Meaning of WAVE in English
I. wave 1 S3 W2 /weɪv/ BrE AmE noun
1 . SEA [countable] a line of raised water that moves across the surface of the sea:
Dee watched the waves breaking on the shore.
The ship tipped over, and finally vanished beneath the waves.
⇨ ↑ tidal wave
2 . INCREASE [countable usually singular] a sudden increase in a particular type of behaviour, activity, or feeling:
There was a wave of public protest.
3 . PEOPLE AND THINGS [countable] a sudden increase in the number of people or things arriving at the same time
a new wave of immigrants
They faced wave after wave of fresh troops.
4 . LIGHT AND SOUND [countable] the form in which some types of energy such as light and sound travel
sound/light/radio wave ⇨ ↑ long wave , ↑ medium wave , ↑ short wave
5 . SIGNAL [countable usually singular] a movement in which you raise your arm and move your hand from side to side:
He dismissed her with a wave of the hand.
6 . FEELING/ACTIVITY [countable] a feeling or activity that happens again and again in a series:
The pain swept over him in waves.
Wave after wave of aircraft passed overhead.
7 . HAIR [countable usually plural] a loose curl in your hair
8 . make waves informal to cause problems, especially when you should not:
With so many jobs already cut, he didn’t want to make waves.
9 . new wave a new style of music, art, film etc that is very different and unusual:
new wave music
new wave of
the new wave of Black feminist theorists
10 . CROWD [countable usually singular] American English an occasion when many people who are watching an event stand up, move their arms up and down, and sit down again one after another in a continuous movement that looks like a wave moving on the sea SYN Mexican wave British English
11 . the waves literary the sea
⇨ ↑ airwaves , ↑ shock wave
• • •
COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 1)
▪ waves break (=fall onto the land or a boat)
We could hear the waves breaking on the shore.
▪ waves crash (=fall noisily)
Huge waves crashed down on us.
▪ waves lap (=hit something gently)
the sound of waves lapping against the boat
▪ waves pound (=hit something hard)
The waves pounded the rocks.
▪ sink/vanish beneath the waves
The ship sank beneath the waves.
■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + wave
▪ a great wave (=a very large wave)
The storm sent great waves crashing into the cliffs.
▪ a tidal wave (=a very large ocean wave that flows over the land and destroys things)
The winds and a tidal wave killed 45 people.
▪ the ocean waves (=the sea)
They spent a week on the ocean waves on a cruise ship.
■ wave + NOUN
▪ wave energy/power (=electricity from the movement of waves)
Wave power involves using the movement of the seas to generate electricity.
▪ the crest of a wave (=the top of the wave where it begins to fall)
Surfers rode on the crest of a wave.
• • •
COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 2)
▪ a wave of violence/attacks/bombings
The incident triggered a wave of violence.
▪ a wave of panic/relief/sympathy
A wave of relief washed over Harry.
▪ a wave of nausea/dizziness/tiredness
Another wave of nausea hit him.
■ NOUN + wave
▪ a crime wave (=a sudden increase in crime)
The city is experiencing a crime wave.
▪ a heat wave (=a period of unusually hot weather)
California is in the middle of a heat wave.
▪ a wave hits somebody/something
He was hit by a wave of nausea every time he tried to stand up.
▪ a wave engulfs somebody/something (=it affects someone or something very strongly)
The city was engulfed by a fresh wave of violence.
▪ a wave sweeps/washes over somebody (=someone suddenly experiences a feeling or emotion)
A sudden wave of joy swept over her.
▪ a great wave of something
A great wave of affection for him engulfed her.
▪ a new/fresh wave of something
A fresh wave of fighting erupted in the region yesterday.
• • •
▪ the sea especially British English the large area of salty water that covers much of the Earth’s surface:
She lives by the sea.
The sea was very rough.
▪ the ocean especially American English the large area of salty water that covers much of the Earth’s surface:
a house by the ocean
The restaurant had a sweeping view of the ocean.
▪ waters a large area of water – used about an area of water that belongs to a particular country, or when describing what the water is like:
boats fishing in Canadian waters
British territorial waters
the calm waters of the harbour
choppy waters (=with a lot of waves)
▪ bay an area of sea that is partly enclosed by a curve in the land:
I swam across the bay.
the Bay of Biscay
▪ gulf a very large area of sea partly enclosed by land:
the Gulf of Mexico
oil from the Gulf (=the area of water near Iran, Saudi Arabia etc)
▪ tide the regular rising and falling of the level of the sea:
Is the tide going out or coming in ?
High tide (=when the sea is at its highest level) is at 4 o'clock in the afternoon.
low tide (=when the sea is at its lowest level)
The rocks are visible at low tide.
▪ wave a line of raised water that moves across the surface of the sea:
The waves were crashing against the rocks.
II. wave 2 S3 W3 BrE AmE verb
[ Language: Old English ; Origin: wafian 'to wave with the hands' ]
1 . HAND [intransitive and transitive] to raise your arm and move your hand from side to side in order to make someone notice you
She turned to wave to the approaching soldiers.
Enid waved at us and we waved back.
wave (somebody) goodbye (=say goodbye to someone by waving to them)
The nurses came out to wave Grandad goodbye.
2 . MOVE [intransitive and transitive] if you wave something, or if it waves, it moves from side to side:
The starter waved a green flag to indicate that the race would begin.
a tree waving in the breeze
He waved a hand in the air to attract her attention.
wave something under/at etc somebody/something
Trudie waved a $50 bill under his nose.
wave something around/about
The stranger spoke rapidly, waving his arms around.
3 . SIGNAL [transitive always + adverb/preposition] to show someone which way to go by waving your hand in that direction
wave somebody through/on/away etc
The border guards waved us through.
Peter waved them back to their seats.
4 . wave something goodbye/wave goodbye to something informal to be forced to accept that something you want will not happen:
If you’re not careful, you can wave goodbye to any pay rise this year.
5 . wave a magic wand to make a bad situation better, even though this is impossible:
I can’t wave a magic wand and change what happened.
6 . HAIR [intransitive and transitive] if hair waves, or if it is waved, it forms loose curls
wave something ↔ aside phrasal verb
to ignore someone’s opinion or ideas because you do not think they are important:
He waved her protests aside.
wave somebody/something ↔ down phrasal verb
to signal to the driver of a car to stop by waving at them:
People in passing cars tried waving him down.
wave somebody off phrasal verb
to wave goodbye to someone as they leave:
Are you coming to the station to wave me off?
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012