Meaning of SUBSTANCE in English

SUBSTANCE

transcription, транскрипция: [ ˈsəb-stən(t)s ]

noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin substantia, from substant-, substans, present participle of substare to stand under, from sub- + stare to stand — more at stand

Date: 14th century

1.

a. : essential nature : essence

b. : a fundamental or characteristic part or quality

c. Christian Science : god 1b

2.

a. : ultimate reality that underlies all outward manifestations and change

b. : practical importance : meaning , usefulness

the…bill—which will be without substance in the sense that it will authorize nothing more than a set of ideas — Richard Reeves

3.

a. : physical material from which something is made or which has discrete existence

b. : matter of particular or definite chemical constitution

c. : something (as drugs or alcoholic beverages) deemed harmful and usually subject to legal restriction

possession of a controlled substance

substance abuse

4. : material possessions : property

a family of substance

• sub·stance·less -ləs adjective

- in substance

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.