Meaning of ADVANCE in English

ADVANCE

I. əd-ˈvan(t)s verb

( ad·vanced ; ad·vanc·ing )

Etymology: Middle English advauncen, from Anglo-French avancer, from Vulgar Latin * abantiare, from Late Latin abante in front, from Latin ab- + ante before — more at ante-

Date: 15th century

transitive verb

1. : to accelerate the growth or progress of

advance a cause

2. : to bring or move forward

advance a pawn

3. : to raise to a higher rank

4. archaic : to lift up : raise

5. : to bring forward in time ; especially : to make earlier

advance the date of the meeting

6. : to bring forward for notice, consideration, or acceptance : propose

advance an idea

7. : to supply or furnish in expectation of repayment

advance a loan

8. : to raise in rate : increase

advance the rent

intransitive verb

1. : to move forward : proceed

an advancing army

2. : to make progress : increase

advance in age

3. : to rise in rank, position, or importance

advance through the ranks

4. : to rise in rate or price

advancing wages

• ad·vanc·er noun

Synonyms:

advance , promote , forward , further mean to help (someone or something) to move ahead. advance stresses effective assisting in hastening a process or bringing about a desired end

advance the cause of peace

promote suggests an encouraging or fostering and may denote an increase in status or rank

a campaign to promote better health

forward implies an impetus forcing something ahead

a wage increase would forward productivity

further suggests a removing of obstacles in the way of a desired advance

used the marriage to further his career

II. noun

Date: 1668

1. : a moving forward

2.

a. : progress in development

mistaking material advance for spiritual enrichment — H. J. Laski

b. : a progressive step : improvement

an advance in medical technique

3. : a rise in price, value, or amount

4. : a first step or approach made

her attitude discouraged all advance s

5. : a provision of something (as money or goods) before a return is received ; also : the money or goods supplied

- in advance

- in advance of

III. adjective

Date: 1701

1. : made, sent, or furnished ahead of time

advance sales

2. : going or situated before

an advance party of soldiers

an advance guard

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.