Meaning of SUM in English

SUM

I.

noun

1 amount of money

ADJECTIVE

▪ considerable , generous , good , great , handsome , hefty , high , large , not inconsiderable ( esp. BrE ), princely ( ironic ), significant , sizeable , substantial , tidy ( informal )

It seemed an absurdly high ~ to pay for a coat.

For his first book he received the princely ~ of $400.

The team has raised substantial ~s for local charities.

▪ astronomical , colossal ( esp. BrE ), enormous , exorbitant , huge , magnificent ( esp. BrE ), massive , record , staggering , vast

£200 was an astronomical ~ of money in 1547.

He joined the team two years ago for a record ~.

▪ five-figure , six-figure , etc. ( esp. BrE )

▪ modest , nominal , reasonable , small , token , trifling

The charity pays a nominal ~ to lease the premises.

▪ derisory , paltry

▪ average

▪ net

▪ round ( esp. BrE )

€10 000 is a good round ~.

▪ full ( esp. BrE ), overall , total

▪ agreed ( esp. BrE ), fixed

▪ undisclosed , unspecified

▪ annual , monthly , etc.

▪ regular

▪ guaranteed ( esp. BrE )

▪ capital , cash ( esp. BrE ), lump

My wife would receive a guaranteed lump ~ in the event of my death.

▪ tax-free ( esp. BrE )

VERB + SUM

▪ borrow , earn , fetch ( esp. BrE ), raise , recover ( esp. BrE )

Some of the paintings should fetch a tidy ~ at today's auction.

You will have to go to court to recover these ~s.

▪ get , receive

▪ award sb ( esp. BrE ), contribute , give sb , offer sb , pay (sb) , repay ( esp. BrE )

The judge awarded them an undisclosed six-figure ~ in damages.

How can we repay such a large ~?

▪ invest , spend

▪ cost

a project that cost vast ~s of public money

▪ charge (sb)

▪ agree , agree on

We eventually agreed a ~ and I paid him.

SUM + VERB

▪ be due , be payable (both esp. BrE )

The landlord has the right to recover any ~s payable under this lease

▪ be equal to sth , be equivalent to sth

The gangsters offered him a ~ equivalent to a whole year's earnings.

▪ exceed sth

PHRASES

▪ a ~ of money

2 calculation

ADJECTIVE

▪ difficult , easy

VERB + SUM

▪ do

I did a quick ~ to work out how much it would cost.

PHRASES

▪ get your ~s right/wrong ( BrE )

The company got its ~s wrong when estimating how many customers it would attract.

3 total

VERB + SUM

▪ calculate , find , work out

Calculate the ~ of the following figures.

PREPOSITION

▪ ~ of

The ~ of two and five is seven.

PHRASES

▪ greater, less, more, etc. than the ~ of its/the parts

The team is greater than the ~ of its parts.

II.

verb

PHRASAL VERB

sum sth up

ADVERB

▪ aptly , neatly , nicely , succinctly , well

▪ perfectly

▪ just about , pretty much

‘So we're stuck in this place with no food?’ ‘That just about ~s it up.’

VERB + SUM UP

▪ seem to

▪ attempt to , try to

The report attempts to ~ up recent economic trends.

▪ be difficult to , be hard to

The appeal of this city is hard to ~ up.

PREPOSITION

▪ as

She summed it up as ‘the most brilliant lecture I've ever attended’.

PHRASES

▪ can be summed up as

Her whole philosophy can be summed up as ‘so what?’.

Oxford Collocations English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь словосочетаний .