Meaning of ADVANCE in English

ADVANCE

— advancingly , adv.

/ad vans", -vahns"/ , v. , advanced, advancing , n. , adj.

v.t.

1. to move or bring forward: The general advanced his troops to the new position.

2. to bring into consideration or notice; suggest; propose: to advance reasons for a tax cut.

3. to improve; further: to advance one's interests.

4. to raise in rank; promote: The board of directors advanced him to president.

5. to raise in rate or amount; increase: to advance the price.

6. to bring forward in time; accelerate: to advance growth; to advance clocks one hour.

7. to supply beforehand; furnish on credit or before goods are delivered or work is done.

8. to furnish as part of a stock or fund.

9. to supply or pay in expectation of reimbursement: They advanced her $5000 against future royalties.

10. to schedule at a later time or date: to advance a meeting from early to late fall.

11. Informal. to do advance publicity for: to advance a rock singer's personal appearances; the most heavily advanced sports event in history.

12. Archaic. to raise, as a banner.

v.i.

13. to move or go forward; proceed: The troops advanced.

14. to increase in quantity, value, price, etc.: His stock advanced three points.

15. (of a color, form, etc., on a flat surface) to move toward or be perceived as moving toward an observer, esp. as giving the illusion of space. Cf. recede 1 (def. 3).

16. to improve or make progress.

17. to grow or rise in importance, status, etc.: to advance in rank.

18. Informal. to provide publicity; do promotion: He was hired to advance for a best-selling author.

n.

19. a forward movement; progress in space: the advance of the troops to the border.

20. promotion; improvement in importance, rank, etc.: his advance to the position of treasurer.

21. Usually, advances .

a. attempts at forming an acquaintanceship, reaching an agreement, or the like, made by one party.

b. actions or words intended to be sexually inviting.

22. addition to price; rise in price: an advance on cottons.

23. Com.

a. a giving beforehand; a furnishing of something before an equivalent is received: An advance on his next month's salary permitted him to pay his debt on time.

b. the money or goods thus furnished: He received $100 as an advance against future delivery.

24. Journalism.

a. copy prepared before the event it describes has occurred: The morning papers carried advances on the ceremony, which will take place tonight.

b. a press release, wire-service dispatch, or the like, as one containing the text or partial text of a speech, sent to arrive in advance of the event to which it is related. Cf. release copy .

25. the leading body of an army.

26. Mil. (formerly) the order or a signal to advance.

27. Informal.

a. publicity done before the appearance of a noted person, a public event, etc.: She was hired to do advance for the candidate.

b. a person hired to do advance publicity for an event: He is regarded as the best advance in the business.

28. Auto. , Mach. an adjustment made in the setting of the distributor of an internal-combustion engine to generate the spark for ignition in each cylinder earlier in the cycle. Cf. retard (def. 5).

29. Geol. a seaward movement of the shoreline.

30. in advance, ahead of time; beforehand: You must get your tickets in advance.

31. in advance of, in front of; before: Heralds walked in advance of the king.

adj.

32. going or placed before: an advance section of a train.

33. made or given ahead of time: an advance payment on a loan.

34. issued ahead of time: an advance copy of the President's speech.

35. having gone beyond others or beyond the average.

[ 1200-50; ME avauncen avanc ( i ) er *abantiare, v. deriv. of LL abante in front (of) (L ab away from, off + ante before); AD- by mistaking a - for A- 5 in the 16th cent. ]

Syn. 2. adduce, propound; offer. 3. forward, promote. 6. force; quicken, hasten, speed up. 9. lend, loan. 13. ADVANCE, MOVE ON, PROCEED all imply movement forward. ADVANCE applies to forward movement, esp. toward an objective: to advance to a platform. PROCEED emphasizes movement, as from one place to another, and often implies continuing after a halt: to proceed on one's journey. MOVE ON is similar in meaning to PROCEED; it does not, however, imply a definite goal: The crowd was told to move on. 16. thrive, flourish; prosper. 20. growth, advancement. 21. overture, proposal; offer, tender. 24. prepublication. 25. spearhead.

Ant. 1, 2. withdraw. 13. retreat. 17. decrease.

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .