding a method of measuring total wealth.

A better method is to measure the time taken for the full code to be read in.

Sir Crispin advocated the need to change the method of measuring the wealth of nations.

Banks will be able to choose among different methods of measuring credit risk.

number

C is to measure the number of atoms present, or a proportion of them, by mass spectrometry.

Our economy is measured in numbers and statistics.

And, measured by the number of delegates at stake, the next, the pivotal battleground would be New York.

But that is measured by the number of workers - which has declined sharply.

Such a theory would have no predictive power because one could never measure all the infinite number of parameters.

They measured the number of cases brought to court by persons who alleged that their cattle had been stolen.

The performance of lexical access is often measured by number of words correctly identified.

This last has always to be measured in terms of numbers , and can take no account of degree of motivation.

performance

They measure the performance of their agencies, focusing not on inputs but on outcomes.

Because they measure performance , they touch upon people's sensitivities and self-interest.

A comparison of different kinds of rocket engines with each other requires some measure of their performance .

It can be very difficult to decide how to measure performance at many jobs.

The managers eventually learned to cope with the ambiguity in measuring their performance .

Mental performance tests By now it might be wondered whether there is any satisfactory way to measure mental performance.

The index is designed to measure the performance of the local economy.

position

Using a sensing laser the robot measures its position more than 1000 times a second.

The greater the precision with which you measure the position , the more uncertain the momentum becomes, and vice versa.

With switch S1 in position 1 the distortion-plus-noise is measured .

In classical mechanics one can predict the results of measuring both the position and the velocity of a particle.

Alternatively, he can predict the result of measuring one combination of position and velocity.

The more precisely you measure the position of a particle, the less precisely you can measure its velocity, and viceversa.

The central problem is that you could never measure the original position of the page with sufficient accuracy.

Consider what is involved in measuring the position of an electron.

price

The relationship between quantity demanded of a commodity and its price is normally measured by the price elasticity of demand.

These stories choose to measure the price of things rather than to lay blame.

But then they tumbled the following year, crashing by 31 percent when measured against the price of manufactured goods.

The price deflator measures the size of price increases, and detects whether higher costs drive consumers away from a product.

Most subsequent studies have shown the difficulty of measuring the price response of demand.

The change in price from the first to the second sale of each house is the basic unit measured .

Default risk will be measured by the price spread on the two bonds being compared.

The index measuring the prices manufacturers paid for goods rose to 11. 4 from 4. 5 in December.

rate

Measuring the rate of protein synthesis then becomes a matter of measuring the rate at which amino acids are incorporated into proteins.

The real rate as measured by the rate on long-term government bonds has actually risen since the end of the cold war.

Thus it should be possible to measure growth rate by this method.

Since the mid-1980s a direct means of measuring present rates and directions of plate motion has become available.

The big differences are to be measured in terms of rates of growth of output and of levels of output per head.

It is doubtful whether this index provides an appropriate basis for measuring the rate of inflation.

We do not expect doctors to run an intensive care unit simply by measuring the pulse rates of their patients.

scale

But there is no scale for measuring our efficiency to smell.

Five standardized scales were used to measure these factors.

The scale is measured from Force 0 to Force 12.

The time scale is measured in years rather than months.

security

Some security police were measuring distances; others were looking for clues.

The bombing has forced Olympic officials to step up security measures throughout Olympic venues and surrounding facilities.

Heavy security measures and heightened sensitivities to protecting Dole and Kemp were symbols of the convention.

size

When you measure the sizes of birds' beaks, there may be some scatter among the readings.

In the pre-space age era, astronomers measured the size and shape of the Moon and analyzed its motions with precision.

That is measured by the size and capacity of the halls in each territory.

The price deflator measures the size of price increases, and detects whether higher costs drive consumers away from a product.

Measure the rooms carefully; measure the size of the whole plot also.

The observer has no means at his disposal to measure either the size or the distance of the object.

But he had to live a life measured to the size of people who lacked the capacity to understand this.

speed

How does having their own individual time cause people traveling at different speeds to measure the same speed of light?

Are we measuring time and speed or are we measuring something we think is time and speed?

This is important because many devices for measuring low flow speeds in turn require calibration.

Other features of the disc include a built-in metronome that permits players to measure and pace the speed of their playing.

Then I could measure the speed of the wind inside me and know where on the scale I was in general located.

It measures the speed at which you can download material from the Net.

For the more advanced user the speed mode allows typists and companies to measure typing speeds.

Efficiency could be measured in terms of speed of performance, the least amount of storage required or the least number of program lines.

success

It is now not uncommon for consultancies to include in their proposals for a campaign how they intend to measure its success .

This means finding alternative routes to success , and it means measuring and treasuring success in small amounts.

Banks are profit-making corporations; they measure their success in terms of profit, with client satisfaction as the constraint.

Tacitly or explicitly, these beliefs provide your organization with guidelines and criteria for measuring success .

No one can predict the sales success of an ad, and it is often difficult to measure the success even afterwards.

But how to measure success is a matter of debate.

But even a mayor who measures his success at street level must sometimes lift his head above the foliage.

The only way I could be measured as a success would be to win the Super Bowl.

temperature

ERS-1 will also measure sea temperature , contributing to studies into the role that the oceans play in determining global climate.

As you continued to measure temperatures , the temperature in the ceramic cup dropped faster than the temperature in the foam cup.

Tony measures the temperature and tells me it is warming up.

The pilot measures temperatures and samples water and rock and an orange microbial fluff.

If you have a thermometer, measure the temperature of the soil after about 2 hours.

What geophysicists have been lacking is a way to measure the temperature deep down, where radioactive heating plays a lesser role.

Thermocouples are placed in the freshly poured concrete to measure the concrete temperature .

The experiment to measure core temperature , though, had to wait nearly thirty years.

test

The test measures levels of ubiquitin in individual sperm.

About 74 percent supported using a standard test in California to measure student achievement.

Typically a test might consist of measuring how many symbols could be copied in 2 minutes.

Twenty forces do not have tests to measure whether their officers have racist attitudes.

She also needs an expensive test to measure levels of virus in her blood.

Breath hydrogen analysis after oral lactulose containing meals is an easy, non-invasive, bedside test to measure mouth-to-caecum transit time.

And the tests they took measured how well they had learned to do these tasks.

value

How do you measure the value that comes with that exposure?

In the current cost version, capital is measured in terms of its current value , which in many cases is its replacement cost.

The time it takes for a dose of a drug to wear off is measured by a value called a half-life.

Without money, some other means to measure the value of goods against each other would have to be used.

The Black-Scholes model is prized because it measures the fair value of stock option contracts.

These amounts measure the exposure value of each party's sites, regardless of how they were booked.

Why not all financial instruments measured at fair value ?

ways

In 1993/94 we shall be looking for more specific ways of measuring the performance of the Society towards its members.

There are many ways to measure the return on these two basic factors of production, all of them controversial.

Both, in their different ways , were measuring the distance between themselves and others.

They give you ways to measure progress.

Employment and output represent the different ways of measuring the progress of an economy.

In those accounts, as the name implies, there are two ways of measuring the total output of the economy.

This easy-to-read article presents business examples of ways to measure and improve service quality.

Of necessity two different ways of measuring the same thing must come to the same conclusion.

weight

Mass is measured in kilograms and weight in newtons.

He then measured their body weight .

Pancreatic mass can be assessed by measuring wet weight , nucleic acid contents, and protein contents.

yardstick

She had her own yardstick by which she measured complaints as either trivial or needing attention.

Have a student use one of the yardsticks to measure the distance. 2.

They still serve as a yardstick against which to measure each individual school.

They consider that they can use their minds as a sort of yardstick with which to measure the secrets of the Cosmos.

Employers will be given a yardstick against which to measure teachers.

■ VERB

design

These were designed to measure their ability to process sounds.

The index is a price-weighted list of 36 companies designed to measure the economy of west-central Florida.

If performance indicators are designed to measure change, and goals are expressed in terms of improvement, this process will be easier.

The index is designed to measure the performance of the local economy.

Liquidity: ratios designed to measure the ability of the firm to meet its short-term liabilities as they come due. 3.

The freezing point osmometer is an instrument designed to measure the freezing point of solutions.

use

The statistic most often used to measure within-group variability is the standard deviation, although there are other possibilities.

Amperometry iS used to measure the increase in conductivity.

Hopefully in the future it will become standard public relations practice to use research to measure the results or achievements of campaigns.

It certainly can not, therefore, be used to measure change over time: one of the reasons for its use.

Possible models are a power of the intensity or its exponential, where the radiometer is used to measure the intensity.

In practice, a mechanical formula is used to measure depreciation.

The three criteria used to measure the worth of information were; speed of response, quality and cost.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

fence-mending measures/talks/trips etc

give sb short measure

half measures

Half measures will not fix America's health-care problems.

I suppose I was never contented with half measures.

Learn your trade fully, do the job properly - no half measures.

The only alternative to Lloyd George's lies were Asquith's half measures.

There's no half measures to playing this way.

in large part/measure

Alvin had always made it plain that his company existed in large part to provide work for black dancers.

As it turns out, the fears that govern such organizations derive in large part from invalid or negative core beliefs.

My conception of postmodernist de-differentiation via an aesthetics of desire was also in large part dependent on Lyotard's work.

Realism is now out of fashion, in large part as a consequence of those silly semantic claims.

This continuity can be explained in large part by the nature of the superstructure.

This is due in large part to the national officers and to yourselves and your colleagues.

Whether the high jumper can requalify against stiff competition depends in large part upon the other big change: her takeoff.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Can you measure the desk to see if it'll fit into that corner?

Electrodes were attached to his chest in order to measure his heart rate.

Put the soil into a sack measuring 50 centimetres across.

Seismologists in Japan measured the earthquake at 7.7 on the Richter scale.

Some species of python have been measured at over 28 feet long.

Surgeons use a laser with a beam measuring less than the width of a human hair.

The foam seat pad measures 19 by 22 inches and is a quarter-inch thick.

The GNP figures measure the rate of growth in the economy.

The nurse weighed me and measured my height.

The tree in the backyard measures 30 feet in height.

The yacht measures eighty-four feet and is fitted out to the highest standards.

We should measure the wall before we buy new shelves.

When full grown, the Blue Whale measures 110 feet in length.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Again, how many could be one in a set period of time would be measured.

Income must equal expenditure when all the sources of income and types of expenditure are classified and measured.

Long enough that he stopped looking around, stopped measuring his relationship to his surroundings.

Rabbits and other hunted animals do not need to measure distance accurately.

The value of government support to the industry can not be measured in terms of cash expenditures.

They measured it all out painstakingly.

II. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

appropriate

In such situations we take appropriate measures to ensure that strict confidentiality is maintained in all respects.

Adopted the appropriate safety measures , and 3.

Consider whether this is likely, and if it is, try out the appropriate avoidance measures .

It is then necessary to develop appropriate measures for this performance.

We all have to show goodwill and find appropriate emergency measures .

What is the appropriate measure of scale difference between industrial activities?

Devaluation has often been perceived as an appropriate measure for countries running high and persistent balance of payments current account deficits.

Performance indicators are becoming more sophisticated as managers wrestle with the problems of choosing and monitoring appropriate measures of quality and effectiveness.

desperate

But by 1613 even more desperate measures were in contemplation.

So far, the most desperate of measures has not been taken, perhaps because would-be refugees have nowhere to run.

Desperate times call for desperate measures .

The first is that if she stayed it would look as if the Conservatives were resorting to desperate measures .

James's increasing financial difficulties impelled him to desperate measures .

There are other examples, however, of desperate times begetting desperate measures .

drastic

The report, drawn up by a special council management team, says drastic measures are needed to stop the decline.

California law protects him from having to take such drastic measures , however.

In any case, there may be no need to resort to the drastic measure of buying with friends.

Companies these days also reduce costs by taking drastic measures within.

I was beginning to get desperate. Drastic measures were called for.

Last year, the Republic of Texas set up headquarters in San Antonio and resolved to take more drastic measures .

Why did I think it necessary to take such drastic measures ?

On a tough Oxford estate drastic measures were needed to prevent further damage.

economic

They did not create too great an economic burden; they were not themselves economic measures .

They also plan to push for economic measures to reduce promotion and sales, and boost taxation of tobacco products.

Arteaga and Alarcon have publicly opposed the extreme economic measures Bucaram had announced, while supporting more gradual reform.

equal

Advertising proved a more fertile category, with decisions which set heads nodding and shaking in equal measure .

The opponent during all of this was reduced to looking on with equal measures of admiration and amazement.

Her doubts about its truth do not, in equal measure , dislodge her belief.

Neil Young commands fear and respect in equal measure .

I was angry and embarrassed in equal measure and hated them.

Is it one of those reactions that occur spontaneously when journalists' ink is mixed with an equal measure of pure ignorance?

Bishop had known what was happening: the Guild of Adjudicators was famed and feared in equal measure amongst the Earth colonies.

extreme

Public opinion, it was argued, would react unfavourably to such an extreme measure .

It was not an alien phenomenon and, as such, did not provoke an extreme response or demand extreme measures .

Extreme measures perhaps but unfortunately extreme measures are becoming necessary.

He hoped that such extreme measures would not be necessary.

In times of political unrest, the danger that extreme measures will be taken increases.

So when a blizzard or a budget standoff sends them home, some federal workaholics resort to extreme measures .

Arteaga and Alarcon have publicly opposed the extreme economic measures Bucaram had announced, while supporting more gradual reform.

The strike is the most extreme measure by which the students can peacefully protest their dissatisfactions.

fiscal

A supplementary package of time-limited fiscal measures aims to help get the economy moving.

Mr. Maples Any change in fiscal measures has to be agreed by unanimous vote in the Council of Ministers.

Any fiscal measures dampening demand for new cars will only increase unemployment in the motor trade.

What would be the likely consequences of specific changes in the current set of fiscal measures affecting forestry?

Discusses possible constraints on developing urban capacity, and examines planning and fiscal measures to unlock it.

In addition to fiscal measures , price controls have sometimes been used as a weapon.

full

The long room was dark, but a tiny light behind the bar showed the bartender which shot-glass held a full measure .

Jose rests his burden on the ground and straightens his back to full measure .

The love was returned in full measure .

The United States will continue to furnish you and your people with the fullest measure of support in this bitter fight.

Whatever their form, the new media should enjoy the same full measure of First Amendment protection as the old-fashioned press.

good

It is a schedule from hell, with the Lions thrown in for good measure .

The best single measure is probably the net flow of global capital into the developing countries.

For the rest it's twenty five minutes of speed and skill ... and then two more laps for good measure .

I gave her a good strong look just for good measure .

A dash of eau-de-Cologne for good measure .

This pudding also includes a little cocoa powder for good measure .

If you are lucky you might get a codex thrown in for a good measure for telecomms application.

If he had married Iskandara for her sheep, he had given good measure in return.

large

The one large measure for which they were responsible was the Housing and Town Planning Act 1909.

In very large measure , the older preoccupations remain.

He poured out a large measure of the whiskey and brought it to McQuaid.

It is the steep temperature gradient that makes it possible for us to work black smokers with a large measure of safety.

Here then is a man, a large measure of a man: your man!

He found the bottle of Southern Comfort and poured himself a large measure .

Mrs Thatcher herself emerged with greater international stature now, in large measure because of her relationship with President Ronald Reagan.

The growth of towns was in large measure the result of an influx of migrants from the villages.

new

They also introduce new measures for which the government seeks Parliament's approval.

Kessler has proposed a new measure that forbids using cattle parts in animal feed but still permits them in fertilizer.

The government is considering new measures to control the student protests.

It will address their further development, and if appropriate, adopt new measures to meet new challenges. 3.

The local authority have agreed to implement a series of new measures to fight the pollution.

No new tax measures were proposed.

The new measures are a real step forward for the Employment Service.

The new measures will be phased in between now and 1999.

other

All the other measures of money supply only include sterling.

If poor visibility in itself is rejected as a means of achieving speed reduction through anxiety, other measures are necessary.

There is a range of other measures which could be used. perhaps the most obvious other measure is output.

The United Kingdom and United States can be expected to employ their ordinary procedures for issuing subpoenas or other measures .

There is a range of other measures which could be used. perhaps the most obvious other measure is output.

In the meantime it is essential not to risk a further pregnancy and other contraceptive measures must be taken see above.

There are also other measures that can improve overall health and make the body more resilient.

Without the agency to exercise a central monitoring role, they said, the effect of the other measures would be incomplete.

precautionary

Tobacco that tolerates salinity is a precautionary measure against the rising tides that a changing climate will bring.

Center Jelani McCoy did not participate in the defensive drills as a precautionary measure .

Short confidentiality clauses in standard conditions are really only precautionary measures to be relied upon in an emergency.

One resident was taken to hospital with chest pains as a precautionary measure but was released after a check-up.

Nevertheless, it is a serious condition if the eye is affected, and sensible precautionary measures should be taken.

Nine more were taken in as a precautionary measure while firefighters ventilated the building and removed the canisters involved.

Nevertheless, it was time to take a little precautionary measure .

The issue probably deserved more consultation and more precautionary measures .

preventive

Despite this, primary preventive measures of the sort recommended by Wilson have not emerged in public policy.

He is among a growing minority of physicians combining the standard care of traditional medicine with certain nontraditional treatments and preventive measures .

The use of preventive measures is also illustrated.

The only preventive measure researchers can take is to concentrate on what is triggering quakes on the rifts that are turned on.

Seen simply as a preventive measure , education for older adults is a good investment.

Currently, Medicare covers no preventive measures except for flu shots and mammograms every other year for women over 65.

The effects of preventive and corrective measures will be monitored and the operation may be postponed until any problems have been resolved.

There are a lot of preventive measures that would reduce the number of severe mental problems.

punitive

Its proposed abolition and replacement with more punitive measures would further criminalise travellers for their way of life.

As a punitive measure , the mayor closed black lodging houses and hotels at public insistence.

His renunciation also rested upon a dubious legal sentence of 1202, a punitive measure against King John by Philip Augustus.

The bulldozing was a punitive measure .

The government, however, had only just begun their punitive measures against excessive liberalism.

temporary

Thus this approach may be considered both safe and effective as a temporary measure to relieve stone related biliary obstruction.

But more likely they will just be a temporary measure until even better technologies arrive.

Severn Trent has already introduced temporary measures at the site which will help improve the situation.

Republicans have used temporary spending measures and government shutdowns in attempts to pressure Clinton into accepting their budget plan.

In either case the patient should be reassured that this is only a temporary measure .

The government is now operating under a temporary measure , or continuing resolution, that expires at the end of next week.

Although a temporary measure , it soon became apparent that rent control could not be abolished with the war's end.

These paints should be considered a temporary measure until the cause of the damp has been found and cured.

tough

He promised tougher measures to beat the criminals.

She also would press for tougher gun control measures , such as licensing all new handgun owners.

Cresson had originally demanded even tougher measures .

But some school groups said the influential lawyers' group shouldn't be so quick to condemn the tough student discipline measures .

On a recent morning, it was evident that Gavrilova's tough measures had not wiped out drunkenness.

Implementing them means we have to resort to some tough measures in the short and medium term.

United Nations approval for the tough measures is expected next week.

Liberals and conservatives in government, however, disagree about tougher judicial measures .

■ NOUN

austerity

The austerity measures affected primarily spending on health, social welfare, defence and overseas development assistance.

Once she took office Ellie instituted stringent austerity measures .

But it remained to be seen whether the ambitious plan would withstand the impact of possible future austerity measures .

The report demonstrated that the 1980s austerity measures had disproportionately affected blue collar workers in comparison with white collar workers.

A new economic commission was set up to monitor the success of the austerity measures .

The three parties had disagreed on major issues and the coalition had been undermined by national discontent over recent austerity measures .

However, other austerity measures have been imposed which have checked spending on education.

conservation

Improved revenue collection will help finance better conservation measures .

At the same time, the effectiveness of soil conservation measures is apparent.

It identified 500,000 hectares of costal habitat which it said were in need of active conservation measures .

The success of any conservation measure is directly dependent on the degree of public opinion mustered to its support.

Now he still has fifty acres of setaside: Male speaker Farmers should be given money to take more conservation measures .

But conservation measures could actually meet the shortfall in supply expected by planners.

We will improve the Governments' decommissioning proposals and appraise, with the industry, effective technical conservation measures .

The current review of the Structure Plan identified the gap in conservation measures .

control

Council officers say control measures including screening and exclusion are paying off.

Democrats also intend to push for privacy initiatives and to propose modest gun control measures , party aides said.

Furthermore, most of the government's quality control measures are irrelevant.

The department would be required to identify priority zones where lions have posed particular problems and institute special control measures .

In the North East the commissioning of treatment plants and other pollution control measures will lead to a drop in discharges.

Investigate environmental sources of infection and formulate effective control measures .

Fumigation of vineyards with Telone has improved conditions, but no control measure has yet eradicated nematodes on a field scale.

But Republicans now in command at the White House and in Congress generally oppose new gun control measures .

safety

After safety measures were enforced at his firm he went back to work and never experienced symptoms again.

The rope-secured entry is part of the safety measures established in 1992.

In each case there were criticisms that each could have been prevented by better safety measures and checking.

Then they can work on safety measures .

Furness said he was satisfied with the safety measures put into place following the latest incident.

One of these probes sits permanently just beneath the viewport on the bottom of the sphere as a safety measure .

As a further safety measure , the screen must not be readily climbable by children.

Adopted the appropriate safety measures , and 3.

security

He says that they've hired security guards, and taken other security measures .

Its legacy: changes in employment policies, more security measures and more money from the legislature for improvements.

Shoplifting and robberies forced the company to spend heavily on expensive security measures .

Critics include the panel charged with reviewing how tighter security measures might affect freedoms and civil rights.

Simple security measures - such as fitting good locks to doors and accessible windows - can cost as little as £150.

Fuller flights and new security measures are prompting the attention.

Increased security measures and better staffing will be particularly welcome to women, elderly and disabled people.

Nor had he had any reason to complain about the security measures surrounding visitors to the base.

tape

When you have guessed all these, get a tape measure and find the real sizes.

Square the frame by pulling a tape measure from corner to corner to check diagonal measurements.

There they gently laid it down on top of the so-centimetre mark at the middle of the tape measure .

You all saw that to begin with the tape measure stretched across from one side to the other, exactly.

Santa's first shock came from the tape measure - the Claus tum measured a bloated 47 inches.

The tape measure is perfectly all right.

They were asked to monitor their progress not only with scales but with a tape measure .

■ VERB

adopt

The board adopted its own measure , which will go on the March ballot in opposition to the Kuper initiative.

The restrictions were initially adopted as a temporary measure designed to slow down the flight of foreign currency reserves from the country.

The board hopes the Federal Aviation Administration will urge the airlines to adopt such measures .

Since the King's Cross fire of 1987, London Underground has been forced to adopt certain stringent safety measures .

It will address their further development, and if appropriate, adopt new measures to meet new challenges. 3.

Nevertheless, some LEAs are adopting tough measures .

approve

The Senate had already approved a similar measure .

Even if approved , the measure faces an uncertain fate in the Democratic-controlled state Senate.

Parliament will soon be asked to approve measures to reform education, health, the criminal justice system and welfare provision.

Voters overwhelmingly approved a measure last month to exempt the ballpark from waterfront development restrictions.

The House of Representatives had approved the measure on Nov. 14, the day after it was reported out of committee.

The House of Representatives approved a similar measure Tuesday by voice vote.

Plans still have to be approved but the measures may be in place by September.

Voters approved two bond measures to pay for the seismic retrofit, interior renovations and modernizing the electrical systems.

consider

Councillors will consider the measures tonight prior to a meeting with the town's transport operators.

They agreed that police and intelligence experts should convene in Paris in July to consider specific measures .

The government is considering new measures to control the student protests.

And third, consider these measures .

These paints should be considered a temporary measure until the cause of the damp has been found and cured.

I hope that the Minister will consider that package of measures to stop people carrying knives and to change the ethos.

If they are elevated, you should consider alternative measures , such as hormone replacement, to prevent osteoporosis.

improve

What projects does your work group have under way to improve performance on these measures ?

The City's ability to keep a secret appears to have improved beyond measure over the past two years.

Voice over Horsewatch encourages its members to look out for each others animals and to improve their own security measures .

As for the arms control matters, we have been working to improve the measures of arms control.

The workplace manager should report to senior management on any measures considered appropriate to improve security.

include

Clearly, though, future Budgets may well include measures specifically aimed at expatriates.

Internal measures of quality will include measures of scrap, rework, rejects, and waste.

The talks were due to include discussions of measures to reduce tension between the two states and to promote bilateral exchanges.

The $ 25 million for the Presidio Trust included in the measure was the expected annual contribution by the federal government.

But what should be included in the measure ?

The initiative will be on a statewide ballot that already includes an anti-affirmative action measure and one to raise the minimum wage.

The bill also includes measures to reform local government by creating directly elected mayors and cabinets.

The Table does not include various non-specific measures which are part of any treatment procedure of this kind.

introduce

They also introduce new measures for which the government seeks Parliament's approval.

He has introduced a measure that would ban contributions from all political-action committees.

Rather cuts should come from examination of working methods and materials and introducing more cost-effective measures .

Some introduced measures in Congress to prevent Washington from helping move the peace process forward.

Some local authorities may not have introduced those measures as quickly as possible, but it goes further than that.

Stan Barnes, who introduced the measure in the Senate Appropriations Committee.

One policy of the Regional Council is to introduce measures to improve conditions and facilities for pedestrians and cyclists.

oppose

I should have thought that good sense would dictate that some one who opposes every measure begins to lose credibility.

Arteaga and Alarcon have publicly opposed the extreme economic measures Bucaram had announced, while supporting more gradual reform.

He may oppose this measure but he should not pre-empt the results of the environmental assessment.

Could individual States that were part of the Union oppose measures adopted by its central Government?

Some atheist groups also oppose the measure .

All the Republicans except Buchanan support global free trade and oppose direct measures to discourage companies from moving manufacturing plants overseas.

Both Texas senators, Phil Gramm and Hutchison, voted against tabling the amendment because they opposed the measures .

Mulholland, however, along with most leaders in the Republican and Democratic parties, opposed the open primary measure .

pass

Congress may pass measures of constitutional significance, for example, certain stipulations of electoral law or the War Powers Act.

Large measures harder Sweetwater may have some difficulty passing such a large measure, however.

The House is expected to pass the measure by an overwhelming margin Wednesday.

Congress is expected to pass the measure within a month and send it to Clinton.

The Senate is expected to pass the measure next month.

Congress passed the measure , but then-President George Bush vetoed it.

provide

It can also provide measures of confidence in its classification, which a conventional perceptron can not.

The structures provide a measure of vertical relief sought by deep-sea invertebrates that make their living off particles in the water column.

Education provides a final measure of inequality.

Each participating State will provide and maintain measures to guard against accidental or unauthorized use of military means. 25.

Clearly this definition can be generalized in order to compare a number of different systems and thus provide a useful comparative measure .

This provides a measure of comfort for the general scientific community and allows mathematicians some great sport.

Income for them includes taxation, which provides no measure of the willingness of the community to pay.

Certainly Table 14.3 provides a measure of support for this view.

support

Kawawa's intervention succeeded in rallying most backbenchers to supporting the measure , and the Bill was passed.

Pollster David Binder found 65 percent would support the ballot measure and 28 percent would not.

Only 126 out of 180 Labour peers turned out to support the measure .

Individual lawmakers thus were left free to support the measure almost unhindered.

I was supported in almost equal measure by a new-found friend.

Wilson says House Democrats rewrote his amendment, yet he supported the revised measure .

On the other, the trial lawyers' association refused to support the measure .

The members of the Warren Association of churches only grudgingly supported some of his measures , but were in a compromising mood.

take

He says that they've hired security guards, and taken other security measures .

They will, in conformity with domestic law and international obligations, continue to take effective measures to this end. 31.

Why did I think it necessary to take such drastic measures ?

Not everyone feels this way, though, mostly because they've taken measures to make changes in their lives.

His job was made all the more easier by drivers who hadn't bothered to take measures to stop people like him.

The city built the California Center for the Arts, Escondido downtown and has taken other measures to help revive that area.

Will he give an assurance that a future Conservative Government will take measures further to encourage savings?

So he took measures after the season to help avoid injuries.

use

Petrie used a complicated measure of condition to get rid of the effects of size alone.

Sunnyvale uses literally thousands of measures .

But relative decline is used as an indicator by some; and output can be used as a measure rather than employment.

Republicans have used temporary spending measures and government shutdowns in attempts to pressure Clinton into accepting their budget plan.

At no time, however, did they use such draconian measures to stifle dissent.

This is not the same as the most commonly used measure of dividends: the dividend yield.

Unisys uses this never-before-released measure to express the technological leap it believes Pentium represents.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

fence-mending measures/talks/trips etc

give sb short measure

half measures

Half measures will not fix America's health-care problems.

I suppose I was never contented with half measures.

Learn your trade fully, do the job properly - no half measures.

The only alternative to Lloyd George's lies were Asquith's half measures.

There's no half measures to playing this way.

in large part/measure

Alvin had always made it plain that his company existed in large part to provide work for black dancers.

As it turns out, the fears that govern such organizations derive in large part from invalid or negative core beliefs.

My conception of postmodernist de-differentiation via an aesthetics of desire was also in large part dependent on Lyotard's work.

Realism is now out of fashion, in large part as a consequence of those silly semantic claims.

This continuity can be explained in large part by the nature of the superstructure.

This is due in large part to the national officers and to yourselves and your colleagues.

Whether the high jumper can requalify against stiff competition depends in large part upon the other big change: her takeoff.

table a bill/measure/proposal etc

At that time, Dole voted to table a measure that would have negated the Supreme Court ruling.

Baldwin tabled proposals which involved payments of £34 million a year.

For example, by the drinks table Bill Muggeridge seemed to be trying to make up to Mrs Crumwallis.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a measure of bourbon

a table of U.S. standard weights and measures

An inch is a measure of length.

Drastic situations require drastic measures.

Government officials refused to say what measures were being planned to deal with the refugee crisis.

Jones simply wanted a measure of respect from her co-workers.

Lawmakers are searching for the best measures to strengthen Social Security.

To make the drink, you will need one measure of red wine to two measures of lemonade.

Voters in Montana rejected a measure to increase cigarette tax.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

But the measure is still pending and has the backing of the Clinton administration and congressional leaders.

However, the Supreme Soviet criticized the government over its social protection measures.

Intuitively, we should not expect widely differing results from these two measures in the assessment of portfolios.

The measure , sponsored by Rep.

The expenditure on science is another possible measure of growth, either nationally, or as numbers of research grants.

The House of Representatives had approved the measure on Nov. 14, the day after it was reported out of committee.

Through the use of intelligence tests and other measures, at-tempts are made to estimate individual abilities.

Worse yet, the prices for the stocks in the portfolio are, by some measures, extremely high.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.