Meaning of CHECK in English

CHECK

I. ˈchek noun

Etymology: Middle English chek, from Anglo-French eschec, from Arabic shāh, from Persian, literally, king; akin to Greek ktasthai to acquire, Sanskrit kṣatra dominion

Date: 15th century

1. : exposure of a chess king to an attack from which he must be protected or moved to safety

2.

a. : a sudden stoppage of a forward course or progress : arrest

b. : a checking of an opposing player (as in ice hockey)

3. : a sudden pause or break in a progression

4. archaic : reprimand , rebuke

5. : one that arrests, limits, or restrains : restraint

against all check s, rebukes, and manners, I must advance — Shakespeare

6.

a. : a standard for testing and evaluation : criterion

b. : examination

a quick check of the engine

c. : inspection , investigation

a loyalty check on government employees

d. : the act of testing or verifying ; also : the sample or unit used for testing or verifying

7. : a written order directing a bank to pay money as instructed : draft

8.

a. : a ticket or token showing ownership or identity or indicating payment made

a baggage check

b. : a counter in various games

c. : a slip indicating the amount due : bill

9.

[Middle English chek, short for cheker checker]

a. : a pattern in squares that resembles a checkerboard

b. : a fabric woven or printed with such a design

10. : a mark typically ✓ placed beside an item to show it has been noted, examined, or verified

11. : crack , break

• check·less ˈche-kləs adjective

- in check

II. verb

Date: 14th century

transitive verb

1. : to put (a chess king) in check

2. chiefly dialect : rebuke , reprimand

3.

a. : to slow or bring to a stop : brake

hastily check ed the impulse

b. : to block the progress of (as a hockey player)

4.

a. : to restrain or diminish the action or force of : control

b. : to slack or ease off and then belay again (as a rope)

5.

a. : to compare with a source, original, or authority : verify

needs to check her facts

b. : to inspect, examine, or look at appraisingly — usually used with out or over

check ing out new cars

c. : to mark with a check as examined, verified, or satisfactory — often used with off

check ed off each item

6.

a. : to consign (as luggage) to a common carrier from which one has purchased a passenger ticket

check ed our bags before boarding

b. : to ship or accept for shipment under such a consignment

7. : to mark into squares : checker

8. : to leave or accept for safekeeping in a checkroom

check a coat

9. : to make checks or chinks : cause to crack

the sun check s timber

intransitive verb

1.

a. of a dog : to stop in a chase especially when scent is lost

b. : to halt through caution, uncertainty, or fear : stop

2.

a. : to investigate conditions

check ed on the passengers' safety

b. : to prove to be consistent or truthful

the description check s with the photograph

— often used with out

the story check ed out

3. : to draw a check on a bank

4. : to waive the right to initiate the betting in a round of poker

5. : crack , split

Synonyms: see restrain

- check into

- check up on

III. inter

— used to express assent or agreement

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.