Meaning of ABANDON in English

ABANDON

I. ə-ˈban-dən transitive verb

Etymology: Middle English abandounen, from Anglo-French abanduner, from ( mettre ) a bandun to hand over, put in someone's control

Date: 14th century

1.

a. : to give up to the control or influence of another person or agent

b. : to give up with the intent of never again claiming a right or interest in

abandon property

2. : to withdraw from often in the face of danger or encroachment

abandon ship

3. : to withdraw protection, support, or help from

he abandon ed his family

4. : to give (oneself) over unrestrainedly

5.

a. : to cease from maintaining, practicing, or using

abandon ed their native language

b. : to cease intending or attempting to perform

abandon ed the escape

• aban·don·er noun

• aban·don·ment -dən-mənt noun

Synonyms:

abandon , desert , forsake mean to leave without intending to return. abandon suggests that the thing or person left may be helpless without protection

abandoned children

desert implies that the object left may be weakened but not destroyed by one's absence

a deserted town

forsake suggests an action more likely to bring impoverishment or bereavement to that which is forsaken than its exposure to physical dangers

a forsaken lover

Synonym: see in addition relinquish .

II. noun

Date: 1822

: a thorough yielding to natural impulses ; especially : enthusiasm , exuberance

with reckless abandon

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.