Meaning of SUM in English

SUM

I. ˈsəm noun

Etymology: Middle English summe, from Anglo-French sume, somme, from Latin summa, from feminine of summus highest; akin to Latin super over — more at over

Date: 14th century

1. : an indefinite or specified amount of money

2. : the whole amount : aggregate

3. : the utmost degree : summit

reached the sum of human happiness

4.

a. : a summary of the chief points or thoughts : summation

the sum of this criticism follows — C. W. Hendel

b. : gist

the sum and substance of an argument

5.

a.

(1) : the result of adding numbers

the sum of 5 and 7 is 12

(2) : the limit of the sum of the first n terms of an infinite series as n increases indefinitely

b. : numbers to be added ; broadly : a problem in arithmetic

c.

(1) : disjunction 2

(2) : union 2d

• sum·ma·bil·i·ty ˌsə-mə-ˈbi-lə-tē noun

• sum·ma·ble ˈsə-mə-bəl adjective

- in sum

II. verb

( summed ; sum·ming )

Date: 14th century

transitive verb

1. : to calculate the sum of : total

2. : summarize

intransitive verb

: to reach a sum : amount

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.