Meaning of SUM in English
 SUM

I. noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a huge amount/sum/quantity etc
▪
huge sums of money
a sum of money ( also an amount of money )
▪
£10,000 seemed a huge sum of money to me.
do a calculation/sum (= use numbers to find out a figure, price etc )
▪
I did a quick calculation on a piece of paper.
lump sum
▪
When you retire you’ll get a lump sum of £80,000.
paltry sum
▪
paltry sum of money
sum total
▪
That’s the sum total of my knowledge about it.
the princely sum of
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My savings had now reached the princely sum of £30.
the sum total (= the whole of an amount, when everything is added together )
▪
This was the sum total of her grandfather's possessions.
vast amounts/numbers/quantities/sums etc (of sth)
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The government will have to borrow vast amounts of money.
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The refugees come across the border in vast numbers .
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADJECTIVE
considerable
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Yes, both Place and Egan had considerable sums stowed away from various jobs.
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Owing to the large amount of work demanded, this would be quite a considerable sum .
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In mass transit, private bus companies spend considerable sums to influence legislatures, to get and keep their contracts.
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The followers of this cult are, nevertheless, looking to the future and investing considerable sums of money in it.
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The crisis has been caused partly by the reluctance of selfemployed family doctors to invest the considerable sums needed to computerise.
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Minna had spent a considerable sum of money on me and I could not die a swindler.
enormous
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Virtually all Third World countries were Spending enormous sums on war or preparation for war, despite staggering debts and dreadful poverty.
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Lawyers are really expert at making you pay enormous sums for their advice.
fixed
▪
The policy guarantees a fixed sum to your pet if you die.
▪
Recall that a bond is an asset that earns a fixed sum of money for its owner each year.
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If the authority receives a fixed sum 31, then it is able to purchase more of the publicly provided good.
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Usually this is a fixed sum which, at the time of writing seems to average around £90.
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From each performance they were given either a fixed sum or collected money from the crowd for charity.
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This petty cash is kept on the imprest system, whereby the petty cashier is entrusted with a fixed sum of money.
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The petty cashier must always account for a certain fixed sum of money. 2.
▪
He would then have drawings and quantities prepared and would invite tenders for a fixed sum .
great
▪
One of its ideas is that of holism  the whole is greater than the sum of the parts.
▪
Is it thus greater than the sum of the individual parts?
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Labor provides Daley with his strongest personal support and contributes great sums to his campaigns.
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A plan consists of time, resources and indicated action but the whole is much greater than the sum of the parts.
▪
It was their intention to suggest that the negative total was greater than the sum of his recent accomplishments.
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On the other hand, it was no great sum and Hope's custom had given him publicity.
huge
▪
The major companies operating in these markets spend huge sums on marketing in order to promote their products globally.
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The only alternative to raising huge sums of money is to have it already.
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All Mr Fractor did was write huge sums on his blackboards.
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Though banks lend huge sums to firms, banks are not the only source of lending.
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It was completed in 1970, at a cost of one billion dollars  a huge sum in those days.
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Achieving the goal of absolute purity would cost an additional huge but undetermined sum .
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On top of that come huge sums of cheap credit to enterprises which must be reduced if inflation is to be controlled.
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Each vessel must have cost a huge sum , and carried at least a score of men on board.
large
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In addition, he was ordered to pay large sums of money to the government as compensation for his negligence.
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Format Many public libraries now spend large sums on paperbacks, and budget for them separately.
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He advanced large sums to Parliament and later invested heavily on his own account in the purchase of bishops' lands.
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It often saves large sums in absenteeism and recruitment as companies retain a better workforce.
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This will require them to deal with complex legal questions and to control large sums of money.
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The Crown needed larger sums for longer periods than London financiers could provide.
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Retail and wholesale banks alike raise large sums of money on this market, and lend their surpluses there.
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Other Defences Consent People can  and often do for large sums of money  agree to be defamed.
modest
▪
It was a very modest sum for Helmut.
▪
In fact, investing had been on my mind because of a modest sum of money that had unexpectedly come my way.
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Participating organisations will receive modest sums to defray recruiting, training and reporting costs.
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Yet this one modest sum brings you some remarkable advantages.
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It is £1,685.02, a fairly modest sum after nearly seven years of investment.
▪
Added to which, these were simple people who worked hard for modest sums of money.
nominal
▪
He applied for a grant of land and this was sold to him for a nominal sum .
▪
It would save money simply to give the pits to the miners for a nominal sum , say £1.
▪
These were leased for a nominal sum from a very understanding Tangmere Parish Council.
paltry
▪
Little of these paltry sums is likely to be new money, most being sliced off existing allocations.
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But the total amount of helium3 in Uranus and Neptune is vastly larger than this paltry sum .
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That is why men and women come on these schemes for such a paltry sum .
princely
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Our local CAAapproved doctor charges the princely sum of £65 for similar services.
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Like the other outreach workers Saturday, Harris earned the princely sum of $ 24 for her hours of outreach.
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And young activists can win the princely sum of £100 if they come up with the winning slogan.
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Eventually, they were returned to Quedlinburg, but not before the heirs of Joe Meador had collected a princely sum .
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This was a princely sum in the year of our Lord, 1926.
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Tim is doing a oneyear cabinetmaking course with me and paying a princely sum for the pleasure of doing it.
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The result was that it had been increased only twice and now stood at the princely sum of £30.
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They would happily pay out princely sums for completely new garments made from superior imported cloths.
small
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His Milton and Dante fetch pathetically small sums in comparison with the labour and skill they cost.
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Others took in smaller sums , but it added up.
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Even putting by a relatively small sum on a regular basis can lead to a healthy nestegg after a few years.
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They insist there is no pot of gold, but relatively small sums at best.
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There are few more costeffective ways to invest relatively small sums of money than reinstating the support funding for tourism.
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This meant that even customers with small sums of money could he made to do large pieces of business.
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Two large denomination bills on top, the rest a small sum .
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Plenty of managers have had spectacular shortterm records when they ran relatively small sums .
substantial
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As you would expect, a project of this kind requires substantial sums of money to set up.
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People have gained confidence in sending substantial sums off to unseen institutions and working with them longdistance.
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The field officer, after all, has the power to make a discharger spend a substantial sum of money.
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He managed to raise 200, 000 pesos, a substantial sum in those days, to begin his religious order.
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He is set to front a new rescue package, with a mystery backer ready to invest a substantial sum .
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Now careless loss of a substantial sum of money.
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It has redrawn the boundaries between the public and private sectors in favour of the latter and raised substantial sums for the Treasury.
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For those businesses requiring substantial sums of cash it is often appropriate to provide these from our Cash centres.
tidy
▪
Even allowing for what they would have lost on laundering the proceeds, there should have been a tidy sum .
▪
Chief Auctioneer, Michael Welch, suggests that silver, brass or other trinkets could well fetch a tidy sum .
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Would we be right in thinking, a tidy sum ?
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And, if my memory serves me right, you stand to rake in a tidy sum on that.
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These represented a tidy sum , not a great fortune but enough for her to be comfortably off.
▪
Still, I should be coming in for a tidy sum of compensation.
total
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Klein reports that the total sums spent began a slow rise from the 1970s, reaching £39 million by 1983.
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Next they weighed each new shopping plan against their total sum of money.
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Each school received figures showing how the total sum available to them had been allocated under different headings.
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But this total sum is distributed very unevenly among the schools.
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The total sum is then debited to your Current Account.
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The report also says that the total sum spent on improvements is far less than required.
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In the case of unspecified valuables, there is a total sum insured and a separate single article limit.
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The normal premium is about 10 percent of the total sum insured.
undisclosed
▪
Disney said yesterday it had reached a settlement with one group of contractors for an undisclosed sum .
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Koutros' attorney, Steven Thaler, said the case had been settled last year for an undisclosed sum .
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Darlington conservatory maker Amdega bought a Staffordshirebased rival for an undisclosed sum .
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Acquired by Houston from San Antonio for an undisclosed sum on Feb. 21, 1990.
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Boots is selling Fine Art Wallcoverings to its management for an undisclosed sum .
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However, he settled the case for an undisclosed sum in 1992.
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Disney has an option to buy the entire 140, 000 squarefoot site from Slough Estates for an undisclosed sum .
vast
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Creditors and investors stood to lose vast sums .
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Rather than expending vast sums on political posturing, we may instead choose to invest in potentially profitable space enterprises.
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Shoppers will have more in their pockets and it will not cost companies vast sums to borrow for expansion.
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And I recognize now that Kathie Lee is above all a humanitarian who raises vast sums for good causes.
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Major record companies invest vast sums of money in new artists every year.
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Most businesses, especially small businesses, can not afford to squander vast sums of money on such refined legalistic nitpicking.
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Courts don't pay out vast sums of money for ruined holidays.
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Her father had bought it for a vast sum from a sailor in a pub.
■ VERB
add
▪
Marcella Tate came to the Incident Room and made her statement which added nothing to the sum of their knowledge.
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But nobody fuses much over daily expenditures on sales and gasoline taxes  even though they add up to large sums annually.
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Equally it has to be acknowledged that misguided and failed protest has added to the sum of human misery.
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But the whole doesn't always add up to the sum of its mostly clever parts.
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This one is well researched, but I question whether it adds much to the sum total of our knowledge about Wellington.
give
▪
When I accepted he suggested I might like to give him a certain sum to help the wine flow.
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If a fire department were given a lump sum budget and allowed to keep any savings, these incentives would change.
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Some state schools have followed the example of the independent schools in asking parents to give covenanted sums .
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Had she wanted it, the Loreto Order would certainly have given her a reasonable sum to cover her expenses.
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Should you wish to give away substantial sums of money which will reduce your savings you should notify the Department.
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If they gave you ten sums , you were allowed to get only one wrong.
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From each performance they were given either a fixed sum or collected money from the crowd for charity.
▪
What if I wish to give a sum of capital or a sum in excess of my annual taxable income?
invest
▪
Major record companies invest vast sums of money in new artists every year.
▪
The followers of this cult are, nevertheless, looking to the future and investing considerable sums of money in it.
▪
First, whether you are investing a lump sum or saving from income, you can never start too soon.
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I am 74 years old and when I retired in 1982 I invested my lump sum pension with a brokerage.
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There are few more costeffective ways to invest relatively small sums of money than reinstating the support funding for tourism.
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He has done well before and now wants to invest a large sum of money in your operation.
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He is set to front a new rescue package, with a mystery backer ready to invest a substantial sum .
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You can either invest both the original sum and interest for another fixed term.
involve
▪
Reinstating a siding at Bedale would involve a fivefigure sum .
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The management offer involves a lump sum payment of £300 and a pay rise of about £8 a week from next July.
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You will also handle projects involving large sums of public money.
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For all the children, the best indicator of response time was the size of the smaller number involved in the sum .
pay
▪
Lawyers are really expert at making you pay enormous sums for their advice.
▪
Courts don't pay out vast sums of money for ruined holidays.
▪
The firm had just paid him a fantastic sum of money.
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If we are to pay out a large sum to cover the last cargo there must be some corroboration.
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In addition the government would pay an annual sum equivalent to 6 percent interest on the transferred stock.
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They paid large sums to secure their pitches.
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Clubs will pay sums of four figures as secret bonuses or salary topups to their star players.
raise
▪
At subsequent Forest Eyres in other counties the judges were clearly determined to raise large sums by fining the forest landowners.
▪
The only alternative to raising huge sums of money is to have it already.
▪
Such accommodation can often be let on a long lease or sold to raise a capital sum .
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Fundraisers used fears of destruction to raise the prodigious sums that fueled the entire machine.
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This kind of flotation to raise large capital sums has already been seen in cases such as Bairstow Eves and Connells.
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And I recognize now that Kathie Lee is above all a humanitarian who raises vast sums for good causes.
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Though he may never have visited Leighton, he raised a considerable sum of money to repair the church.
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Several dozen staffers worked in administration and finance, raising the evergrowing sums needed to keep the machine running.
receive
▪
She also received a cash lump sum from her Personal Accident Policy.
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Dear Help Wanted: I may be receiving a lump sum of money to settle a workers' compensation claim.
▪
Participating organisations will receive modest sums to defray recruiting, training and reporting costs.
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Under a block grant approach, each state would receive a lump sum to be divided any way the state chose.
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The average partner received a lump sum of $ 7. 8 million from the sale.
spend
▪
Format Many public libraries now spend large sums on paperbacks, and budget for them separately.
▪
He spent extravagant sums for blockbuster articles by and about celebrities, and launched a circulation war against Life and Look.
▪
The major companies operating in these markets spend huge sums on marketing in order to promote their products globally.
▪
In mass transit, private bus companies spend considerable sums to influence legislatures, to get and keep their contracts.
▪
Yet to win the big audiences that would attract advertising, the companies had to spend large sums on attractive programmes.
▪
Minna had spent a considerable sum of money on me and I could not die a swindler.
▪
The field officer, after all, has the power to make a discharger spend a substantial sum of money.
▪
The Church argued that it was not worth spending such high sums on the building's repair.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a goodly number/sum/amount etc
▪
It seems fair to assume that she will attract the attention of a goodly number of our countrymen.
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Small Dave had spent a goodly amount of time impressing upon him the importance of finding a camel.
▪
The Thatcher Years have been splendid ones for a goodly number of golf members throughout this Royal and Ancient land of ours.
a tidy sum/profit
▪
In 1899, the mansion cost the tidy sum of $350,000.
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And, if my memory serves me right, you stand to rake in a tidy sum on that.
▪
Chief Auctioneer, Michael Welch, suggests that silver, brass or other trinkets could well fetch a tidy sum.
▪
Even allowing for what they would have lost on laundering the proceeds, there should have been a tidy sum.
▪
He has sold no less than five cars, each one at a tidy profit.
▪
Nevertheless that blip was long enough for some one to make a tidy profit.
▪
These represented a tidy sum, not a great fortune but enough for her to be comfortably off.
▪
Until now they have made a tidy profit from selling reissued pop hits from the fifties, sixties and seventies.
▪
Would we be right in thinking, a tidy sum?
nominal sum/charge/fee etc
▪
A red cotton Tshirt or running vest is available at a nominal charge of £1.00 together with sponsorship forms.
▪
He applied for a grant of land and this was sold to him for a nominal sum.
▪
Homes for the elderly were shut, and formerly nominal charges increased and extended.
▪
It would save money simply to give the pits to the miners for a nominal sum, say £1.
▪
The local agents provide an extensive catalogue of programs available at a nominal charge.
▪
Those registered users of Word for Windows requiring the upgrade can obtain it from Microsoft for a nominal fee of £7.75inc.VAT.
▪
Traditionally, the people's singing has been delegated to a choir which is generally paid a nominal fee.
▪
Under the program, the government sold shares to citizens for a nominal fee to quickly transform state enterprises into private companies.
the sum assured
▪
If you are aged over 55, Family Assurance Society will reduce the sum assured by £20 for each year above 55.
▪
If you can not complete the declaration without qualification, the sum assured may also have to be reduced under your Bond.
the sum total
▪
In his eyes I amount to nothing, much, much less than the sum total of him.
▪
In the orthodox view the illness is considered to be the sum total of the symptoms and signs which it produces.
▪
Indeed, the whole is considered to constitute more than just the sum total of its parts.
▪
Is that the sum total of the charges against me?
▪
That was the sum total of my formal education for the craft.
▪
The built environment therefore equates to the sum total of all the assembled items which surround us, both natural and manmade.
▪
They create the illusion that they are the sum total of their own accomplishments.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪
a lumpsum payment
▪
A purse containing a small sum of money was found at Guildhall Square on March 20.
▪
Apple has spent huge sums in its drive to penetrate new markets.
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He offered to purchase the estate for the sum of $80,000.
▪
Instead of paying him a regular pension, they gave him a lump sum when he retired.
▪
It'll be quicker if I use a calculator for these sums.
▪
My uncle left me a small sum of money when he died.
▪
She and the other workers received the princely sum of $14 for the evening's work.
▪
She left a small sum of money to her two granddaughters.
▪
She puts away small sums of money when she can afford to.
▪
Stars like Chaplin earned $2000 a week, which was an enormous sum in those days.
▪
The apartment cost over $25,000, which was an enormous sum in those days.
▪
The case was settled for an undisclosed sum last year.
▪
They are asking $40 for the new software, almost twice the sum it costs when bought via the Internet.
▪
We had to do some really hard sums today.
▪
You can receive your bonus in monthly instalments, or as a lump sum .
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪
A lump sum would be paid to a trade association or similar body.
▪
But when all had been settled, it seemed that Phil could expect a sum of only about six thousand pounds.
▪
If it is less than £1.05 a week, it will be paid as a lump sum once a year.
▪
Take your pension in lump sum rather than in monthly checks.
▪
This sum will be doubled up to £80,000, if both husband and wife die as a result of the same accident.
▪
This procedure applies to actions brought for the recovery of a sum , in either contract or tort, not exceeding £1000.
II. verb
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADVERB
up
▪
Reading the judge's summing up , they were obviously about to do so.
▪
But to sum up , he is beginning to feel that lawyers have contributed significantly to the disintegration of our country.
▪
She prefaces her book with an attempt to sum up the whole hideous story.
▪
That suggested strategy comes at a time when the Dole campaign is concerned about two words that sum up the campaign.
▪
To sum up , here are some of the benefits a Mercantile Credit Personal Loan offers.
▪
And there was a little argument between two security men about some detail of crowd positioning that seemed to sum up everything.
▪
To sum up , a translator can not always follow the thematic organization of the original.
■ NOUN
judge
▪
The judge has been summing up the case against Harper and the jury will consider the case against him tomorrow.
▪
The judge will sum up the evidence tomorrow before asking the jury to consider a verdict.
■ VERB
seem
▪
And there was a little argument between two security men about some detail of crowd positioning that seemed to sum up everything.
▪
It's a work that must have seemed to sum up the traumas of the war years and their aftermath for you?
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a goodly number/sum/amount etc
▪
It seems fair to assume that she will attract the attention of a goodly number of our countrymen.
▪
Small Dave had spent a goodly amount of time impressing upon him the importance of finding a camel.
▪
The Thatcher Years have been splendid ones for a goodly number of golf members throughout this Royal and Ancient land of ours.
a tidy sum/profit
▪
In 1899, the mansion cost the tidy sum of $350,000.
▪
And, if my memory serves me right, you stand to rake in a tidy sum on that.
▪
Chief Auctioneer, Michael Welch, suggests that silver, brass or other trinkets could well fetch a tidy sum.
▪
Even allowing for what they would have lost on laundering the proceeds, there should have been a tidy sum.
▪
He has sold no less than five cars, each one at a tidy profit.
▪
Nevertheless that blip was long enough for some one to make a tidy profit.
▪
These represented a tidy sum, not a great fortune but enough for her to be comfortably off.
▪
Until now they have made a tidy profit from selling reissued pop hits from the fifties, sixties and seventies.
▪
Would we be right in thinking, a tidy sum?
nominal sum/charge/fee etc
▪
A red cotton Tshirt or running vest is available at a nominal charge of £1.00 together with sponsorship forms.
▪
He applied for a grant of land and this was sold to him for a nominal sum.
▪
Homes for the elderly were shut, and formerly nominal charges increased and extended.
▪
It would save money simply to give the pits to the miners for a nominal sum, say £1.
▪
The local agents provide an extensive catalogue of programs available at a nominal charge.
▪
Those registered users of Word for Windows requiring the upgrade can obtain it from Microsoft for a nominal fee of £7.75inc.VAT.
▪
Traditionally, the people's singing has been delegated to a choir which is generally paid a nominal fee.
▪
Under the program, the government sold shares to citizens for a nominal fee to quickly transform state enterprises into private companies.
the sum total
▪
In his eyes I amount to nothing, much, much less than the sum total of him.
▪
In the orthodox view the illness is considered to be the sum total of the symptoms and signs which it produces.
▪
Indeed, the whole is considered to constitute more than just the sum total of its parts.
▪
Is that the sum total of the charges against me?
▪
That was the sum total of my formal education for the craft.
▪
The built environment therefore equates to the sum total of all the assembled items which surround us, both natural and manmade.
▪
They create the illusion that they are the sum total of their own accomplishments.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪
Ask the task orientated member to regularly sum up where the meeting has reached.
▪
It is possible to sum up the Pauline arguments in terms of two directives.
▪
Three words to sum up the feelings of the Hereford fans on Saturday.
Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary. Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5. 2012