Meaning of SUBSTANCE in English

SUBSTANCE

noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a banned substance/drug (= a drug that people competing in a sport are not allowed to take because it improves their performance )

an illegal substance (= an illegal drug )

Customs officials found an illegal substance in Smith’s luggage.

banned substance (= a drug that people competing in sport are not allowed to take )

He was suspended for using a banned substance .

controlled substance

an arrest for the possession and sale of controlled substances

substance abuse

toxic chemicals/substances/fumes/gases

Toxic chemicals were spilled into the river.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

addictive

Addictive behaviour is used just as addictive substances are used by people who are prone to addictive disease.

Relapse can be seen in changes of mood before it leads back to use of the addictive substance or behaviour.

She had an overwhelming fear of syphilis, and the pattern of her tippling was similar to that with other addictive substances .

While still suffering, the negative feeling of fearful projection may result in craving for the addictive substance or behaviour.

By learning to let the sufferer take the full consequences of the use of addictive substances or behaviour.

Detoxification from alcohol or drugs and weaning from other addictive substances or behaviours.

The alternative to the hopeless choice between continuing disorders of mood or continuing recourse to addictive substances or behaviours.

chemical

This symposium will address the question of effects of chemical substances on reproductive systems to both females and males.

She took him to a place called the Loneliness Bar, where the hostesses wore swimsuits treated with a chemical substance .

The naming or nomenclature of chemical substances falls broadly into two categories: inorganic nomenclature and organic nomenclature.

Women Inventors All matter is composed of chemical substances .

The latest system lists over 68000 chemical substances , their hazards and remedial actions.

Some chemical substances have the potential to crystallize in two alternative ways.

Mixtures All chemical substances , whether elements, compounds or mixtures, are made up of three types of particles.

dangerous

Protect your hands with rubber gloves because it can be a dangerous substance in such a concentrated form.

Others might think it takes a controlled dangerous substance or shock therapy.

Dangers to the general public can also arise at fairgrounds, demolition sites or from the carrying of dangerous substances by road.

Also, since this reaction does not use tritium, it does not require the manufacture or transportation of this dangerous substance .

There was also a debate about what would happen to the most dangerous substances in the Windscale cocktail, particularly plutonium.

Because Britain has been covered, during the last few weeks, with record levels of toxic and other dangerous substances .

No scientist is careless enough to handle dangerous chemicals or substances without suitable protection.

Even outside a nuclear weapon it is a highly dangerous substance - fatal to humans if ingested in even minute quantities.

different

And the cold air - like getting a different substance into your lungs, water or another element.

He remained apart and of a different substance .

How does it come about that different substances are found in different parts of the body?

Like all chemical compounds, minerals are homogeneous: A mineral can not be separated mechanically into different substances .

To compare the effect of different substances on gastric acid secretion proper control solutions comparable with the test solution should be used.

We must have worked on well over a hundred different substances and there was absolutely no doubt about it.

Therefore the choice is between leaving things as they are and adopting a new definition which is different in substance .

When different substances are combined underground or burned, chemicals hazardous to human health can result.

harmful

So when it's added to harmful substances , it makes them unpalatable.

When Delaney offered his amendment, scientists could identify traces of potentially harmful substances down to a level of parts per million.

Use aquarium gravel, as it should not leach harmful substances into the water.

How to use charcoal Charcoal will take up a number of harmful or nuisance substances by adsorption.

Bogwood is semi-fossilised, and should not contain harmful substances , but it may stain the water dark brown.

Accidents, both from injuries or harmful substances entering the eye, can cause scarring and ulceration.

hazardous

There are also other consents which are required, for example, before introducing hazardous substances .

Afterwards, the city discovered the hazardous substances in the groundwater that threatened the nearby public drinking water supply.

A number of hazardous substances are resistant to biodegradation.

illegal

When I die they can perform an autopsy and they will find that I have never ever taken an illegal substance .

Sure, there are people using illegal substances in the Olympics, just as there are those among the general population.

Touch illegal substances , touch people.

Samaranch did not elaborate, but he may have been referring to a more high-powered device to detect illegal substances .

It covers the use of illegal substance , lifting the seam and scuffing the leather.

natural

From a strictly medical viewpoint, I should point out that not every natural substance is harmless.

The drug, Prostacyclin, is a synthetic version of a natural substance that is produced by the linings of blood vessels.

Patients are given highly diluted doses of natural substances which, say practitioners, boost the body's natural healing ability.

Homoeopathy, the Bach remedies and herbalism are all different ways of utilizing the healing properties of plants and other natural substances .

Cholesterol is a natural substance found in the body tissues of animals but not plants.

Vitamins are natural substances vital for growth and health.

But so far as natural substances go we are all gazing countrymen.

F Filter bacteria: Almost every natural substance can be broken down by bacteria. and fish wastes are no exception.

noxious

The normal gastric mucosa can prevent bypass diffusion of potentially noxious substances from the gastric lumen.

The site was contaminated with copper arsenate, a fairly noxious substance , but the fern was apparently thriving.

Other noxious substances may be very good drugs too if they are understood and properly used.

organic

Thus, falling into the technocrats' natural sin, it mistook administrative device for organic substance .

They are producers, the only organisms able to develop organic substances from inorganic mineral elements and their compounds.

QACs are badly affected by hard water and are progressively inactivated by dirt and other organic substances .

The secret of the remarkable production by plants of both oxygen and organic food substances is of course photosynthesis.

Most interesting organic substances are non-conducting, and biologists like to put their samples on insulating glass slides.

All varieties of this species withstand hard water as well as water with surplus or organic substances .

First its value was enhanced because, despite being an organic substance , ivory is remarkably durable.

other

Although the status of pearls among other precious substances varied in different parts of the world, their appeal was exceptionally widespread.

Many other substances were screened for antiviral activity and a few drugs with limited clinical application were found.

She had an overwhelming fear of syphilis, and the pattern of her tippling was similar to that with other addictive substances .

Homoeopathy, the Bach remedies and herbalism are all different ways of utilizing the healing properties of plants and other natural substances .

QACs are badly affected by hard water and are progressively inactivated by dirt and other organic substances .

Because Britain has been covered, during the last few weeks, with record levels of toxic and other dangerous substances .

Gaseous oxides formed from sulphur, nitrogen and other substances also have to be scrubbed out and neutralised.

Many other substances play a minor role as insect pigments, occurring either in small amounts or only in a few species.

poisonous

Botulism toxin from bacteria prevents the release of acetylcholine and is the most poisonous substance known.

If there is evidence or suspicion of drugs or poisonous substances having been taken.

Hangovers are actually the body's response of shock at being subjected to a substantial dose of a poisonous substance .

Cube Boxfish can release a poisonous substance if badly-handled or attacked.

The thick, unbreathable atmosphere carries traces of what to us are corrosive and poisonous substances .

precious

The emergence of stratified societies culminating in states increased conspicuous consumption of precious substances .

For this reason temples and cathedrals frequently maintained artificers schooled in the use of precious substances .

Although the status of pearls among other precious substances varied in different parts of the world, their appeal was exceptionally widespread.

The attitude adopted to precious substances helps to confirm the force of inertia in history.

A nautical lapidary accordingly recommended a variety of precious substances to ward off such dangers.

As symbols wooden thrones have traditionally attracted some of the most precious substances .

One way of showing them respect was to enclose them in reliquaries and enrich these with precious substances .

Again, methods for displaying precious substances were of an elementary character.

radioactive

Many more will have suffered from cancers brought on by one of the radioactive substances released.

The half-life of a radioactive substance is the time interval taken for the radiant species present to lose half its radioactivity.

Low-level waste is primarily the product of industrial and medical use of radioactive substances .

This has been particularly useful in the nuclear industry where highly corrosive toxic and radioactive substances cause severe maintenance problems.

The activity of a radioactive substance is the number of nuclei decaying per second.

They've been injected with plutonium in an effort to find out exactly how the radioactive substance affects people.

real

But, unfortunately for Bovis, there was real substance to Braehead's counterclaim.

But I fear there is still a problem. Real substances are not infinitely hard and rigid.

Both sides shall give real substance to the agreement on the creation and work of cultural centres and fully exploit them.

There is one further practical objection which, in my view, has real substance .

This in itself gives strength to the contention that neither can be based on beliefs of real substance .

I believe this is an objection of real substance .

toxic

New nosodes have also been added to the armamentarium and special remedies prepared from specific antigens and toxic substances .

Well, he claims that her problems are caused by toxic substances she must have eaten as a child.

This is the first time that plutonium, the most toxic substance in the world, has been discovered in scrap metal.

Occupational health laws regulate toxic substances in the work environment.

Be careful with toxic substances and always follow the directions on the bottles with great care.

The toxic substances department must approve it and hammer out a legal agreement with the group before moving forward.

Some genetic disorders predispose individuals to the toxic effects of substances found in the workplace or environment.

Groundand balloon-carried sensors tested the air for toxic substances .

■ NOUN

abuse

Finally, the policy also aims to provide assistance to employees with other substance abuse problems.

Maybe, I am thinking, they should specialize in substance abuse .

The differential diagnosis includes both primary psychiatric illness and a wide range of organic acute brain syndromes, including substance abuse .

These guys should get into substance abuse .

In each case the primary diagnosis was substance abuse , and initial treatment was given accordingly.

Remember that substance abuse treatment must address queerness.

Another jockey needs treatment for substance abuse .

■ VERB

contain

Some of the herbal supplements are more difficult as they may naturally contain non permitted substances . 11.

Many packaging materials contain highly flammable substances that could make a fire suddenly flare up.

Bear in mind that cold cures and certain drinks contain prohibited substances that show up in a drugs test.

To combat chest congestion, Angol took an over-the-counter medication which contained a substance on the Olympic banned list.

Bogwood is semi-fossilised, and should not contain harmful substances , but it may stain the water dark brown.

control

In future we will need to control all such substances .

Anabolic steroids, a controlled substance in the United States since 1988, are not detectable by drug-sniffing canines.

This prescription is for a controlled substance .

Others might think it takes a controlled dangerous substance or shock therapy.

Lee was charged with felony sale of controlled substances and possession for sale of a controlled substance.

Iverson was charged with misdemeanor possession of marijuana and possession of firearms with a controlled substance .

give

The strongly evoked historical setting gives the story substance and originality.

Second, the animals given these substances are bred in a manner that probably increases their susceptibility to cancer.

Further, there is a significant grief reaction to giving up the substance or process of addiction itself.

His lordship was attractive enough to give substance to otherwise tenuous connections.

Similarly, a historian will make use of statistical techniques to give objective substance to intuitively sensed historical processes or trends.

It is broadsheet agony-column material given fictional substance .

All the same, some general remarks may serve to give this conjecture more substance .

Both sides shall give real substance to the agreement on the creation and work of cultural centres and fully exploit them.

lack

It lacked substance - almost as much as had my fantasies that Edward was deliberately keeping us apart.

In a sports-talk world lacking a lot of substance , his callers come hard.

produce

Some sponges produce a soft flexible substance around their cells which supports the whole organism.

Some kinds of facilities that use, process, produce or store such substances may be exempted from regulation under these laws.

Cases of pulmonary haemorrhage have occurred in workers in factories producing these substances .

He has a number, many quite apt, which he is liable to produce to lend substance to his conversation.

use

Relapse can be seen in changes of mood before it leads back to use of the addictive substance or behaviour.

Sure, there are people using illegal substances in the Olympics, just as there are those among the general population.

As emphasised, sufferers in relapse do not necessarily return to use of the substance or behaviour of addiction.

Reality becomes so painful that the sufferer uses his or her substance or process of addiction in order to survive the emotional carnage.

Armonatherapy uses naturally grown aromatic substances to treat patients.

I'd had twenty-five years of booze and using other recreational substances .

The return to use of the substance or behaviour of addiction is only the final stage of relapse.

But already plans to use the substance have stirred up controversy.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Brown did not contest the substance of the reports.

It was an entertaining speech, but without much substance .

Poisonous substances, such as garden chemicals, should be clearly labelled.

Resin is a dark, sticky substance .

She was arrested for smoking marijuana, an illegal substance .

The substance of Marx's views is the same in both of these books.

The green colour of the leaf is due to a substance called chlorophyll.

the problem of disposing of radioactive substances

The transportation of flammable substances is tightly regulated.

toxic substances

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Although Mr McKinnell's style is more approachable than his predecessor's, close observers reckon his substance is just as strong.

But after seven months the teams were adrift, and had accomplished little of substance .

Energy, after all, depends upon the speed with which that substance is travelling.

Some substances have the ability to soak up, or adsorb, other chemicals.

The half-life of a radioactive substance is the time interval taken for the radiant species present to lose half its radioactivity.

They're asking people to look out for the substances which were in a large grey plastic box.

They took it in turns to breathe in the smoke, as the substance sizzled with a malicious delight.

When the water drops, the substances drift back along the passageways and soak into the water table.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.